Introduction to Electric Power and Drive Systems. IEEE Press Series on Power Engineering

  • ID: 3769529
  • Book
  • 256 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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An introduction to the analysis of electric machines, power electronic circuits, electric drive performance, and power systems

This book provides students with the basic physical concepts and analysis tools needed for subsequent coursework in electric power and drive systems with a focus on Tesla′s rotating magnetic field. Organized in a flexible format, it allows instructors to select material as needed to fit their school′s power program. The first chapter covers the fundamental concepts and analytical methods that are common to power and electric drive systems. The subsequent chapters offer introductory analyses specific to electric machines, power electronic circuits, drive system performance and simulation, and power systems. In addition, this book:

  • Provides students with an analytical base on which to build in advanced follow–on courses
  • Examines fundamental power conversions (dc–dc, ac–dc and dc–ac), harmonics, and distortion
  • Describes the dynamic computer simulation of a brushless dc drive to illustrate its performance with both a sinusoidal inverter voltage approximation and more realistic stator six–step drive applied voltages
  • Includes in–chapter and end–of–chapter problems as well as numerous worked examples to help readers review and understand each topic.
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ABOUT THE AUTHORS ix

PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENT xi

CHAPTER 1 BASIC CONCEPTS 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Phasor Analysis and Power Calculations 1

Power and Reactive Power 5

1.3 Elementary Magnetic Circuits 8

Field Energy and Coenergy 13

1.4 Stationary Coupled Circuits 16

Magnetically Linear Transformer 16

Field Energy 20

1.5 Coupled Circuits in Relative Motion 22

Field Energy 25

1.6 Electromagnetic Force and Torque 26

1.7 Elementary Electromechanical Device 32

1.8 Two– and Three–Phase Systems 35

Two–Phase Systems 35

Three–Phase Systems 37

References 40

Problems 40

CHAPTER 2 ELECTRIC MACHINES 43

2.1 Introduction 43

2.2 Fundamentals of Electric Machine Analysis 44

Concentrated Winding 44

Distributed Windings 47

Rotating Air–Gap MMF Tesla s Rotating Magnetic Field 52

Two–Pole Two–Phase Stator 52

Three–Phase Stator 56

P–Pole Machines 58

Machine Inductances 62

2.3 Two–Phase Permanent–Magnet AC Machine 63

2.4 Analysis of a Two–Phase Permanent–Magnet AC Machine 69

Transformation 70

Steady–State Analysis 77

2.5 Three–Phase Permanent–Magnet AC Machine 81

Voltage Equations and Winding Inductances 82

Torque 83

The qsr–, dsr–, and 0s– Equations 84

References 89

Problems 89

CHAPTER 3 POWER ELECTRONICS 91

3.1 Introduction 91

3.2 Switching–Circuit Fundamentals 91

Power Conversion Principles 92

Fourier Analysis 95

Switches and Switching Functions 97

Energy Storage Elements 101

3.3 DC–DC Conversion 103

Buck Converter 104

Boost Converter 113

Advanced Circuit Topologies 118

3.4 AC–DC Conversion 118

Half–Wave Rectifier 118

Full–Wave Rectifier 125

3.5 DC–AC Conversion 133

Single–Phase Inverter 133

Three–Phase Inverter 136

3.6 Harmonics and Distortion 144

References 147

Problems 147

CHAPTER 4 PERFORMANCE AND SIMULATION OF AN ELECTRIC DRIVE 149

4.1 Introduction 149

4.2 Operating Modes of a Brushless DC Motor 149

Brushless DC Motor Operation with = 0 150

Maximum Torque Per Volt Operation of a Brushless DC Motor ( = MT¨MV ) 155

Maximum Torque Per Ampere Operation of a Brushless DC Motor ( = MT¨MA) 160

4.3 Operation of a Brushless DC Drive 164

Operation of Brushless DC Drive with = 0 166

Operation of Brushless DC Drive with = MT¨MV 170

Operation of Brushless DC Drive with = MT¨MA 172

Modes of Control of a Brushless DC Drive 174

4.4 Simulation of a Brushless DC Drive 180

Simulation of Coupled Circuits 180

Simulation of Drive Inverter and Transformation 181

Simulation of Permanent–Magnet AC Machine 183

References 186

Problems 186

CHAPTER 5 POWER SYSTEMS 187

5.1 Introduction 187

5.2 Three–Phase Transformer Connections 187

Wye–Wye Connection 188

Delta–Delta Connection 190

Wye–Delta or Delta–Wye Connection 191

Ideal Transformers 192

5.3 Synchronous Generator 193

Damper Windings 198

Torque 198

Steady–State Operation and Rotor Angle 198

5.4 Reactive Power and Power Factor Correction 204

5.5 Per Unit System 209

Per Unitizing the Synchronous Generator 210

5.6 Discussion of Transient Stability 215

Three–Phase Fault 215

References 220

Problems 220

APPENDIXA TRIGONOMETRIC RELATIONS, CONSTANTS AND CONVERSION FACTORS, AND ABBREVIATIONS 221

APPENDIX B WINDING INDUCTANCES 225

APPENDIXC ANIMATIONS 229

INDEX 231

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Paul Krause
Oleg Wasynczuk
Timothy O′Connell
Maher Hasan
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