Decision Neuroscience addresses fundamental questions about how the brain makes perceptual, value-based, and more complex decisions in non-social and social contexts. This book presents compelling neuroimaging, electrophysiological, lesional, and neurocomputational models in combination with hormonal and genetic approaches, which have led to a clearer understanding of the neural mechanisms behind how the brain makes decisions. The five parts of the book address distinct but inter-related topics and are designed to serve both as classroom introductions to major subareas in decision neuroscience and as advanced syntheses of all that has been accomplished in the last decade.
Part I is devoted to anatomical, neurophysiological, pharmacological, and optogenetics animal studies on reinforcement-guided decision making, such as the representation of instructions, expectations, and outcomes; the updating of action values; and the evaluation process guiding choices between prospective rewards. Part II covers the topic of the neural representations of motivation, perceptual decision making, and value-based decision making in humans, combining neurcomputational models and brain imaging studies. Part III focuses on the rapidly developing field of social decision neuroscience, integrating recent mechanistic understanding of social decisions in both non-human primates and humans. Part IV covers clinical aspects involving disorders of decision making that link together basic research areas including systems, cognitive, and clinical neuroscience; this part examines dysfunctions of decision making in neurological and psychiatric disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, behavioral addictions, and focal brain lesions. Part V focuses on the roles of various hormones (cortisol, oxytocin, ghrelin/leptine) and genes that underlie inter-individual differences observed with stress, food choices, and social decision-making processes. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in decision making neuroscience.
With contributions that are forward-looking assessments of the current and future issues faced by researchers, Decision Neuroscience is essential reading for anyone interested in decision-making neuroscience.
- Provides comprehensive coverage of approaches to studying individual and social decision neuroscience, including primate neurophysiology, brain imaging in healthy humans and in various disorders, and genetic and hormonal influences on decision making
- Covers multiple levels of analysis, from molecular mechanisms to neural-systems dynamics and computational models of how we make choices
- Discusses clinical implications of process dysfunctions, including schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, eating disorders, drug addiction, and pathological gambling
- Features chapters from top international researchers in the field and full-color presentation throughout with numerous illustrations to highlight key concepts
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Part I. Animal Studies on Rewards, Punishments, and Decision-Making
Chapter 1. Anatomy and Connectivity of the Reward Circuit
Chapter 2. Electrophysiological Correlates of Reward Processing in Dopamine Neurons
Chapter 3. Appetitive and Aversive Systems in the Amygdala
Chapter 4. Ventral Striatopallidal Pathways Involved in Appetitive and Aversive Motivational Processes
Chapter 5. Reward and Decision Encoding in Basal Ganglia: Insights From Optogenetics and Viral Tracing Studies in Rodents
Chapter 6. The Learning and Motivational Processes Controlling Goal-Directed Action and Their Neural Bases
Chapter 7. Impulsivity, Risky Choice, and Impulse Control Disorders: Animal Models
Chapter 8. Prefrontal Cortex in Decision-Making: The Perception-Action Cycle
Part II. Human Studies on Motivation, Perceptual, and Value-Based Decision-Making
Chapter 9. Reward, Value, and Salience
Chapter 10. Computational Principles of Value Coding in the Brain
Chapter 11. Spatiotemporal Characteristics and Modulators of Perceptual Decision-Making in the Human Brain
Chapter 12. Perceptual Decision-Making: What Do We Know, and What Do We Not Know?
Chapter 13. Neural Circuit Mechanisms of Value-Based Decision-Making and Reinforcement Learning
Part III. Social Decision Neuroscience
Chapter 14. Social Decision-Making in Nonhuman Primates
Chapter 15. Organization of the Social Brain in Macaques and Humans
Chapter 16. The Neural Bases of Social Influence on Valuation and Behavior
Chapter 17. Social Dominance Representations in the Human Brain
Chapter 18. Reinforcement Learning and Strategic Reasoning During Social Decision-Making
Chapter 19. Neural Control of Social Decisions: Causal Evidence From Brain Stimulation Studies
Chapter 20. The Neuroscience of Compassion and Empathy and Their Link to Prosocial Motivation and Behavior
Part IV. Human Clinical Studies Involving Dysfunctions of Reward and Decision-Making Processes
Chapter 21. Can Models of Reinforcement Learning Help Us to Understand Symptoms of Schizophrenia?
Chapter 22. The Neuropsychology of Decision-Making: A View From the Frontal Lobes
Chapter 23. Opponent Brain Systems for Reward and Punishment Learning: Causal Evidence From Drug and Lesion Studies in Humans
Chapter 24. Decision-Making and Impulse Control Disorders in Parkinson's Disease
Chapter 25. The Subthalamic Nucleus in Impulsivity
Chapter 26. Decision-Making in Anxiety and Its Disorders
Chapter 27. Decision-Making in Gambling Disorder: Understanding Behavioral Addictions
Part V. Genetic and Hormonal Influences on Motivation and Social Behavior
Chapter 28. Decision-Making in Fish: Genetics and Social Behavior
Chapter 29. Imaging Genetics in Humans: Major Depressive Disorder and Decision-Making
Chapter 30. Time-Dependent Shifts in Neural Systems Supporting Decision-Making Under Stress
Chapter 31. Oxytocin's Influence on Social Decision-Making
Chapter 32. Appetite as Motivated Choice: Hormonal and Environmental Influences
Chapter 33. Perspectives
Dr Jean-Claude Dreher (research director, CNRS, http://dreherteam.cnc.isc.cnrs.fr/en/). Dr Dreher is the director of the Neuroeconomics, Reward and Decision making team at the 'Centre de Neurosciences Cognitives' (Lyon, France). He studied Mathematics, psychopathology and Cognitive Neuroscience in Paris. The general approach of his research group is to characterize the brain mechanisms underlying motivation and decision making in healthy subjects and to study neurological and psychiatric disorders in which these mechanisms are dysfunctional. He received two Fellow Awards for Research Excellence at the NIH. He is the author of around 40 research papers and the editor of the 'Handbook of Reward and Decision Making' (Academic PRess, Elsevier, 2009). His research has been highlighted in major scientific journals (Nature Reviews Neuroscience, PNAS, TiCS) and featured in a international media (newspapers, radio and TV programs).