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The Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations: Nervous System, Volume 7, Part II - Spinal Cord and Peripheral Motor and Sensory Systems. Edition No. 2. Netter Green Book Collection

  • ID: 3689149
  • Book
  • March 2013
  • Elsevier Health Science
Spinal Cord and Peripheral Motor and Sensory Systems, Part 2 of The Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations: Nervous System, 2nd Edition, provides a highly visual overview of the anatomy, pathology, and major clinical syndromes of the nervous system, from cranial nerves and neuro-ophthalmology to spinal cord, neuropathies, autonomic nervous system, pain physiology, and neuromuscular disorders. This spectacularly illustrated volume in the masterwork known as the (CIBA) Netter "Green Books" has been expanded and revised by Drs. H. Royden Jones, Jr., Ted M. Burns, Michael J. Aminoff, Scott L. Pomeroy to mirror the many exciting advances in neurologic medicine - offering rich insights into neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, molecular biology, pathology, and various clinical presentations.

"Netter's has always set the Rolls-Royce standard in understanding of clinical anatomy and pathophysiology of disease process, particularly of nervous system. Over 290 pages and with the use of sharp, concise text, illustrations and correlation with up to date imaging techniques, including spinal cord and cranial and peripheral nerve disorders. It is well worth a read." Reviewed by: Dr Manesh Bhojak, Consultant Neuroradiologist, Liverpool Date: July 2014

- Get complete, integrated visual guidance on the cranial nerves, spinal cord and peripheral motor and sensory systems with thorough, richly illustrated coverage. - Quickly understand complex topics thanks to a concise text-atlas format that provides a context bridge between primary and specialized medicine. - Clearly visualize how core concepts of anatomy, physiology, and other basic sciences correlate across disciplines. - Benefit from matchless Netter illustrations that offer precision, clarity, detail and realism as they provide a visual approach to the clinical presentation and care of the patient. - Gain a rich clinical view of all aspects of the cranial nerves, spinal cord and peripheral motor sensory systems in one comprehensive volume, conveyed through beautiful illustrations as well as up-to-date neuro-radiologic images. - Clearly see the connection between basic science and clinical practice with an integrated overview of normal structure and function as it relates to neuro-pathologic conditions. - Grasp current clinical concepts regarding the many aspects of adult and child neurologic medicine captured in classic Netter illustrations, as well as new illustrations created specifically for this volume by artist-physician Carlos Machado, MD, and others working in the Netter style.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown



1-1 Distribution of Motor and Sensory

Fibers, 2

1-2 Nerves and Nuclei Viewed in Phantom

from Behind, 4

1-3 Nerves and Nuclei in Lateral Dissection, 5


1-4 Olfactory Pathways, 6

1-5 Olfactory Receptors, 7

1-6 Olfactory Bulb and Nerve, 8


1-7 Eye, 9

1-8 Visual Pathways, 10

1-9 Optic Nerve Appearance, 11

1-10 Retinal Projections to Thalamus,

Midbrain, and Brainstem, 12

1-11 Pupillary Light Reflex and the

Accommodation Reflex, 13



1-12 Oculomotor (III), Trochlear (IV), and

Abducens (VI) Nerves, 14

1-13 Nerves of Orbit and Cavernous Sinus, 15

1-14 Control of Eye Movements, 16

1-15 Control of Eye

Movements-Pathology, 17

1-16 Control of Eye Movements-Pathology

(Continued), 18

1-17 Autonomic Innervation of the Eye, 19


1-18 Trigeminal (V) Nerve, 20

1-19 Trigeminal Nuclei: Afferent and Central

Connections, 21

1-20 Trigeminal Nuclei: Central and Peripheral

Connections, 22

1-21 Ophthalmic (V1) and Maxillary (V2)

Nerves, 23

1-22 Mandibular Nerve (V3), 24

1-23 Trigeminal Nerve Disorders, 25


1-24 Facial (VII) Nerve, 26

1-25 Muscles of Facial Expression: Lateral

View, 27

1-26 Central Versus Peripheral Facial

Paralysis, 28

1-27 Facial Palsy, 29


1-28 Anatomy of Taste Buds and Their

Receptors, 30

1-29 Tongue, 31


1-30 Vestibulocochlear (VIII) Nerve, 32

1-31 Pathway of Sound Reception, 33

1-32 Pathologic Causes of Vertigo, 34

1-33 Canalith Repositioning (Epley

Maneuver), 35

1-34 Afferent Auditory Pathways, 36

1-35 Centrifugal Auditory Pathways, 37

1-36 Vestibular Receptors, 38

1-37 Cochlear Receptors, 39


1-38 Glossopharyngeal (IX) Nerve, 40

1-39 Otic Ganglion, 41


1-40 Vagus (X) Nerve, 42

1-41 Vagus Nerve Branches and

Disorders, 43


1-42 Accessory (XI) Nerve, 44

1-43 Clinical Findings in Cranial Nerve XI

Damage, 45


1-44 Hypoglossal (XII) Nerve, 46

1-45 Intramedullary Course, 47

1-46 Disorders of Hypoglossal Nucleus and

Nerve, 48



2-1 Spinal Cord, 50

2-2 Spinal Membranes and Nerve

Roots, 51

2-3 Arteries of Spinal Cord, 52

2-4 Arteries of Spinal Cord: Intrinsic

Distribution, 53

2-5 Veins of Spinal Cord, Nerve Roots, and

Vertebrae, 54

2-6 Principal Fiber Tracts of Spinal

Cord, 55

2-7 Somesthetic System of Body, 56

2-8 Corticospinal (Pyramidal) System: Motor

Component, 57

2-9 Rubrospinal Tract, 58

2-10 Vestibulospinal Tracts, 59

2-11 Reticulospinal and Corticoreticular

Pathways, 60

2-12 Spinal Origin or Termination of Major

Descending Tracts and Ascending

Pathways, 61

2-13 Cytoarchitecture of Spinal Cord Gray

Matter, 62

2-14 Spinal Effector Mechanisms, 63

2-15 Spinal Reflex Pathways, 64

2-16 Motor Impairment Related to Level of

Spinal Cord Injury, 65

2-17 Sensory Impairment Related to Level of

Spinal Cord Injury, 66

2-18 Incomplete Spinal Cord Syndromes, 67

2-19 Acute Spinal Cord Syndromes: Evolution

of Symptoms, 68

2-20 Acute Spinal Cord Syndromes: Pathology,

Etiology, and Diagnosis, 69

2-21 Spinal Tumors, 70

2-22 Spinal Tumors (Continued), 71

2-23 Neuroimaging (MRI) Characteristics of

Spinal Tumors, 72

2-24 Syringomyelia, 73

2-25 Subacute Combined Degeneration, 74

2-26 Spinal Dural Fistulas and Arteriovenous

Malformations, 75

2-27 Cervical Spondylosis, 76

2-28 Cervical Disk Herniation Causing Cord

Compression, 77

2-29 Infectious and Hereditary

Myelopathies, 78


3-1 Spinal Column, 80

3-2 Atlas and Axis, 81

3-3 Cervical Vertebrae, 82

3-4 External Craniocervical Ligaments, 83

3-5 Internal Craniocervical Ligaments, 84

3-6 Thoracic Vertebrae, 85

3-7 Lumbar Vertebrae and Intervertebral

Disk, 86

3-8 Ligaments of Spinal Column, 87

3-9 Sacrum and Coccyx, 88

3-10 Ligaments of Sacrum and Coccyx, 89

3-11 Distractive Flexion, 90

3-12 Compressive Flexion, 91

3-13 Distractive Extension, 92

3-14 Cervical Spine Injury: Prehospital,

Emergency Room, and Acute

Management, 93

3-15 Traction and Bracing, 94

3-16 Anterior Cervical Spine Decompression

and Stabilization, 95

3-17 Posterior Cervical Stabilization and

Fusion, 96

3-18 Spinal Cord Injury Medical Issues, 97



4-1 Cervical Disk Herniation, 100

4-2 Radiographic Diagnosis of

Radiculopathy, 101

4-3 Examination of Patient with Low Back

Pain, 102

4-4 Lumbar Disk Herniation: Clinical

Manifestations, 103

4-5 L4-5 Disk Extrusion, 104

4-6 Lumbosacral Spinal Stenosis, 105

4-7 Spinal Nerves, 106

4-8 Dermal Segmentation, 107

4-9 Thoracic Nerves, 108

4-10 Thoracic Spinal Nerve Root

Disorders, 109

4-11 Diabetic Lumbosacral Radiculoplexus

Neuropathy, 110

4-12 Lumbar, Sacral, and Coccygeal

Plexuses, 111

4-13 Brachial Plexus, 112

4-14 Brachial Plexus and/or Cervical Nerve

Root Injuries at Birth, 113

4-15 Brachial Plexopathy, 114

4-16 Lumbosacral Plexopathy, 115

4-17 Cervical Plexus, 116


5-1 Compression Neuropathies, 118

5-2 Chronic Nerve Compression, 119

5-3 Electrodiagnostic Studies in Compression

Neuropathy, 120

5-4 Radiologic Studies in Compression

Neuropathy, 121

5-5 Proximal Nerves of the Upper Extremity:

Spinal Accessory Nerve, 122

5-6 Proximal Nerves of the Upper Extremity:

Suprascapular and Musculocutaneous

Nerves, 123

5-7 Median Nerve, 124

5-8 Proximal Median Neuropathies, 125

5-9 Distal Median Nerve, 126

5-10 Distal Median Neuropathies: Carpal

Tunnel Syndrome, 127

5-11 Proximal Ulnar Nerve, 128

5-12 Ulnar Mononeuropathies: Potential

Entrapment Sites, 129

5-13 Radial Nerve, 130

5-14 Radial Nerve Compression/Entrapment

Neuropathies, 131

5-15 Femoral and Lateral Femoral Cutaneous

Nerves, 132

5-16 Iliohypogastric, Ilioinguinal,

Genitofemoral, and Obturator

Nerves, 133

5-17 Gluteal Nerves, 134

5-18 Sciatic and Posterior Femoral Cutaneous

Nerves, 135

5-19 Fibular (Peroneal) Nerve, 136

5-20 Tibial Nerve, 137

5-21 Cutaneous Innervation, 138

5-22 Dermatomes, 139


6-1 Anatomy of Peripheral Nerve, 143

6-2 Histology of Peripheral Nerve, 144

6-3 Cell Types of Nervous System, 145

6-4 Resting Membrane Potential, 146

6-5 Ion Channel Mechanics and Action

Potential Generation, 147

6-6 Neurophysiology and Peripheral Nerve

Demyelination, 148

6-7 Impulse Propagation, 149

6-8 Conduction Velocity, 150

6-9 Visceral Efferent Endings, 151

6-10 Cutaneous Receptors, 152

6-11 Pacinian Corpuscle, 153

6-12 Muscle and Joint Receptors, 154

6-13 Proprioceptive Reflex Control of Muscle

Tension, 155

6-14 Hereditary Motor and Sensory

Neuropathies (HMSN, i.e., Charcot-Marie-

Tooth Disease), 156

6-15 Hereditary Motor and Sensory

Neuropathy Types I and II, 157

6-16 Other Hereditary Motor and Sensory

Neuropathies (Types III, IV, and X), 158

6-17 Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic

Neuropathy, 159

6-18 Guillain-Barré Syndrome, 160

6-19 Guillain-Barré Syndrome

(Continued), 161

6-20 Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating

Polyradiculoneuropathy, 162

6-21 Diabetic Neuropathies, 163

6-22 Monoclonal Protein-Associated

Neuropathies: Amyloid Neuropathy, 164

6-23 Monoclonal Protein-Associated

Neuropathies: Distal Acquired

Demyelinating Symmetric (DADS)

Neuropathy, 165

6-24 Vasculitic Neuropathy and Other

Connective Tissue Disorders

Associated with Neuropathy:

Fibrinoid Necrosis, 166

6-25 Vasculitic Neuropathy and Other

Connective Tissue Disorders

Associated with Neuropathy:

Sjögren Syndrome, 167

6-26 Immunopathogenesis of Guillain-Barré

Syndrome, 168

6-27 Peripheral Neuropathy Cause by Heavy

Metal Poisoning, 169

6-28 Metabolic, Toxic, and Nutritional

Peripheral Neuropathies, 170

6-29 Leprosy and Other Infections Sometimes

Causing Peripheral Neuropathies, 171



7-1 General Topography of Autonomic

Nervous System, 174

7-2 General Topography of Autonomic

Nervous System (Continued), 175

7-3 Autonomic Reflex Pathways, 176

7-4 Cholinergic and Adrenergic Nerves, 177

7-5 Autonomic Nerves in Head, 178

7-6 Autonomic Nerves in Neck, 179

7-7 Autonomic Distribution to the Head and

the Neck, 180

7-8 Ciliary Ganglion, 181

7-9 Thoracic Sympathetic Chain and

Splanchnic Nerves, 182

7-10 Innervation of Heart, 183

7-11 Innervation of Blood Vessels, 184

7-12 Carotid Body and Carotid Sinus, 185

7-13 Autonomic Nerves and Ganglia in

Abdomen, 186

7-14 Innervation of Stomach and Proximal

Duodenum, 187

7-15 Innervation of Intestines, 188

7-16 Autonomic Innervation of Small

Intestine, 189

7-17 Enteric Plexuses, 190

7-18 Innervation of Liver and Biliary

Tract, 191

7-19 Innervation of Adrenal Glands, 192

7-20 Autonomic Nerves and Ganglia in

Pelvis, 193

7-21 Autonomic Innervation of Kidneys and

Upper Ureters, 194

7-22 Innervation of Urinary Bladder and Lower

Ureter, 195

7-23 Innervation of Male Reproductive

Organs, 196

7-24 Innervation of Female Reproductive

Organs, 197

7-25 Autonomic Testing, 198

7-26 Abnormal Pupillary Conditions, 199

7-27 Clinical Presentation of Autonomic

Disorders, 200


8-1 Somatosensory System, 202

8-2 Somatosensory Afferents and Principal

Fiber Tracts, 203

8-3 Pain Pathways, 204

8-4 Endorphin System, 205

8-5 Spinothalamic and Spinoreticular

Nociceptive Processing in the Spinal

Cord, 206

8-6 Central Nervous System

Neurotransmitters, Receptors, and Drug

Targets, 207

8-7 Thalamic Pain Syndrome, 208

8-8 Clinical Manifestations Related to

Thalamus Site in Intracerebral

Hemorrhage, 209

8-9 Complex Regional Pain, 210

8-10 Herpes Zoster, 211

8-11 Occipital Neuralgia, 212

8-12 Myofascial Factors in Low Back

Pain, 213

8-13 Myofascial Factors in Low Back Pain

(Continued): Posterior Abdominal Wall:

Internal View, 214

8-14 Lumbar Zygapophyseal Joint Back

Pain, 215

8-15 Low Back Pain and Effects of Lumbar

Hyperlordosis and Flexion on Spinal

Nerves, 216

8-16 Examination of the Low Back Pain

Patient, 217

8-17 Osteoporosis, 218

8-18 Diagnosis of Hip, Buttock, and Back

Pain, 219

8-19 Hip Joint Involvement in

Osteoarthritis, 220

8-20 Peripheral Nerves of Feet, Painful

Peripheral Neuropathies, 221

8-21 Peripheral Neuropathies: Clinical

Manifestations, 222

8-22 Neurologic Evaluation of the Somatoform

Patient: Cutaneous Distribution of

Peripheral Nerves, 223

8-23 Neurologic Evaluation of the Somatoform

Patient: Somatoform Conversion

Reactions, 224


9-1 Neonatal Hypotonia, 226

9-2 Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type I (Werdnig-

Hoffmann Disease), 227

9-3 Infantile Neuromuscular Junction (NMJ)

Disorders, 228

9-4 Congenital Myopathies, 229

9-5 Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita, 230



10-1 Peripheral Nervous System:

Overview, 232

10-2 Spinal Cord and Neuronal Cell Body with

Motor, Sensory, and Autonomic

Components of the Peripheral

Nerve, 233

10-3 Motor Unit, 234

10-4 Motor Unit Potentials, 235

10-5 Primary Motor Neuron Disease, 236

10-6 Clinical Manifestations of Amyotrophic

Lateral Sclerosis, 237

10-7 Clinical Manifestations of Amyotrophic

Lateral Sclerosis (Continued), 238

10-8 Mimics of Amyotrophic Lateral

Sclerosis, 239

10-9 Diagnosis of Amyotrophic Lateral

Sclerosis, 240

10-10 Treatment of Amyotrophic Lateral

Sclerosis, 241

10-11 Spinal Muscular Atrophy and Spinal

Bulbar Muscular Atrophy, 242



11-1 Structure of Neuromuscular

Junction, 244

11-2 Physiology of Neuromuscular

Junction, 245

11-3 Somatic Neuromuscular

Transmission, 246

11-4 Pharmacology of Neuromuscular

Transmission, 247

11-5 Repetitive Motor Nerve Stimulation, 248

11-6 Myasthenia Gravis: Clinical

Manifestations, 249

11-7 Myasthenia Gravis: Etiologic and

Pathophysiologic Concepts, 250

11-8 Immunopathology of Myasthenia

Gravis, 251

11-9 Presynaptic Neuromuscular Junction

Transmission Disorders: Lambert-Eaton

Myasthenic Syndrome and Infantile

Botulism, 252

11-10 Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes, 253

11-11 Foodborne Neurotoxins, 254



12-1 Muscle Fiber Anatomy: Basic Sarcomere

Subdivisions, 256

12-2 Muscle Fiber Anatomy: Biochemical

Mechanics of Contraction, 257

12-3 Muscle Membrane, T Tubules, and

Sarcoplasmic Reticulum, 258

12-4 Muscle Response to Nerve

Stimulation, 259

12-5 Metabolism of Muscle Cell, 260

12-6 Muscle Fiber Types, 261

12-7 Overview of Myopathies: Clinical

Approach, 262

12-8 Dystrophinopathies: Duchenne

Muscular Dystrophy-Gower's

Maneuver, 264

12-9 Dystrophinopathies: Duchenne Muscular

Dystrophy, 265

12-10 Dystrophinopathies: Molecular Genetic

Testing, 266

12-11 Myotonic Dystrophy and Other Myotonic

Disorders, 267

12-12 Myotonic Dystrophy and Other Myotonic

Disorders (Continued), 268

12-13 Other Types of Muscular Dystrophy, 269

12-14 Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis, 270

12-15 Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis

(Continued), 271

12-16 Inclusion Body Myositis, 272

12-17 Immunopathology for Inflammatory

Myopathies, 273

12-18 Endocrine, Toxic, and Critical Illness

Myopathies, 274

12-19 Myopathies: Hypokalemia/Hyperkalemia

and the Periodic Paralyses

Channelopathies Myopathies Associated

with Disorders of Potassium

Metabolism, 275

12-20 Metabolic and Mitochondrial

Myopathies, 276

12-21 Myoglobinuric Syndromes Including

Malignant Hyperthermia, 277
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H. Royden Jones Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Dr. H. Royden Jones was Chair of the Department of Neurology at Lahey Hospital and Medical Center, Burlington, Massachusetts; Director of the Electromyography Laboratory at Boston Children's Hospital; and Clinical Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Jones completed residencies in Internal Medicine and Neurology and a fellowship in neurological physiology at the Mayo Clinic. He served over 3 years in the United States Army as Chief of Neurology at 5th General Hospital, Bad Cannstatt, Germany. Dr. Jones was Board certified in neurology, clinical neurophysiology, and neuromuscular medicine. Upon completion of his training he joined the Lahey Clinic in 1972. In 1977 he also joined the neurology department at Boston Children's Hospital, founding the electromyography laboratory in 1979. Pediatric EMG became his major clinical research interest. Dr. Jones was co-editor of three major textbooks on childhood clinical neurophysiology and neuromuscular disorders. He was a co-founder of the biennial International Paediatric EMG Conference based at Great Ormond Street Children's Hospital, London, England. Recognized as one of the top neurologists in the U.S., Dr. Jones was an author and editor of several Netter publications including two editions of Netter's Neurology, The Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations: Nervous System, Volume 7, Part I (Brain) and Part II (Spinal Cord and Peripheral Motor and Sensory Systems), 2nd Editions (volumes in the Netter Green Book Collection). Dr. Jones authored and edited several other Netter publications and contributed over 200 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters. Dr. Jones served 8 years as a director of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, becoming Chair of its Neurology Council in 2004. In 2007 he received the Distinguished Physician Award from the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine. Lahey Clinic's Medical Staff Association recognized Dr. Jones in 2010 with its highest honor-the Frank Lahey Award for "commitment to the values of Dr. Frank Lahey: respect, teamwork, excellence, commitment to personal best.? Dr. Jones was named Outstanding Teacher in Pediatric Neurology 2012 - 2013 by the Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School. He also received an award in recognition of his many years of dedicated teaching at Tufts University School of Medicine.
Ted Burns Professor of Neurology,University of Virginia,Charlottesville, VA.

Michael J. Aminoff Distinguished Professor and Endowed Chair in Parkinson's Disease Research, Department of Neurology University of California, San Francisco.

Dr. Michael Aminoff was born and educated in England, graduating from University College London in 1962 and as a physician from University College Hospital Medical School in 1965. He subsequently trained in neurology and neurophysiology at The National Hospital (Queen Square) in London, and in 1974 moved to UCSF where he has been Professor of Neurology since 1982. He was Director of the Clinical Neurophysiology Laboratories at UCSF until 2004, when he became Executive Vice Chair of the department of neurology, and also directs the Parkinson's Disease Clinic and Research Center, a National Parkinson Foundation Center of Excellence.

He is the author of more than 230 published medical or scientific articles, as well as the author or editor of some 29 books. His published scientific contributions led to the award of a Doctorate in Science, an advanced doctorate in the Faculty of Science, by the University of London in 2000. He is the one of the two editors-in-chief of the four-volume Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (2nd Edition, Academic Press, 2014), and one of the series editors of the multi-volume Handbook of Clinical Neurology (Elsevier). He was Editor-in Chief of the journal Muscle & Nerve from 1998 to 2007 and serves on numerous other editorial boards. He was a director of the American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology for 8 years, and chair of the board in 2011.

Dr. Aminoff has received numerous prizes including the Lifetime Achievement Award of the American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine in 2006 and the A.B. Baker Award of the American Academy of Neurology for life-time achievements and contributions to medical education in 2007. In 2010, he was awarded the title of "Distinguished Professor? at the University of California, San Francisco.

He is married and has three children, one a pediatric rheumatologist, another a federal defense attorney, and the third an assistant district attorney.
Scott Pomeroy Bronson Crothers Professor of Neurology, Neurology, Harvard Medical School,Consultant, Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Neurologist-in-Chief, Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital,Boston Children's Hospital.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown