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India Oil & Gas Retail Market Opportunity Outlook 2025

  • ID: 3775358
  • Report
  • July 2016
  • Region: India
  • 75 Pages
  • Kuick Research


  • Cairn Energy India
  • GAIL India Limited
  • Oil India Limited
  • Petronet LNG
India’s primary energy demand is going to rise sharply in at least next two decades due to its favorable conditions for economic progress - India economy is likely to cross US$ 3 Trillion mark by 2020 from US$ 2.1 Trillion now. Despite its ambitious push for renewable energy technologies, a major portion of India’s future energy demand will be met by hydrocarbon based energy resources due to technical and commercial advantages. In order to cut down its carbon emissions intensity of GDP, India is now emphasizing more on oil and gas than high carbon-intensive coal based technologies. Between oil and gas, India’s policy is focusing on greater usage of natural gas due to its low emission-intensity. All the segments of oil and gas sector is likely to grow at healthy rate due to massive investment potential including the downstream sector particularly marketing and retailing sector which is going to be biggest gainer.

India’s recent policy reforms in oil and gas sector are going to impact all the segments viz. exploration, production, refining and retailing but due to the already favorable market conditions, retailing is likely to be emerge more attractive segment for investment. In last five years India has stopped regulating prices of all petroleum products except LPG and Kerosene and has open the market as per international crude oil price. Analyzing the domestic consumption and exports of the five major petroleum or gas based products - petrol, diesel, ATF, LPG and CNG suggest the increasing attractiveness of domestic market for these products. Hence quite naturally oil and gas companies in India are focusing more on domestic market than exports. Consumption of petrol - one of the most commonly used fuels in transport sector, has been growing at an annual growth rate of more than 10% in last three fiscal terms showing the reasons for decline in exports at more than 6% annual rate in the same period.

Consumption of diesel, another most important fuel for India’s vast public transportation system has moderate growth rate of 7.5% year-on-year basis in last three fiscal terms. After decontrolling the difference between the retail prices of petrol and diesel has narrowed down. There are restrictions imposed on certain class of diesel vehicles due to environmental concerns. Hence the consumption of diesel still occupies the maximum share in consumption of all the petroleum products, had the lowest growth rate among major petroleum products. But with the rapid growth in economy and hence rising income level, India’s automobile sector is also likely to grow rapidly. Therefore all the estimates show India’s petrol demand is projected to grow twice the current level by 2025. On the other hand, despite relatively slow growth rate, India’s diesel consumption is also going to rise till any considerable time. The prices of both the products being directly linked to international market, it is easy to get the cognizance of domestic market for the global investors.

LPG is still one of the price sensitive petroleum products in India and its price continues to be subsidized. But the way subsidies getting provided are much more rationalized and scope of subsidies has also been curtailed. Besides, a parallel market of LPG has evolved, controlled by private players to sell LPG cylinders at market rates for both domestic and non-domestic purposes. The recent trend in the policies indicates that within a decade or even less the scope of subsidies will be cut further.

ATF is another petroleum product having impact on Indian economy as aviation industry being totally dependent on it. It is first petroleum product for which pricing was deregulated more than a decade ago in 2002. Considering the growth in Indian aviation industry in last few years and sensing the bright future growth opportunity, some of the international oil and gas majors including BP energy have already entered into India’s domestic ATF retail market and some others also have shown interest. India is projected to be third largest aviation market in world with three-fold increase in air passengers by 2025 thus pushing India’s ATF demand two-fold. In order to take the opportunity of that huge market, ATF retail market will see more international oil and gas firms in the queue to invest in India.

India has specifically mentioned its growing focus on natural gas in the coming years by enhancing share of natural gas in primary energy consumption to more than 20% by 2025 from 10% now. Though most of the increased demand of natural gas will come from power and fertilizer industry, the use of CNG is very likely to go up considerably in next five years’ time. As CNG is being considered as cleanest alternative among the hydrocarbon based fuels, transport sector in the coming years will see more growth in CNG enabled vehicles than petrol and diesel ones. Compliances against running of diesel vehicles in many parts of the country also going to work in favour of CNG demand. In order to cater the rising demand of CNG, number of CNG filling stations in India is going to increase by more than four times in next five years. In addition to the existing companies in retailing of CNG, more investment is very likely in the coming years to cash in on the rising demand and limited number of existing players.

“India Oil & Gas Retail Market Opportunity Outlook 2025” Report Highlights:

- India Oil & Gas Sector Overview
- India Oil & Gas Sector Indicators
- Petrol, CNG, LPG, Diesel & ATF Retail Market Scenario
- Current & Future Consumption Trends
- Pricing Analysis & Tax Structure
- India Oil & Gas Regulatory & Policy Framework
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown


  • Cairn Energy India
  • GAIL India Limited
  • Oil India Limited
  • Petronet LNG
1. India Oil & Gas Sector Overview

2. India Oil & Gas Sector Indicators
2.1 Oil
2.1.1 Reserves
2.1.2 Production
2.2 Natural Gas
2.2.1 Reserves
2.2.2 Production

3. India Oil & Gas Trade
3.1 Import
3.2 Exports

4. Petrol Retail Market Scenario
4.1 Current Consumption
4.2 Projected Consumption
4.3 Pricing Analysis

5. Diesel Retail Market Scenario
5.1 Current Consumption
5.2 Projected Consumption
5.3 Pricing Analysis

6. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Retail Market Scenario
6.1 Current Consumption
6.2 Future Consumption
6.3 Pricing Analysis

7. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Retail Market Scenario
7.1 Current Consumption
7.2 Projected Consumption
7.3 Pricing Analysis

8. Aviation Turbine Fuel (ATF) Market Scenario
8.1 Current Consumption
8.2 Projected Consumption
8.3 Pricing Analysis

9. India Oil & Gas Sector Regulatory Framework

10. India Oil & Gas Sector Policy Framework
10.1 Hydrocarbon Exploration & Licensing Policy (HELP)
10.2 FDI in Oil & Gas Sector
10.3 Decontrolling of Prices & Rationalization of Subsidies
10.4 Focus on Natural Gas
10.5 Northeast Hydrocarbon Plan

11. India Oil & Gas Sector Future Outlook

12. Competitive Landscape
12.1 Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
12.2 Oil and Natural & Corporation (ONGC)
12.3 Oil India Limited
12.4 Cairn Energy India
12.5 GAIL India Limited
12.6 Petronet LNG
12.7 Reliance Industries Limited

13. India Oil & Gas Retail Market Report Conclusion

List of Figures:
Figure 1-1: India - Primary Energy Consumption by Fuel (%), 2014
Figure 1-2: India - Conventional Energy Consumption by Sector (%), 2014
Figure 2-1: India - Total Crude Oil Reserves (Million Tons), 2010-15
Figure 2-2: India - Onshore & Offshore Oil Reserves (Million Tons), 2010-15
Figure 2-3: India - Oil Reserves by Fields (%), 2015
Figure 2-4: India - Crude Oil Production (Million Tons), FY’11- FY’16
Figure 2-5: India - Crude Oil Production by Area (%), FY’15
Figure 2-6: India - Crude Oil Production by Company (%), FY’12 & FY’15
Figure 2-7: India - Natural Gas Reserves (BCM), 2010-15
Figure 2-8: India - Onshore & Offshore Natural Gas Reserves (BCM), 2010-15
Figure 2-9: India - Natural Gas Reserves by Gas Fields (%), 2015
Figure 2-10: India - Natural Gas Production (MMSCM), FY’11 - FY’16
Figure 2-11: India - Natural Gas Production by Areas (%), FY’15
Figure 3-1: India - Crude Oil Imports (Million Tons), FY’11- FY’16
Figure 3-2: India - Petroleum Products Imports (‘000 Tons), FY’11- FY’16
Figure 3-3: India - LNG Imports (MMSCM), FY’10 - FY’16
Figure 3-4: India - Petroleum Products Exports (Million Tons), FY’11- FY’16
Figure 3-5: India- Petroleum Exports by Products (%), FY’16
Figure 4-1: India - Petrol Consumption (Million Tons), FY’11- FY’16
Figure 4-2: India - Petrol Retail Consumption by Automobile Class (%), 2013
Figure 4-3: India: Projected Crude Oil Demand (Million Barrels per Day), 2025, 2030 & 2040
Figure 4-4: India - Projected Petrol Demand (Million Tons), FY'17, FY'20, FY'22 & FY'25
Figure 4-5: India - Petrol Retail Prices in Delhi, FY'16
Figure 5-1: India - Diesel Retail Consumption by Sectors (%), 2013
Figure 5-2: India - Diesel (HSDO) Consumption (Million Tons), FY'11 - FY'16
Figure 5-3: India - Projected Demand of Diesel ('000 Tons), FY'17, FY'20, FY'22 & FY'25
Figure 5-4: India - Diesel Retail Prices in Delhi, FY'16
Figure 6-1: India - CNG Retail Consumption ('000 Tons), FY'13 - FY16*
Figure 6-2: India - CNG Consumption in States as per Retail Sales (%), FY’16*
Figure 6-3: India - CNG Filling Stations by State, September 2015
Figure 6-4: India - Natural Gas Demand Projection (MMSCMD), FY'22, FY'27 & FY'30
Figure 6-5: India - Natural Gas Demand Projection by Sector (%), FY’2030
Figure 6-6: India - Project CNG Demand ('000 Tons), FY'17, FY'20 & FY'25
Figure 6-7: India - Share of Natural Gas in Primary Energy Mix (%), 2025
Figure 6-8: India - CNG Retail Prices (per kg) in Delhi, FY'16
Figure 7-1: India - LPG Consumption (Million Tons), FY’10 - FY’16
Figure 7-2: India - LPG Consumption by End User ('000 Tons), FY'14 - FY'16
Figure 7-3: India - Projected LPG Demand (Million Tons), FY'17, FY'19, FY'22 & FY’25
Figure 7-4: India - Subsidized Domestic LPG* Prices in Delhi, 2010-16
Figure 8-1: India - ATF Consumption (Million Tons), FY'11 - FY'16
Figure 8-2: India - Projected Demand for ATF ('000 Tons), FY'18, FY'22 & FY'25
Figure 8-3: India - ATF Prices in Delhi for Domestic Airlines, FY'15 & FY'16
Figure 8-4: India - ATF Prices in Delhi for International Airlines, FY15 & FY'16
Figure 9-1: India - Oil & Gas Regulatory Framework
Figure 10-1: India - FDI in Oil & Gas (Million US$), FY'13 - FY'16*
Figure 11-1: India - Target for Reducing Energy Imports (%), 2020-30
Figure 12-1: India - Number of Retail Outlets by Company, April’2015

List of Tables:
Table 4-1: India - Existing Petrol Prices (per Litre) in Major Cities
Table 4-2: India - Value Added Tax on Petrol by State
Table 5-1: India - State Level Value Added Tax on Diesel Retail Sale
Table 5-2: India - Diesel Retail Prices (per Litre) in Major Cities
Table 7-1: India - Prices of Domestic LPG
Table 7-2: India - Retail Prices Of Non-subsidized Domestic LPG
Table 7-3: India - Price of Non-domestic LPG
Table 8-1: India - Current ATF Prices (per Kilolitre) For Domestic Airlines
Table 8-2: India - Current ATF Prices (per Kilolitre) For International Airlines
Table 8-3: India - Value Added Tax on ATF for Domestic Airlines by State
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
- Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
- Oil and Natural & Corporation (ONGC)
- Oil India Limited
- Cairn Energy India
- GAIL India Limited
- Petronet LNG
- Reliance Industries Limited

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown