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Physical and Biological Hazards of the Workplace. 3rd Edition

  • ID: 3680202
  • Book
  • 608 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Gregg Stave and Peter Wald s Physical and Biological Hazards of the Workplace is one of the leading references for the practice of occupational and environmental health. During the fourteen years since the previous edition there have been major revisions of government standards and guidelines for physical agents such as manual materials handling, shift work and high–pressure environments, and biological agents including tuberculosis and tick–borne diseases as well as the emergence or spread of biological hazards, including Ebola Virus.

Extensively updated and expanded, this book continues to be a practical "how to" reference for health and safety professionals. The text is logically organized for quick reference, with separate sections devoted to physical and biological hazards. Introductory chapters furnish an overview of each broad class of workplace hazard, followed by detailed entries describing specific causes, agents, and organisms.

Organized according to a common format that encompasses all the information health professionals require:

  • Occupational setting
  • Exposure route and measurement guidelines
  • Normal physiology and pathophysiology or pathobiology
  • Diagnosis and treatment
  • Medical surveillance
  • Control and prevention
  • OSHA and NIOSH standards and guidelines

The contributors include many of the nation′s leading authorities in occupational and environmental medicine. Acting as a first reference this book provides a practical overview for the primary health practitioner. It is also intended to be useful for health professionals who have no formal occupational medicine training. The third edition continues to assist all health professionals who are responsible for protecting the health and safety of workers.

Gregg  M. Stave, MD, JD, MPH, FACP, FACOEM, FACPM is a consultant in occupational medicine and corporate health and Assistant Consulting Professor in the Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine at Duke University Medical Center. He previously worked as a corporate medical director for Glaxo.

Peter H. Wald, MD, MPH, FACP, FACOEM, FACMT, is the Enterprise Medical Director at USAA in San Antonio, Texas, and Adjunct Professor of Public Health, San Antonio Regional Campus, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX.

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ABOUT THE EDITORS xi

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS xiii

FOREWORD TO THE FIRST EDITION xvii

PREFACE xix

ACGIH POLICY STATEMENT xxi

ACGIH STATEMENT OF POSITION xxiii

PART I PHYSICAL HAZARDS 1

1 Introduction to Physical Hazards 3Peter H. Wald

I Worker Material Interfaces 13

2 Ergonomics and Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Disorders 13Thomas R. Hales

3 Manual Materials Handling 33Robert B. Dick, Stephen D. Hudock, Ming ]Lun Lu, Thomas R. Waters, and Vern Putz–Anderson

4 Occupational Vibration Exposure 53David G. Wilder and Donald E. Wasserman

5 Mechanical Energy 73James Kubalik

II The Physical Work Environment 87

6 Hot Environments 87David W. DeGroot and Laura A. Pacha

7 Cold Environments 101David W. DeGroot and Laura A. Pacha

8 High ]pressure Environments 111Tony L. Alleman and Joseph R. Serio

9 Low ]pressure and High ]Altitude Environments 131Worthe S. Holt

10 Shift Work 139Allene J. Scott

III Energy and Electromagnetic Radiation 177

11 Ionizing Radiation 177James P. Seward

12 Ultraviolet Radiation 197James A. Hathaway and David H. Sliney

13 Visible Light and Infrared Radiation 203James A. Hathaway and David H. Sliney

14 Laser Radiation 209David H. Sliney and James A. Hathaway

15 Microwave, Radiofrequency, and Extremely Low ]frequency Energy 215Richard Cohen and Peter H. Wald

16 Noise 223Robert A. Dobie

17 Electrical Power and Electrical Injuries 231Jeffrey R. Jones

PART II BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS 241

18 General Principles of Microbiology and Infectious Disease 243Woodhall Stopford

19 Clinical Recognition of Occupational Exposure and Health Consequences 249Gary N. Greenberg and Gregg M. Stave

20 Prevention of Illness from Biological Hazards 261Gregg M. Stave

21 Viruses 275Manijeh Berenji

22 Bacteria 347Christopher J. Martin, Aletheia S. Donahue, and John D. Meyer

23 Mycobacteria 411Gregg M. Stave

24 Fungi 425Craig S. Glazer and Cecile S. Rose

25 Anaplasma, Chlamydophila, Coxiella, Ehrlichia, and Rickettsia 457Dennis J. Darcey

26 Parasites 471William N. Yang

27 Envenomations 501James A. Palmier

28 Allergens 519David C. Caretto

29 Latex 537Carol A. Epling

30 Malignant Cells 543Aubrey K. Miller

31 Recombinant Organisms 547Jessica Herzstein and Gregg M. Stave

32 Prions: Creutzfeldt jakob Disease (CJD) and Related Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) 553Dennis J. Darcey

33 Endotoxins 557Robert Jacobs

34 Wood Dust 563Harold R. Imbus and Gregg M. Stave

INDEX 569

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Gregg M. Stave
Peter H. Wald
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