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Public Safety Communications - Today and Tomorrow

  • ID: 3727176
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 220 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
1 of 3


  • AceAxis
  • CommAgility
  • Fujitsu
  • Midland
  • Qualcomm
  • Simoco
  • MORE
Currently, two major groups of standards - P25 and TETRA - define specifics of Public Safety Communications (PSC). P25 and TETRA LMR standards are being in the development for at least last twenty-two years and supported and continue to support voice and relatively low-speed data (up to ~0.5 Mb/s) that first responders’ communications required. Both groups had developmental and deployment issues (P25 LMRs were affected more) that had been mostly addressed by the PSC community - though several issues are still pending; their base stations and terminals are more expensive than commercial counterparts.

In the last several years, commercial cellular communications made a significant progress in enhancing performance and economic characteristics, such as the speed of transmission, reliability, ability to communicate with fast moving objects, the cost factor and other. 4G technologies (such as LTE and WiMAX) proved their attractiveness; and the industry, especially R&D, is looking for introduction 5G technologies in 4-6 years.

The PSC community, which is looking to enhance its networks to support video and massive data files with high-speed transmission as well as to improve other transmission characteristics, was investigating applicability of LTE (which is one of the most successful mobile communications standards) for PSC; and this effort led to decision to adapt this commercial cellular technology for critical communications and to build PSC networks utilizing LTE. One such a network - the FirstNet - is envisioned as the U.S. nationwide first responders (and maybe other users that are responsible for the country’s infrastructure) system, the only in the country. The FirstNet development is in the evolving stage; and its implementation will start, probably, in 1-2 years. Other countries are also experimenting with LTE network structures built specifically for PSC.

The report provides detailed technical and marketing analysis of P25/TETRA LMR together with the survey of industries. Then, it is concentrating on the specifics of LTE as a commercial technology that has to be adapted to carry PSC tasks; LTE technological and marketing specifics as well as the industry as they related to the report’s subject are analyzed. The 3GPP work in this area is detailed. The report shows that the industry is already ready for the development LTE-PSC equipment, though the fully blown PSC standards are expected from the 3GPP only in 2019-2020. The report also provides a detailed analysis of the current status of the FirstNet - the nationwide U.S. LTE-based PSC network. The U.S. is not alone in adapting LTE for PSC - England and other countries are also constructing LTE-PSC networks.

The report concludes that LMR and LTE-based PSC infrastructures will co-exist in the foreseeable future, complementing each other to provide high-speed data communications (up to 100s Mb/s) with narrowband voice, making communications more reliable and cost-effective and widening the spectrum of PSC applications.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the design and implementation of PSC networks as well as for users such networks.
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2 of 3


  • AceAxis
  • CommAgility
  • Fujitsu
  • Midland
  • Qualcomm
  • Simoco
  • MORE
1.0 Introduction

1.1 Status

1.2 Union

1.3 Scope and Goals

1.4 Research Methodology

1.5 Target Audience

2.0 Today: “Traditional” PSC Technologies

2.1 Project 25 (P25)

2.1.1 Standardization Process General Process

2.1.2 Project 25/TIA 102: Scope Efforts Phased Approach Phases Phase I Phase II

2.1.3 Status

2.1.4 CAP

2.1.5 P25 Development-Phase I General Mission and Objectives Compliance Benefits and Issues Technical Highlights- Interfaces Common Air Interface Fixed Station Interface Console Sub-System Interface (CSSI) RF Sub-system Inter-system Interface (ISSI) ISSI Technology Telephone Interconnect Interface Network Management Interface Host and Network Data Interfaces Summary: Interfaces Frequency Spectrum 700 MHz Band Security Coding Advances Services Network Scenario Summary

2.1.6 Development: P25 Phase II Transition Scope Interfaces - Phase II Attributes Data Services Standards Enhancements - Details Time and Documentation

2.1.7 P25 Radio Market Analysis General Geography Market Drivers Market Forecast Considerations P25 Way Commercial Involvement Model Assumptions Estimate

2.1.8 Summary: Phase I and Phase II

2.1.9 P25 Industry


Airbus Defense and Space Communications (formerly Cassidian)

Codan (include P25/LTE solution)

Digital Voice System

Etherstack (include P25/LTE solution)

EF Johnson


Icom America



Motorola Solutions

Objective Interface Systems

PowerTrunk (Sepura)

Relm Wireless


Technisonic Industries

Tait Communications

Vertex Standard



2.2.1 General TCCA Major Milestones

2.2.2 TETRA: Scope-Release I General Spectrum Regulations TETRA and Commercial Cellular Main Features Functionalities Technical Details Services Benefits Networking Release I Details General Interfaces Infrastructure Call Types Mobiles Security Summary

2.2.3 TETRA Release II History Drivers Rational Two-track Approach Applications Trunked Mode Operation (TMO) Range Extension Adaptive Multiple Rate (AMR) Voice Codec Mixed Excitation Liner Predictive, Enhanced (MELPe) Voice Codec Data Services Development TAPS TEDS Comparison Enhancements

2.2.4 Market Analysis General Geography Market Drivers-Industries-Applications Model Assumptions Estimate

2.2.5 Industry

Airbus DS (include TETRA/LTE)


DAMM Cellular


Hytera (include TETRA over LTE)

Motorola Solutions

Pegasus Network




Selex ES

Team Simoco


3.0 P25 and TETRA

3.1 General

3.2 TDMA: Advantages and Issues

3.3 Characteristics

3.4 Modifications

3.5 TETRA in North America

3.5.1 FCC Position

3.5.2 Trials and Deployments.

4.0 Considerations: Next Generation PSC

5.0 LTE Place in PSC

5.1 De-facto Standard

5.2 Broadband Wireless Communications Stages and LTE Place

5.2.1 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration Industry Initiative LTE Timetable Initial Releases

5.3 Key Features of LTE

5.4 Details

5.4.1 Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) - eNB

5.4.2 UE Categories

5.4.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC)

5.4.4 LTE Layers

5.5 LTE Advanced

5.6 Self-organized Network (SON)

5.7 Market

5.7.1 General

5.7.2 Drivers

5.7.3 Demand: Wireless Broadband

5.7.4 LTE Market Projections

5.8 3GPP and LTE PSC

5.8.1 Releases and PSC Voice Efforts: R11-R13-PSC Main Areas Proximity Services Group Communications Service Process LTE PSC - Market

5.9 Summary of LTE Benefits

5.10 Industry

Alcatel-Lucent-NEC (PSC)







General Dynamics (PSC)

Harris (PSC)


Lime Microsystems

Motorola Solutions (PSC)

Nokia Networks (PSC)


Samsung (PSC)





5.11 Summary

6.0 FirstNet: Features and Characteristics

6.1 General

6.2 Beginning - Plan

6.2.1 Spectrum Auctions

6.2.2 Governing

6.3 Differences - PSG Communications

6.4 RFIs and RFPs Process

6.5 FirstNet - Features

6.5.1 General

6.5.2 Standards Compliance Layers Core Network Transport Backhaul Radio Access Network (RAN) Public Safety Devices

6.6 FirstNet and LTE Current Limitations: 3GPP Releases

6.6.1 LTE - P25

6.6.2 FirstNet- Adopting Commercial Technology

6.6.3 Challenges and Coexistence

6.7 Vendors

Athena (acquired by Google in 2015)






In Motion Technology -Sierra Wireless

Motorola Solutions


Star Solutions

6.8 Interoperability Testing

6.8.1 Alcatel-Lucent, NSN, Cisco, Harris

6.8.2 Rohde & Schwarz and Elektrobit

6.9 Pilot Projects


7.1 Possibility - Union


7.3 England - LTE PSC Network

7.4 Other

8.0 Conclusions

Appendix I: 3GPP Releases

Appendix II: References

Table of Figures:
Figure 1: APCO Project 25 Interface Committee

Figure 2: Generic-P25 System Structure

Figure 3: P25 System - Major Interfaces

Figure 4: ISSI-P25 System-to-System

Figure 5: ISSI-Roaming

Figure 6: 700 MHz Band Plan for Public Safety Services

Figure 7: Example-Network Scenario

Figure 8: Phase II Modulation

Figure 9: Family

Figure 10: CAI Details

Figure 11: Capacity

Figure 12: Vocoders

Figure 13: Spectrum Utilization - FM - Phase II

Figure 14: P25 Geography

Figure 15: Estimate: PSC P25 Equipment Global Sales ($B)

Figure 16: P25 Market Applications Segments

Figure 17: TETRA: Spectrum Allocation

Figure 18: TETRA Release I - Functionalities

Figure 19: TETRA Interworking Illustration

Figure 20: TETRA Interoperability Interfaces

Figure 21: Network Scenarios

Figure 22: TETRA Release I Interfaces

Figure 23: TETRA RII Developments

Figure 24: Two-track Approach

Figure 25: TAPS

Figure 26: TEDS RF Channel Characteristics

Figure 27: Spectral Efficiency

Figure 28: Rates and Range

Figure 29: Illustration - TETRA TEDS Characteristics

Figure 30: TETRA Market Geography (2016)

Figure 31: TETRA Segmentation by Industries (2016)

Figure 32: Estimate: TETRA Equipment Global Sales ($B)

Figure 33: Estimate: TETRA BS & Associated Equipment Global Sales ($B)

Figure 34: PSC Applications Scenarios

Figure 35: Evolution Path

Figure 36: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband

Figure 37: Details - Releases Time Schedule

Figure 38: LTE - IP

Figure 39: LTE - Reference Architecture

Figure 40: LTE Layers

Figure 41: Projection: Global Broadband Mobile Subscribers Base ($B)

Figure 42: Estimate: LTE-Subscribers’ Base-Global (Bil)

Figure 43: LTE Equipment Global Sales ($B)

Figure 44: Estimate: LTE PSC Subscribers Base - Global (Mil.)

Figure 45: Estimate: Installed Base - PSC LTE eNodeB - Global (000)

Figure 46: Estimate: Global LTE PSC Market ($B)

Figure 47: FirstNet Frequency Plan

Figure 48: Illustration-FirstNet Connections

Figure 49: Layers

Figure 50: Core Network

Figure 51: FirstNet Devices

Figure 52: LMR-LTE Capacities - Illustration

Table 1: Approved P25 Standard

Table 2:P25 Advantages and Issues

Table 3: CAI Major Characteristics

Table 4: P25 Services

Table 5: Phase II Documents

Table 6: Components

Table 7: TETRA Established

Table 8: TETRA Release I-Major Characteristics

Table 9: TETRA Needs

Table 10: Applications (Release II)

Table 11: Evolution of TETRA Applications

Table 12: Terminal Cost

Table 13:3GPP Releases

Table 14: Initial LTE Characteristics: Illustration

Table 15: Users Equipment Categories (Initial)

Table 16: UE Categories - Extended

Table 17: Release 12: PSC-related Items

Table 18: 700 MHz Band 14

Table 19: Potential Broadband Applications - PSC
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 3


4 of 3
- AceAxis

- Airbus Defense and Space Communications (formerly Cassidian)

- Airbus DS (include TETRA/LTE)

- Alcatel-Lucent-NEC (PSC)

- Aricent

- Athena (acquired by Google in 2015)

- Avtec

- CalAmp

- Cisco

- ClearTone

- Codan (include P25/LTE solution)

- CommAgility

- DAMM Cellular

- Digital Voice System

- EF Johnson

- Elbit

- Elektrobit

- Ericsson

- Etherstack (include P25/LTE solution)

- Fujitsu

- General Dynamics (PSC)

- Harris (PSC)

- Huawei

- Hytera (include TETRA over LTE)

- Icom America

- In Motion Technology -Sierra Wireless

- Kenwood

- Lime Microsystems

- Midland

- Motorola Solutions (PSC)

- Nokia Networks (PSC)

- Objective Interface Systems

- Oceus

- Pegasus Network

- Portalify

- PowerTrunk (Sepura)

- Qualcomm

- Relm Wireless

- Rohill

- Samsung (PSC)

- Selex ES

- Sepura

- Sequans

- Simoco

- Star Solutions

- Tait Communications

- Team Simoco

- Technisonic Industries

- Thales

- TI

- u-blox

- Vertex Standard

- Westel

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