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Metabolism and Pathophysiology of Bariatric Surgery

  • ID: 3769845
  • Book
  • 684 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Pathophysiology of Bariatric Surgery: Metabolism, Nutrition, Procedures, Outcomes and Adverse Effects uses a metabolic and nutritional theme to explain the complex interrelationships between obesity and metabolic profiles before and after bariatric surgery. The book is sectioned into seven distinct areas, Features of Obesity, Surgical Procedures, Nutritional Aspects, Metabolic Aspects, Diabetes, Insulin Resistance and Glucose Control, Cardiovascular and Physiological Effects, and Psychological and Behavioral Effects. Included is coverage on the various types of bariatric surgery, including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy, biliopancreatic diversion, and jejunoileal bypass, as well as the variations upon these procedures.

  • Provides information on diet, nutrition, surgical procedures, outcomes, and side effects in relation to bariatric surgery in one comprehensive text
  • Contains a Dictionary of Terms, Key Facts, and Summary Points in each chapter
  • Includes access to a companion website with accompanying videos

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Section I: Features of Obesity and Strategies for Weight Loss 1. Obesity and Cardiac Failure: Pathophysiology, Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Management 2. Obesity and Adipose Tissue Microvascular Dysfunction 3. Ghrelin-Producing Cells in Stomachs: Implications for Weight Reduction Surgery 4. Asthma in Obesity and Diabetes: Novel Mechanisms and Effects of Bariatric Surgery 5. Percutaneous Electrical Neurostimulation of Dermatome T6 to Reduce Appetite 6. The Management of Obesity: An Overview

Section II: Surgical and Postsurgical Procedures 7. Why Patients Select Weight Loss Bariatric Surgery 8. Best Practices for Bariatric Procedures in an Accredited Surgical Center 9. Anesthesia for Bariatric Surgery 10. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass 11. Omega Loop Gastric Bypass 12. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy 13. Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding 14. Biliopancreatic Diversion 15. Endoluminal Procedures for the Treatment and Management of Bariatric Patients 16. Intragastric Balloon for the Treatment of Morbid Obesity 17. Jejunoileal Bypass: Physiologic Ramifications of an Obsolete Procedure That Has Resurfaced in Oncologic Surgery 18. Pediatric Bariatric Surgery 19. Pregnancy After Bariatric Surgery 20. Mortality Rate and Long-Term Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery 21. Critical Care After Bariatric Surgery

Section III: Safety and Outcomes 22. An Overview of the Safety of Bariatric Surgery 23. Safety of Bariatric Surgery in Adolescents 24. Mortality in Bariatric Surgery: A Focus on Prediction 25. Comparing Weight Loss in Three Bariatric Procedures: Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, Vertical Banded Gastroplasty, and Gastric Banding 26. Metabolic Predictors of Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery 27. Long-Term Weight Loss Results After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy 28. Gastric Band Slippage as an Adverse Event 29. Leaks and Fistulas After Bariatric Surgery 30. Gastric Leaks and Use of Endoscopic Internal Drainage With Enteral Nutrition 31. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Hiatal Hernia in Bariatric Procedures

Section IV: Metabolism, Endocrinology and Organ Systems 32. Endoscopic Treatments for Obesity-Related Metabolic Diseases 33. Sleeve Gastrectomy: Mechanisms of Weight Loss and Diabetes Improvements 34. Postprandial Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia in Bariatric Surgery 35. Bariatric Surgery Improves Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus 36. Weight Loss Surgery and the Surrogate Insulin Resistance Markers HOMA, TyG, and TG/HDL-c in Relation to Metabolic Syndrome 37. Cancer and Bariatric Surgery 38. Upper Gastrointestinal Diseases Before and After Bariatric Surgery 39. Hematological Disorders Following Bariatric Surgery 40. Enteric Hyperoxaluria, Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis, and Oxalate Nephropathy After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass 41. Thyroid Hormone Homeostasis in Weight Loss and Implications for Bariatric Surgery 42. The Ghrelin-Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Axis After Sleeve Gastrectomy 43. PNPLA3 Variant p.I148M and Bariatric Surgery

Section V: Nutritional Aspects 44. Dietary Reference Values 45. Meal Disposal After Bariatric Surgery 46. Underreporting of Energy Intake and Bariatric Surgery 47. Control Eating Following Bariatric Surgery 48. Dietary Planning in Bariatric Surgery Postoperative 49. Protein Nutrition and Status and Bariatric Surgery 50. Micronutrient Deficiencies and Sleeve Gastrectomy for Weight Reduction 51. Thiamine (Vitamin B1) After Weight Loss Bariatric Surgery 52. Vitamin A and Roux-EN-Y Gastric Bypass 53. Iron and Bariatric Surgery

Section VI: Cardiovascular, Body Composition, and Physiological Aspects 54. Long-Term Cardiovascular Risks in Bariatric Surgery 55. QT Interval After Bariatric Surgery 56. Plasma Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids After Weight Loss Surgery 57. Bariatric Procedures and Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry 58. Factors Associated with Metabolic Bone Disorders and Its Complications After Bariatric Surgery 59. Gait Patterns After Bariatric Surgery

Section VII: Psychological and Behavioral Aspects 60. Preoperative Psychosocial Assessment for the Bariatric Patient 61. Neurocognitive Factors Associated With Obesity, Obesity-Related Disorders, and Bariatric Surgery 62. Temperament and Outcome of Bariatric Surgery for Severe Obesity 63. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Bariatric Surgery Patients 64. Does Body Dysmorphic Disorder Have Implications for Bariatric Surgery? 65. Issues Surrounding the Relationship Between Sexual Function and Bariatric Surgery 66. Depression and Intragastric Balloon Treatment

Section VIII: Resources 67. Recommended Resources on Metabolism and Physiology of Bariatric Surgery

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Preedy, Victor R.
Victor R. Preedy BSc, PhD, DSc, FRSB, FRSPH, FRCPath, FRSC is a staff member of the Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine within King's College London. He is also a member of the Division of Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences (research) and the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics (teaching). Professor Preedy is also Director of the Genomics Centre of King's College London.

Professor Preedy graduated in 1974 with an Honours Degree in Biology and Physiology with Pharmacology. He gained his University of London PhD in 1981. In 1992, he received his Membership of the Royal College of Pathologists and in 1993 he gained his second doctorate (DSc), for his outstanding contribution to protein metabolism in health and disease. Professor Preedy was elected as a Fellow to the Institute of Biology in 1995 and to the Royal College of Pathologists in 2000. Since then he has been elected as a Fellow to the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health (2004) and The Royal Institute of Public Health (2004). In 2009, Professor Preedy became a Fellow of the Royal Society for Public Health and in 2012 a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry. Professor Preedy has carried out research when attached to Imperial College London, The School of Pharmacy (now part of University College London) and the MRC Centre at Northwick Park Hospital. He has collaborated with research groups in Finland, Japan, Australia, USA and Germany. Prof Preedy is a leading expert on the science of health and has a long standing interest in neurological disease and tissue pathology. He has lectured nationally and internationally. To his credit, Professor Preedy has published over 600 articles, which includes peer-reviewed manuscripts based on original research, abstracts and symposium presentations, reviews and numerous books and volumes.
Rajendram, Rajkumar
Dr Rajkumar Rajendram is a clinician scientist who has a focus is on anaesthesia, intensive care and peri-operative medicine. Dr Rajendram graduated in 2001 with a distinction from Guy's, King's and St. Thomas Medical School, in London. As an undergraduate he was awarded several prizes, merits and distinctions in pre-clinical and clinical subjects.

Dr Rajendram began his post-graduate medical training in general medicine and intensive care in Oxford. He attained membership of the Royal College of Physicians (MRCP) in 2004 and completed specialist training in acute and general medicine in Oxford in 2010. Dr Rajendram also trained in anaesthesia and intensive care in London and became a fellow of the Royal College of Anaesthetists (FRCA) in 2009. He has completed advanced training in regional anaesthesia and intensive care. He became a fellow of the Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine (FFICM) in 2013 and obtained the European diploma of intensive care medicine (EDIC) in 2014.

Dr Rajendram returned to Oxford as a Consultant in Acute General Medicine at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford before moving to the Royal Free London Hospitals as a Consultant in Intensive Care, Anaesthesia and Peri-operative Medicine. He is currently a Consultant in Internal Medicine at King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Heath Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Dr Rajendram recognises that nutritional support is a fundamental aspect of medical care. As a clinician scientist he has therefore devoted significant time and effort into nutritional science research and education. He is a visiting lecturer in the Nutritional Sciences Research Division of King's College London and has published over 100 textbook chapters, review articles, peer-reviewed papers and abstracts.
Martin, Colin R.
Colin R. Martin RN BSc MSc MBA PhD YCAP FHEA CPsychol CSci AFBPsS is Professor of Perinatal Mental Health within the Institute of Clinical and Applied Health Research (ICAHR) at the University of Hull, UK. Professor Martin is also lead for the Maternal and Reproductive Health (MaRH) research group at the University of Hull. Professor Martin is a Registered Nurse, Chartered Health Psychologist and a Chartered Scientist. Beyond the mental health focus of much of his research he also trained in analytical biochemistry publishing papers on a broad range of biological substrates of relevance to mental health including the neurotransmitter serotonin, the relationship between amino acid biosynthesis and mood, and the Vitamin B complex. He has published or has in press well over 250 research papers and book chapters. He has an enduring interest in the relationship between brain and behaviour in the context of health and disease. He is a keen book author and editor having written and/or edited several books all of which reflect his diverse academic and clinical interests that examine in-depth, the interface between the brain, mental health and physical wellbeing. These outputs include the Handbook of Behavior, Food and Nutrition (2011), Scientific Basis of Healthcare: AIDS and Pregnancy (2012), Perinatal Mental Health: A Clinical Guide (2012), Nanomedicine and the Nervous System (2012), and the major reference works Comprehensive Guide to Autism (2014), Diet and Nutrition in Dementia and Cognitive Decline (2015), Comprehensive Guide to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (2016), Metabolism and Pathophysiology of Bariatric Surgery: Nutrition, Procedures, Outcomes and Adverse Effects (2017) and Probiotics in Mental Health (2018).

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