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Natural Fibre Composites

  • ID: 3744468
  • Book
  • June 2016
  • 416 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
The use of natural fibres as reinforcements in composites has grown in importance in recent years. Natural Fibre Composites summarises the wealth of significant recent research in this area.

Chapters in part one introduce and explore the structure, properties, processing, and applications of natural fibre reinforcements, including those made from wood and cellulosic fibres. Part two describes and illustrates the processing of natural fibre composites. Chapters discuss ethical practices in the processing of green composites, manufacturing methods and compression and injection molding techniques for natural fibre composites, and thermoset matrix natural fibre-reinforced composites. Part three highlights and interprets the testing and properties of natural fibre composites including, non-destructive and high strain rate testing. The performance of natural fibre composites is examined under dynamic loading, the response of natural fibre composites to impact damage is appraised, and the response of natural fibre composites in a marine environment is assessed.

Natural Fibre Composites is a technical guide for professionals requiring an understanding of natural fibre composite materials. It offers reviews, applications and evaluations of the subject for researchers and engineers.

- Introduces and explores the structure, properties, processing, and applications of natural fibre reinforcements, including those made from wood and cellulosic fibres
- Highlights and interprets the testing and properties of natural fibre composites, including non-destructive and high strain rate testing
- Examines performance of natural fibre composites under dynamic loading, the response of natural fibre composites to impact damage, and the response of natural fibre composites in a marine environment
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Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering
Part I: Natural fibre reinforcements
Chapter 1: Wood fibres as reinforcements in natural fibre composites: structure, properties, processing and applications
Abstract:
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Wood fibres: nature and behaviour
1.3 Modification of wood fibres for composites
1.4 Matrices (binders) of wood fibre composites
1.5 Process techniques of wood fibre composites
1.6 Properties of wood fibre composites
1.7 Applications of wood fibre composites
1.8 Future trends
Chapter 2: Chemistry and structure of cellulosic fibres as reinforcements in natural fibre composites
Abstract:
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Glucose monomer
2.3 Glucose biopolymerization
2.4 Cellulose structure
2.5 Chemical and solubility properties of cellulose
2.6 Sources of cellulose
2.7 Separation of cellulose
2.8 Purification of cellulose
2.9 Cellulose polymorphism
2.10 Chemical modification of cellulose
2.11 Preparation of nano-cellulose
2.12 Processing of cellulose
2.13 Applications of cellulose fibres
2.14 Conclusions
2.16 Appendix: abbreviations
Chapter 3: Creating hierarchical structures in cellulosic fibre reinforced polymer composites for advanced performance
Abstract:
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Creating hierarchical structures in (ligno)cellulosic fibre reinforced composite materials
3.3 Surface microfibrillation of (ligno)cellulosic fibres
3.4 Creating hierarchical structures in renewable composites by incorporating microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) into the matrix
3.5 Coating of (ligno)cellulosic fibres with bacterial cellulose
3.6 Conclusions and future trends
3.7 Acknowledgements
Chapter 4: Recycled polymers in natural fibre-reinforced polymer composites
Abstract:
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Fibre reinforcements in recycled composites
4.3 Processes for adding natural fibre reinforcements to composites
4.4 Improving the mechanical properties of recycled composites using natural fibre reinforcements
4.5 Applications of recycled polymer composites with natural fibre reinforcements
4.6 Conclusions and future trends
4.8 Appendix: abbreviations
Chapter 5: Electrospun cellulosic fibre-reinforced composite materials
Abstract:
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Electrospinning of non-derivatised and derivatised cellulosic fibres
5.3 Electrospun cellulosic fibres via polymer blends
5.4 Electrospun nanocomposite fibres
5.5 Mechanical properties of electrospun fibres and mats
5.6 Cellulose nanofibre-reinforced polymer composites
5.7 Future trends
Part II: Processing of natural fibre composites
Chapter 6: Ethical practices in the processing of green composites
Abstract:
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Social impact and ethical practice
6.3 Case study: Waste for Life waste management model
6.4 Conclusions
Chapter 7: Manufacturing methods for natural fibre composites
Abstract:
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Fibre reinforcements
7.3 Reinforcement forms
7.4 Bio-based polymer matrices
7.5 Composites manufacturing processes
7.6 Key parameters for successful processing of natural fibre composites
7.7 Manufacturing techniques for natural fibre-reinforced polymer matrix composites
7.8 Case studies: automotive, building and construction, and marine applications
7.9 Conclusions
Chapter 8: Compression and injection molding techniques for natural fiber composites
Abstract:
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Emerging compression and injection molding technologies in the production of natural fiber composites
8.3 Processing natural fiber composites at high temperatures
8.4 Conclusions
Chapter 9: Thermoset matrix natural fibre-reinforced composites
Abstract:
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Natural fibres used in thermoset matrix composites
9.3 Thermoset matrix types
9.4 Fabrication of thermoset matrix composites
9.5 Mechanical properties of synthetic resin composites
9.6 Bioderived resin composites
9.7 Applications of thermoset matrix natural fibre composites
9.8 Future trends
Part III: Testing and properties
Chapter 10: Non-destructive testing (NDT) of natural fibre composites: acoustic emission technique
Abstract:
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Using the acoustic emission (AE) technique in practice
10.3 Assessing results
10.4 Applications of AE
10.5 Future trends
10.6 Conclusions
10.7 Sources of further information and advice
Chapter 11: High strain rate testing of natural fiber composites
Abstract:
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Materials
11.3 Test methods
11.4 Results and discussion
11.5 Applications and future trends
11.6 Acknowledgments
Chapter 12: Performance of natural fiber composites under dynamic loading
Abstract:
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Natural fibers and natural fiber composites
12.3 Dynamic properties of natural fiber composites
12.4 Dynamic mechanical testing of natural fiber composites
12.5 Testing in practice: the example of pultruded natural fiber reinforced composites
12.6 Dynamic testing of composites
12.7 Performance of natural fiber reinforced composites under dynamic loading
12.8 Future trends
12.9 Acknowledgments
Chapter 13: The response of natural fibre composites to impact damage: a case study
Abstract:
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Mechanical characterization
13.3 Specimen preparation
13.4 Charpy impact test
13.5 Experimental results
13.6 Conclusion
Chapter 14: Natural fibre composites in a marine environment
Abstract:
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Properties and environmental impact of natural versus synthetic fibres
14.3 Natural fibre composites (NFCs) and moisture uptake
14.4 Geometrical considerations for plant fibres in NFCs
14.5 Marine applications of plant fibre composites
14.6 Conclusions and future trends
14.7 Sources of further information and advice
Index
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Hodzic, Alma
Alma Hodzic is Professor of Advanced Materials Technologies and Research Director of Advanced Manufacturing Institute at The University of Sheffield, UK.
Shanks, Robert
Robert Shanks is Emeritus Professor of Polymer Science, School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
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