Platform Chemical Biorefinery: Future Green Chemistry provides information on three different aspects of platform chemical biorefinery. The book first presents a basic introduction to the industry beneficial for university students, then provides engineering details of existing or potential platform chemical biorefinery processes helpful to technical staff of biorefineries. Finally, the book presents a critical review of the entire platform chemical biorefinery process, including extensive global biorefinery practices and their potential environmental and market-related consequences.
Platform chemicals are building blocks of different valuable chemicals. The book evaluates the possibility of renewable feedstock-based platform chemical production and the fundamental challenges associated with this objective. Thus, the book is a useful reference for both academic readers and industry technical workers. The book guides the research community working in the field of platform chemical biorefinery to develop new pathways and technologies in combination with their market value and desirability.
- Offers comprehensive coverage of platform chemicals biorefineries, recent advances and technology developments, potential issues for preventing commercialization, and solutions
- Discusses existing technologies for platform chemicals production, highlighting benefits as well their possible adverse effects on the environment and food security
- Includes a global market analysis of platform chemicals and outlines industry opportunities
- Serves as a useful reference for both academic readers and industry technical workers
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1. Platform chemicals- significance and need
2. Biorefinery- general overview
3. Petroleum versus biorefinery based platform chemicals
4. Life cycle analysis of potential substrates of sustainable biorefinery
5. Propylene glycol
an industrially important C3 platform chemical
6. 3-hydroxypropanoic acid production from renewable resources and its commercial significance
7. Butyric acid
a platform chemical for biofuel and high value biochemicals
8. Fumaric acid
biotechnological production of the platform chemical by Rhizopus oryzae
9. Malic and succinic acid
potential C4 platform chemicals for polymer and biodegradable plastic production
10. Potential application of renewable itaconic acid for the synthesis of 3-methyltetrahydrofuran
11. Production of renewable C5 platform chemicals and potential applications
12. Sorbitol production from biomass and its global market
13. Sugar derived industrially important C6 platform chemicals
14. Production of drop in and novel bio-based platform chemicals
15. Platform chemicals and pharmaceutical industries
16. Biorefinery and possible deforestation
17. Biorefinery and possible negative impact on food market
18. Algal biorefinery for high value platform chemicals
19. Animal fat and vegetable oil based platform chemical biorefinery
20. Platform chemical biorefinery and agro-industrial waste management
21. Integrated biorefinery for food, feed and platform chemicals
22. Integrated biorefinery for bioenergy and platform chemicals
23. Microbiology of platform chemical biorefinery and metabolic engineering
24. Enzymes in platform chemical biorefinery
25. Process design and optimization for platform chemical biorefinery
26. Case studies on industrial production of renewable platform chemicals
Dr. S. K. Brar is Associate Professor at Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (Eau, Terre et Environnement, INRS-ETE), Québec, Canada. She graduated in Master's in Organic Chemistry from National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India with Master's in Technology in Environmental Sciences and Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai, India and a Ph.D. in Environmental Biotechnology from INRS, Quebec, Canada in 2007. After a short post-doctoral fellowship at McGill University, she started her career as Assistant Professor at INRS-ETE. She is leading the research group on the Bioprocessing and Nano-Enzyme Formulation Facility (BANEFF) at INRS-ETE. Her research interests lie in the development of finished products (formulations) of wastewater and wastewater sludge based value-added bioproducts, such as enzymes, organic acids, platform chemicals, biocontrol agents, biopesticides, butanol and biohydrogen. She is also interested in the fate of endocrine disrupter compounds, pharmaceuticals, nanoparticles and other toxic organic compounds during value-addition of wastewater and wastewater sludge in turn finding suitable biological detoxification technologies. The facility has so far led to the successful supervision of 20 PhD students, 6 Master's students and 6 postdoctoral students. She has collaborative programmes with several industries in Canada and researchers from Argentina, Spain, Chile, Switzerland, France, Vietnam, China, USA, India, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Morocco, Tunisia and Ivory Coast. Dr. Brar is a recipient of the ASCE State-of-the-Art of Civil Engineering award (2007) for her article titled, "Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes - A Review," which was published in the Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic & Radioactive Waste Management - Special issue on Bioremediation. She has also received the Rudolf gold medal (2008) for her originality of the article published in Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic & Radioactive Waste Management. Recently, in 2014, she has been elected as member of The College of New Scholars, Artists and Scientists of the Royal Society of Canada in recognition for the emerging generation of Canadian intellectual leadership and outstanding performance in her field of environmental biotechnology. She was recently named as the "YWCA women in science excellence award. She is on the editorial board of Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology Journal and associate editor of Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste (ASCE). She has won several accolades throughout her professional career including the outstanding young scientist in India in 2002 (during her short stint at Defense Research and Development Organization) and several others. She has more than 230 research publications which include five books, 40 book chapters, 125 original research papers, 60 research communications in international and national conferences and has registered 2 patents to her credit.
Jyoti Sarma, Saurabh
Saurabh Jyoti Sarma is a researcher at INRS-ETE, Canada, and has completed his Ph.D. from the same institute. He is one of the associate editors of "Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering, an international journal of Springer. He is also a guest editor of "Biofuels (Special issue: Biorefinery for fuels and platform chemicals), an international journal published by Tailors & Francis. Before joining INRS-ETE he had received a research fellowship from DST, government of India and for nearly 3 years he had worked as a research fellow at IIT Guwahati, India. He is a recipient of prestigious merit scholarship for foreign students (FQRNT) offered by Government of Canada; postdoctoral research fellowship of University of Calgary, Canada; doctoral research fellowship of INRS-ETE, Canada; supplementary grant for doctoral study from CRIQ, Canada as well as travel grant (Brazil) offered by ministry of international relation, Quebec, Canada. His expertise includes pilot scale (2000 l) fermentation, pilot scale ultrafiltration and nano-spray drying technology, preparation and characterization of nanoparticles for biorefinery and environmental uses, designing and application of microbial electrolysis/electro-synthesis cells for biofuel such as hydrogen and biobutanol production, and solid state fermentation for enzyme production. Including research articles, book chapters and journal editorials, he has about 64 publications.
Kannan Pakshirajan is a Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India. He researches on biological removal of heavy metals and xeonobiotics such as phenolics, dyes, polycyclic aromatic compounds, perchlorate, etc. from contaminated water, air and soil, and resource recovery, mainly biofuels, from waste materials. He is a recipient of many awards and honours, which include besides others Hiyoshi Young Leaf Award, BOYSCAST Fellowship (by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India), Indian National Science Academy (INSA) Award for Young Scientist, National Academy of Sciences India (NASI) Young Scientist Award, Bioresource Technology Journal Top Reviewer Award (by Elsevier Publications). He has authored and co-authored over 90 peer-reviewed journal publications, produced seven PhDs and currently guides nine PhD students.