Power Sector Report Volume 3: T&D - Transmission and Distribution - Infrastructure, Capex, Equipment Markets

  • ID: 3788061
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 307 Pages
  • StatPlan Energy Ltd
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A Comprehensive Analysis of the Infrastructure, Capex And Markets of the T&D Sector
The power sector is composed of the entities which generate, transport and distribute electricity to consumers. The generating sector consists of the electrical utility industry, other utilities, industry and commerce which generate and consume electricity.

The “wires” industry consist of the transmission and distribution companies which transport and distribute the electricity from generators to consumers. Altogether, the power sector is colossal, the global infrastructure is enormous and the financial resources required correspondingly large.

41% of final electricity consumption is by industry, 23% by commerce and 28% is residential and the balance by public services and railways.

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Executive Summary

The Power Sector Report

The Structure of this Report

1.Introduction to the Power Sector
The Scale of the Power Sector
The Participants in the Power Sector

2.The Elements of An Electrical Network

3.Utility Sectors

4.The Use of Electricity By Sector

5.The Historical Development of Transmission And Distribution Networks

6.Transmission And Distribution Line Lengths By Country

7.Annual Demand for T&D Lines, Additions And Replacement

8.Distributed Power

9.Network Voltages
Global Transmission And Distribution Voltages
Europe
Cis
Middle East
North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Asia Pacific
North America
Latin America

10.Capital Expenditure

11.T&D Capex

12.Regional And National Equipment Markets
T&D Plant, United States
T&D Plant, Europe
T&D Plant, France
T&D Plant, Germany
T&D Plant, Italy
T&D Plant, Spain
T&D Plant, United Kingdom
T&D Plant, Cis
T&D Plant, Russia
T&D Plant, Asia Pacific
T&D Plant, Japan
T&D Plant, China
T&D Plant, India
T&D Plant, Southeast Asia
T&D Plant, Middle East
T&D Plant, Africa
T&D Plant, Latin America
T&D Plant, Brazil

13.Sales of T&D Equipment By Region
The Total T&D Equipment Market
Vendors
Transformers
Switchgear
Circuit Breakers
Circuit Protectors
Surge Arresters
Distribution Panels
Fusegear
Switches
Disconnectors
Protection Relays
Lightning Arresters
Isolators
Energy Cable - Insulated And Uninsulated Conductors
Insulators And Bushings, Spacers And Dampers
Spacers And Dampers
Hvdc
Ac Filters for Hvdc
Steel Towers
Poles of Wood, Concrete, Steel And Composite
Pole-Top Assemblies
Meters
Utility Automation

14.The Value Chain - from Materials to Capex
The Value Chain at 6 Levels

15.Price Trends And Factors Driving Prices
Price Trends
Ppi - Producer Price Index
Industry
Production Capacity
Manufacturing Input Cost Composition

16.Land-Based Underground Cables - Hv, Mv & Lv

17.The Submarine Cable Market- Offshore Wind Power, Oil & Gas

18.Advanced Technology, Superconductors

19.N-1 Standard, N-2, 2N, Redundancy And Replacement
Network Failure
Transformer Failure
Industrial Reliability
Network Reliability
N-1 And the Networks
Contingency Planning for Network Failure
Electricity Distribution

20.Electrification
The Impact of Increased Electrification On Future Markets
Electrical Goods And Aspirations: the Household Electrification Wheel
Factors Driving the Increase in Numbers of Electrical Connections

21.Currents, Circuits And Phases
Currents - Ac And Dc
Circuits

Methodology
Market Sizing And Bottom Up Forecasting
The Sanity Check And Validation

Figures

Figure 1: the Uk Electrical Power Transmission And Distribution System
Figure 2: the Global Utility Landscape
Figure 3: Industry Uses of Different Energy Sources in the Us
Figure 4: Energy Use By Type of Industry in the Us (All Types of Energy)
Figure 5: % of Total Machine Drive Electricity Used in Manufacturing in the Us
Figure 6: Machine Drive Electricity Use As a % of Total Delivered Energy Use By Each Industry in the Us
Figure 7: World Transmission And Distribution Lines N Circuit Km, Development from 1900 to 2015
Figure 8: Transmission Line Lengths for Major Countries, 1900 to 2015
Figure 9: Distribution Line Lengths for Major Countries, 1900 to 2015
Figure 10: Installed Transmission Lines And Annual Additions ‘000 Km, 1900 to 2050
Figure 11: Installed Distribution Lines And Annual Additions ‘000 Km, 1900 to 2050
Figure 12: Annual Demand, New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in ‘000 Km, 1900-20
Figure 13: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in ‘000 Km, 1900 to 2050
Figure 14: Composition of the Retail Cost of Electricity
Figure 15: Global Transmission Lines By Voltage, Km, 2014
Figure 16: Global Distribution Lines By Voltage, Km, 2014
Figure 17: Distribution Voltages in Europe (Eu 27)
Figure 18: Total Global Capital Expenditure On Generation, Transmission And Distribution, Nominal $ Billion 2000 to 2020
Figure 19: Comparison of Expenditure On Generation, Transmission And Distribution in Real ($2015) And Nominal Values, 2000 to 2020
Figure 20: Global Capital Expenditure Broken By Generation, Transmission And Distribution, Nominal $ Billion, 2000 to 2020
Figure 21: Total Capex in Generation, Transmission & Distribution 200-2010 Compared With 2010-20
Figure 22: Total Capital Expenditure On Generation, Transmission And Distribution By Region in 2016
Figure 23: Total Capital Expenditure On Generation, Transmission And Distribution By Region And Year, Nominal $ Billion, 2000, 2010 And 2020
Figure 24: Composition of Global Capital Expenditure Generation, Transmission And Distribution, 2015
Figure 25: Where Circuit Breakers Are Used in Electricity Systems
Figure 26: Commodity Price Index 1996 to 2016
Figure 27: Industrial Metals Prices 2007 to 2016
Figure 28: Labour Compensation Cost, Including Direct Pay, Social Insurance Expenditures, And Labour-Related Taxes (Us = 100).
Figure 29: Labour Costs Including Wages And Salaries, Social Insurance And Labour-Related Taxes
Figure 30: Minimum Wages in China in Yuan Per Month 1995 to 2012
Figure 31: Underground Cable As a Percent of the Total Network in European Countries
Figure 32: Underground Cable As a Percent of the Total Network in Cis Countries
Figure 33: Underground Cable As a Percent of the Total Network in Mena Countries
Figure 34: Underground Cable As a Percent of the Total Network in Asia Pacific Countries
Figure 35: Underground Cable As a Percent of the Total Network in Pacific Countries
Figure 36: Percent of Population in Urban Areas, 1960-2010 By Region
Figure 37: Market Shares of Different Offshore Segments
Figure 38: Undersea Communications Cables Linking the World
Figure 39: a High Voltage Substation With Four Transformers, Three Active And One Redundant
Figure 40: Additions of Electrified Households Between 2015 And 2050 By Region
Figure 41: Countries With Greatest Population Declines By 2050
Figure 42: the Household Electrification Wheel
Figure 43: Population Growth % in Each Decade By Region
Figure 44: Average Household Size, World, 1900 to 2050
Figure 45: World Electrification - % of Households With Electricity, 1900-2050
Figure 46: World Electrification - Number of Households With And Without Electricity, 1900-2050
Figure 47: Share of People Without Electricity Access for Developing Countries, 2008
Figure 48: Regional Totals of Electrified Households 2010 to 2050
Figure 49: Selected Major Countries - % of Households With Electricity, 1900-2050
Figure 50: Single Phase Power
Figure 51: Three Phase Power
Figure 52: the Composition of Annual Demand for Capacity, New Plus Replacement

Tables
Table 1: Ownership of Assets in the Power Sector By Owner Type
Table 2: the World’S Electrical Utility Landscape
Table 3: Transmission Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Europe
Table 4: Distribution Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Europe
Table 5: Transmission Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Cis
Table 6: Distribution Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Cis
Table 7: Transmission Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Mena
Table 8: Distribution Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Mena
Table 9: Transmission Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Sub-Saharan Africa
Table 10: Distribution Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Sub-Saharan Africa
Table 11: Transmission Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Asia
Table 12: Distribution Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Asia
Table 13: Transmission Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Pacific
Table 14: Distribution Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Pacific
Table 15: Transmission Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, North America
Table 16: Distribution Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, North America
Table 17: Transmission Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Latin America
Table 18: Distribution Line Lengths in Ckm, 1980 to 2030, Latin America
Table 19: New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in Ckm, 2016 to 2035, World
Table 20: Total Demand for Transmission Lines in Ckm, 2016 to 2050, World
Table 21: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in Ckm, 2016 to 2035, World
Table 22: Total Demand for Distribution Lines in Ckm, 2016 to 2050, World
Table 23: New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Europe
Table 24: Total New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Europe
Table 25: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Europe
Table 26: Total New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Europe
Table 27: New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Cis
Table 28: Total New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Cis
Table 29: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Cis
Table 30: Total New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Cis
Table 31: New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Mena
Table 32: Total New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Mena
Table 33: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Mena
Table 34: Total New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Mena
Table 35: New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Sub-Saharan Africa
Table 36: Total New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Sub-Saharan Africa
Table 37: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Sub-Saharan Africa
Table 38: Total New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Sub-Saharan Africa
Table 39: New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Asia
Table 40: Total New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Asia
Table 41: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Asia
Table 42: Total New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Asia
Table 43: New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Pacific
Table 44: Total New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Pacific
Table 45: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Pacific
Table 46: Total New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Pacific
Table 47: New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, North America
Table 48: Total New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, North America
Table 49: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, North America
Table 50: Total New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, North America
Table 51: New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, Latin America
Table 52: Total New And Replacement Demand for Transmission Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Latin America
Table 53: New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km, 2015 to 2030, the Americas
Table 54: Total New And Replacement Demand for Distribution Lines in 5 Year Segments By Country in Km And % of Replacement, 2015 to 2050, Americas
Table 55: Global Transmission Lines By Voltage, Km, 2014
Table 56: Global Distribution Lines By Voltage, Km, 2014
Table 57: Albania Transmission And Distribution
Table 58: Austria Transmission And Distribution
Table 59: Baltics Transmission And Distribution
Table 60: Belgium Transmission And Distribution
Table 61: Bosnia & Herzegovina Transmission And Distribution
Table 62: Bulgaria Transmission And Distribution
Table 63: Croatia Transmission And Distribution
Table 64: Cyprus Transmission And Distribution
Table 65: Czech Republic Transmission And Distribution
Table 66: Denmark Transmission And Distribution
Table 67: Finland Transmission And Distribution
Table 68: France Transmission And Distribution
Table 69: Germany Transmission And Distribution
Table 70: Greece Transmission And Distribution
Table 71: Hungary Transmission And Distribution
Table 72: Iceland Transmission And Distribution
Table 73: Ireland Transmission And Distribution
Table 74: Italy Transmission And Distribution
Table 75: Luxembourg Transmission And Distribution
Table 76: Macedonia Transmission And Distribution
Table 77: Malta Transmission And Distribution
Table 78: Netherlands Transmission And Distribution
Table 79: Norway Transmission And Distribution
Table 80: Poland Transmission And Distribution
Table 81: Portugal Transmission And Distribution
Table 82: Romania Transmission And Distribution
Table 83: Serbia Transmission And Distribution
Table 84: Slovakia Transmission And Distribution
Table 85: Slovenia Transmission And Distribution
Table 86: Spain Transmission And Distribution
Table 87: Sweden Transmission And Distribution
Table 88: Switzerland Transmission And Distribution
Table 89: Turkey Transmission And Distribution
Table 90: United Kingdom Transmission And Distribution
Table 91: Armenia Transmission And Distribution
Table 92: Azerbaijan Transmission And Distribution
Table 93: Belarus Transmission And Distribution
Table 94: Georgia Transmission And Distribution
Table 95: Kazakhstan Transmission And Distribution
Table 96: Kyrgyzstan Transmission And Distribution
Table 97: Moldova Transmission And Distribution
Table 98: Russia Transmission And Distribution
Table 99: Tajikistan Transmission And Distribution
Table 100: Turkmenistan Transmission And Distribution
Table 101: Ukraine Transmission And Distribution
Table 102: Uzbekistan Transmission And Distribution
Table 103: Bahrain Transmission And Distribution
Table 104: Iran Transmission And Distribution
Table 105: Iraq Transmission
Table 106: Israel Transmission And Distribution
Table 107: Jordan Transmission And Distribution
Table 108: Kuwait Transmission And Distribution
Table 109: Lebanon Transmission
Table 110: Oman: Transmission
Table 111: Qatar Transmission
Table 112: Saudi Arabia Transmission And Distribution
Table 113: Syria Transmission And Distribution
Table 114: United Arab Republic Transmission
Table 115: Yemen Transmission And Distribution
Table 116: Algeria Transmission And Distribution
Table 117: Egypt Transmission And Distribution
Table 118: Libya Transmission And Distribution
Table 119: Morocco Transmission And Distribution
Table 120: Sudan Transmission And Distribution
Table 121: Tunisia Transmission And Distribution
Table 122: Angola Transmission
Table 123: Benin Transmission And Distribution
Table 124: Burkina Faso Transmission And Distribution
Table 125: Cameroon Transmission And Distribution
Table 126: Central African Republic Transmission And Distribution
Table 127: Cote D’Ivoire Transmission And Distribution
Table 128: Djibouti Transmission And Distribution
Table 130: Ethiopia Transmission And Distribution
Table 131: the Gambia Transmission And Distribution
Table 132: Ghana Transmission And Distribution
Table 133: Guinea Bissau Transmission And Distribution
Table 134: Guinea Equatorial Transmission
Table 135: Kenya Transmission And Distribution
Table 136: Lesotho Transmission And Distribution
Table 137: Liberia Transmission And Distribution
Table 138: Madagascar Transmission And Distribution
Table 139: Malawi Transmission
Table 140: Mauritius Transmission And Distribution
Table 141: Mozambique Transmission And Distribution
Table 143: Namibia Transmission And Distribution
Table 144: Nigeria Transmission And Distribution
Table 145: Rwanda Transmission
Table 146: Senegal Transmission And Distribution
Table 147: Seychelles Transmission
Table 148: South Africa Transmission And Distribution
Table 149: Tanzania Transmission
Table 150: Togo Distribution
Table 151: Uganda Transmission And Distribution
Table 152: Zambia Transmission And Distribution
Table 153: Zimbabwe Transmission And Distribution
Table 154: Afghanistan Transmission And Distribution
Table 155: Bangladesh Transmission And Distribution
Table 156: Bhutan Transmission And Distribution
Table 157: Cambodia Transmission And Distribution
Table 158: China Transmission And Distribution
Table 159: India Transmission And Distribution
Table 160: Indonesia Transmission And Distribution
Table 161: Japan Transmission And Distribution
Table 162: South Korea Transmission And Distribution
Table 163: Laos Transmission And Distribution
Table 164: Malaysia Transmission And Distribution
Table 165: Maldives Transmission And Distribution
Table 166: Myanmar Transmission And Distribution
Table 167: Nepal Transmission
Table 168: Pakistan Transmission And Distribution
Table 169: Philippines Transmission And Distribution
Table 170: Sri Lanka Transmission And Distribution
Table 171: Singapore Transmission And Distribution
Table 172: Taiwan Transmission And Distribution
Table 173: Thailand Transmission And Distribution
Table 174: Vietnam Transmission And Distribution
Table 175: United States Transmission And Distribution
Table 176: Canada Transmission
Table 177: Mexico Transmission And Distribution
Table 178: Antigua Transmission And Distribution
Table 179: Argentina Transmission And Distribution
Table 180: Bahamas Transmission And Distribution
Table 181: Bolivia Transmission
Table 182: Brazil Transmission And Distribution
Table 183: Cayman Islands Distribution
Table 184: Chile Transmission
Table 185: Columbia Transmission
Table 186: Costa Rica Transmission And Distribution
Table 187: Dominican Republic Transmission
Table 188: Ecuador Transmission
Table 189: El Salvador Transmission And Distribution
Table 190: Guatemala Transmission
Table 191: Jamaica Transmission And Distribution
Table 192: Nicaragua Transmission And Distribution
Table 193: Panama Transmission And Distribution
Table 194: Paraguay Transmission And Distribution
Table 195: Peru Transmission
Table 196: Puerto Rico Transmission And Distribution
Table 197: Uruguay Transmission
Table 198: Venezuela Transmission
Table 199: World - T&D Capex By Technology, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 200: Usa - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 201: Europe - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 202: France - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 203: Germany - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 204: Italy - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 205: Spain - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 206: United Kingdom - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 207: Cis - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 208: Russia- T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 209: Asia Pacific - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 210: Japan - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 211: China - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 212: India - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 213: Southeast Asia - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 214: Middle East - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 215: Africa - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 216: Lac - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 217: Brazil - T&D Capex, Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 218: Global T&D Equipment Sales By Category in $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 219: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, World, 2000-20
Table 220: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, World, 2000-20
Table 221: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, World, 2000-20
Table 222: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, World, 2000-20
Table 223: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Usa, 2000-20
Table 224: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Usa, 2000-20
Table 225: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Usa, 2000-20
Table 226: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Usa, 2000-20
Table 227: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Europe, 2000-20
Table 228: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Europe, 2000-20
Table 229: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Europe, 2000-20
Table 230: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Europe, 2000-20
Table 231: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, France, 2000-20
Table 232: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, France, 2000-20
Table 233: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, France, 2000-20
Table 234: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, France, 2000-20
Table 235: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Germany, 2000-20
Table 236: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Germany, 2000-20
Table 237: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Germany, 2000-20
Table 238: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Germany, 2000-20
Table 239: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Italy, 2000-20
Table 240: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Italy, 2000-20
Table 241: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Italy, 2000-20
Table 242: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Italy, 2000-20
Table 243: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Spain, 2000-20
Table 244: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Spain, 2000-20
Table 245: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Spain, 2000-20
Table 246: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Spain, 2000-20
Table 247: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Uk, 2000-20
Table 248: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Uk, 2000-20
Table 249: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Uk, 2000-20
Table 250: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Uk, 2000-20
Table 251: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Cis, 2000-20
Table 252: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Cis, 2000-20
Table 253: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Cis, 2000-20
Table 254: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Cis, 2000-20
Table 255: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Russia, 2000-20
Table 256: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Russia, 2000-20
Table 257: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Russia, 2000-20
Table 258: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Russia, 2000-20
Table 259: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Asia Pacific, 2000-20
Table 260: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Asia Pacific, 2000-20
Table 261: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price, Nominal $ Million, Asia Pacific, 2000-20
Table 262: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price, Nominal $ Million, Asia Pacific, 2000-20
Table 263: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Japan, 2000-20
Table 264: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Japan, 2000-20
Table 265: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Japan, 2000-20
Table 266: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Japan, 2000-20
Table 267: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, China, 2000-20
Table 268: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, China, 2000-20
Table 269: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, China, 2000-20
Table 270: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, China, 2000-20
Table 271: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, India, 2000-20
Table 272: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, India, 2000-20
Table 273: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, India, 2000-20
Table 274: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, India, 2000-20
Table 275: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Se Asia, 2000-20
Table 276: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Se Asia, 2000-20
Table 277: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Se Asia, 2000-20
Table 278: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Se Asia, 2000-20
Table 279: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Middle East, 2000-20
Table 280: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Middle East, 2000-20
Table 281: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Me, 2000-20
Table 282: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Middle East, 2000-20
Table 283: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Africa, 2000-20
Table 284: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Africa, 2000-20
Table 285: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Africa, 2000-20
Table 286: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Africa, 2000-20
Table 287: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Lac, 2000-20
Table 288: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Lac, 2000-20
Table 289: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Lac, 2000-20
Table 290: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Lac, 2000-20
Table 291: Transmission Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Brazil, 2000-20
Table 292: Distribution Equipment Cost in Nominal $ Million, at Purchase Price, at Installed Cost And % Share of Capex, Brazil, 2000-20
Table 293: Transmission Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Brazil, 2000-20
Table 294: Distribution Equipment Cost at Purchase Price in Nominal $ Million, Brazil, 2000-20
Table 295: Sales of Transmission Equipment at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 296: Sales of Distribution Equipment at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 297: Overall T&D Market Leaders
Table 298: Sales of Power Transformers at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 299: Sales of Distribution Transformers at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 300: Transformer Manufacturers Market Shares
Table 301: Voltage Levels in Switchgear Categories
Table 302: Sales of Hv Circuit Breakers at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 303: Sales of Mv Circuit Breakers at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 304: Sales of Transmission Circuit Protectors at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 305: Sales of Distribution Circuit Protectors at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 306: Sales of at Transmission Surge Arresters Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 307: Sales of at Distribution Surge Arresters Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 308: Sales of Distribution Panels at Purchase Price By Region And Country In
Table 309: Sales of Air Core Reactors for Transmission at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 310: Sales of Air Core Reactors for Distribution at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 311: Sales of Transmission Fusegear at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 312: Sales of Distribution Fusegear at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 313: Sales of Transmission Switches at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 314: Sales of Distribution Switches at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 315: Sales of Disconnectors for Transmission at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 316: Sales of Disconnectors for Distribution at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 317: Sales of Protection Relays for Transmission at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 318: Sales of Protection Relays for Distribution at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 319: Sales of Lightning Arresters for Transmission at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 320: Sales of Lightning Arresters for Distribution at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 321: Sales of Isolators for Transmission at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 322: Sales of Isolators for Distribution at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 323: Switchgear Market Shares, 2015
Table 324: Cable Types
Table 325: Sales of Hv Insulated Cable Including Hv Subsea Cable at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 326: Sales of Mv And Lv Insulated Cable Including Mv Subsea Cable at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 327: Sales of Hv Bare Condutors at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 328: Sales of Mv And Lv Bare Condutors at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 329: the Top Global Cable Manufacturers By Industry
Table 330: Cable Manufacturers Global Market Shares By Country
Table 331: Sales of Hv Insulators And Bushings at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 332: Sales of Mv And Lv Insulators And Bushings at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 333: Sales of Hv Spacers And Dampers at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 334: Sales of Mv Spacers And Dampers at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 335: Number of Hvdc Installations
Table 336: Sales of Hvdc Capacitors at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 337: Sales of Ac Filters at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 338: Hvdc Vendors Share By Mw Capacity
Table 339: Sales of Steel Transmission Towers at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 340: Sales of Steel Primary Distribution Towers at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 341: Sales of Sub-Transmission Poles at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 342: Sales of Distribution Poles at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 343: Sales of Pole-Top Assemblies Excluding Insulators for Sub-Transmission Poles at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 344: Sales of Pole-Top Assemblies Excluding Insulators for Distribution Poles at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 345: Sales of Grid, Commercial And Industrial Meters at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 346: Sales of Residential Meters at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 347: Sales of Hv Smart Grid Technology for Transmission Networks at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 348: Sales of Mv Smart Grid Technology for Distribution Networks at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 349: Sales of Automation Technology for Transmission Networks at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 350: Sales of Distribution Automation Including Scada at Purchase Price By Region And Country in Nominal $ Million, 2000 to 2020
Table 351: Global Meter Market Shares 2015
Table 352: Costs And Mark-Up from Bill of Materials to Capex
Table 353: Prices of Copper And Aluminium 1960-2014
Table 354: Manufacturers of Subsea Power Cable And Communications Cable
Table 355: Installed Superconductors
Table 356: Superconductor Manufacturers
Table 357: Electrification in North America - % of Households With Access to Electricity, 1950 to 2050
Table 358: Electrification in Europe - % of Households With Access to Electricity, 1950 to 2050
Table 359: Electrification in the Cis - % of Households With Access to Electricity, 1950 to 2050
Table 360: Electrification in Mena - % of Households With Access to Electricity, 1950 to 2050
Table 361: Electrification in S-S Africa - % of Households With Access to Electricity, 1950 to 2050
Table 362: Electrification in Asia - % of Households With Access to Electricity, 1950 to 2050
Table 363: Electrification in the Pacific - % of Households With Access to Electricity, 1950 to 2050
Table 364: Electrification in Latin America - % of Households With Access to Electricity, 1950 to 2050
Table 365: Products And Technologies Used in Generating Plants
Table 366: Products And Technologies Used in Transmission
Table 367: Products And Technologies Used in Distribution
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Chapter Outline:

1. Introduction To The Power Sector: The scale of the power sector is outlined as an introduction, in capacity and $ with commentary on its composition by the constituent sectors - generation, transmission and distribution.

2. The Elements Of An Electrical Network: The transmission and distribution networks transport and deliver electricity from generators to consumers. To accomplish this they transform it up and down to different voltage levels, with step-up and step-down transformers. In the T&D industry, power and distribution transformers are probably the major single component of equipment, except for the cables through which electricity is transmitted and distributed, and they are the most costly single item. Transformers are needed at all stages in an electrical supply system when the voltage level changes.

3. Utility Sectors: The 135,000 electricity, gas and water & waste utilities are shown regionally on a global map and the 11,000 electrical utilties are analyased by region and major country, with a breakdown of public/private ownership. A table summarises the elecrical utility sector in every country.

4. The Use Of Electricity By Sector: Use by end-sector, with further analysis by type of industrial use and purpose of use.

5. The Historical Development Of Transmission And Distribution Networks: A brief history of the development of the electricity power systems from their earliest start to the present day.

6. Transmission And Distribution Line Lengths By Country: Growth of the transmission and distribution networks is charted globally from 1900 to 2015. Installed transmission and distribution line lengths are tabulated at 10 year intervals from 1980 to 2030 in the PDF report and annually in the Excel database. This analysis is provided globally, regionally and for 216 countries.

7. Annual Demand For T&D Lines, Additions And Replacement: Global installed line lengths and annual demand for T&D lines is charted annually from 1900 to 2015 and forecast to 2050. Demand is analysed by new and replacement installations globally, by regions and for 216 countries, in five year segments from 2016-2020 to 2031-2035. Demand is also shown with replacement as a % of total demand.

8. Distributed Power: The status of distributed power is outlined together with captive power, cogeneration and “hidden power”, together with analyssi of the impact on the retail costs of electricity.

9. Network Voltages: The global network base for transmission is analysed by region in four voltaeg groups - 35-89 kV, 90-199 kV, 200-329 kV, =300 kV, and subsea. Distribution is analysed by region and four groups - MV OH, MV UG, LV OH, LV UG and subsea. Transmission and distribution are not defined by voltage but by function and there are considerable variations around the world as to the point of hand-over. A table demonstrates the substantial differences in Europe. This chapter contains 141 tables analysing voltage levels for as many countries.

10. Capital Expenditure: Capex is plotted globally from 2000 to 2015 and forecast to 2020, with analysis by segment; generation, transmission and distribution.

11. T&D Capex: Transmission and distribution capex is plotted for the world, 7 regions and 11 major countries, at eight intervals in the PDF for 1990, 2000 and annually from 2015 to 2020 - and in the Excel database annually from 1980 to 2020.

12. Regional And National Equipment Markets By Products: Each regional and national market for T&D equipment is analysed by product, tabulated by product in nominal values in the PDF from 1990, 2000 and annually from 2015 to 2020 - and in the Excel database annually from 1980 to 2020 for the world. Products include transformers, switchgear, circuit breakers, circuit protectors, surge arresters, distribution panels, fusegear, switches, disconnectors, protection relays, lightning arresters, isolators, energy cable - insulated and uninsulated conductors, insulators and bushings, spacers and dampers, HVDC, AC filters for HVDC, steel towers, poles of wood, concrete, steel and composite, pole-top assemblies, meters and utility automation.

13. Sales Of T&D Equipment By Region: Each product market is tabulated by region and country, for the world, 7 regions and 11 major countries for the following products; transformers, switchgear, circuit breakers, circuit protectors, surge arresters, distribution panels, fusegear, switches, disconnectors, protection relays, lightning arresters, isolators, energy cable - insulated and uninsulated conductors, insulators and bushings, spacers and dampers, HVDC, AC filters for HVDC, steel towers, poles of wood, concrete, steel and composite, pole-top assemblies, meters and utility automation. Vendor shares or rankings are provided for the individual category/product sections have marketing and technical commentary, with. Where availabel these have been supplemented with extracts from dedicated StatPlan product marketing reports, with higher levels of detail.

14. The Value Chain - From Materials To Capex: The cost of any product can be measured at various stages, from being a piece of unworked metal, to its installation in working order and finally as a share of capital expenditure. Different price levels apply through the supply chain, and the point of interest in the chain depends on the business to which the value is being applied. The report analyses the value chain at 6 levels, from BOM (bill of materials) to capex, with all mark-ups included. In using the market information in this and other reports it is essential to specifiy which point in the value chain is being used. Capex can be 2½ times the factory gate price, over 3 times manufacturing cost and 5 times materials cost.

15. Price Trends And Factors Driving Prices: In recent years the prices of electrotechnical products have been voltile due to variations in many factors which affect them. Price trends are reviewed with commentary on PPI - Producer Price Index, industry trends, production capacity, and the manufacturing input cost composition.

16. Land-Based Underground Cables - HV, MV & LV: Insulated underground land cables are not the most profitable segment of the power cable market nor the one with the highest long term growth prospects but together with bare conductors it has the most stable demand. EHV is the most profitable segment reflecting increased profitability with more advanced technology. There is steady and increasing demand for insulated MV and LV cable in the utility sector, driven by growing utility transmission expansion, undergrounding due to urbanisation. All voltage levels are used in the industrial sector, from HV in heavy industry such as steel manufacture and milling, down to a myriad of LV applications in the residential, commercial and automotive sectors. This chapter contains charts of the incidence of underground insulated cable use by voltage in major countries. And examines drivers, high costs and the impact of urbanisation.

17. The Submarine Cable Market- Offshore Wind Power, Oil & Gas: Submarine cable is a premium growth market. The technical barriers to entry are relatively high and order backlogs are solid. These cables also achieve margins of 15-20% EBITDA which are significantly higher than the average for the cable industry. Over the last five years a number of developments have created demand for submarine cable. The technology and market issues are explored in this chapter.

18. Advanced Technology, Superconductors: Superconductors are materials that have no resistance to the flow of electricity; they are one of the last great frontiers of scientific discovery. Some materials, cooled below a material-specific temperature called “critical temperature” (Tc) undergo a phase transition into the superconducting state. Markets for superconducting wire are in many ways similar to early descriptions of the market for transistors. Today, transistors are ubiquitous, and are used in virtually every application that harnesses electricity. In a similar fashion, superconducting wire has market applications that are virtually limitless. The fundamental value proposition of superconducting wire is the elimination of electrical loss, along with its accompanying heat, resulting in the efficient transmission of vast amounts of electricity using materials and equipment that are a fraction of the size and weight required for conventional copper wire electrical cables and equipment. The technology, development and market status are explored in this chapter.

19. N-1 Standard, N-2, 2N, Redundancy And Replacement: Redundancy is a crucial consideration in infrastructure design and has major implications for market size calculations. The following factors are reviewed; the imapact of network failure, transformer failure, industrial reliability, network reliability, N-1 and the networks, contingency planning for network failure and electricity distribution.

20. Electrification: The impact of increased electrification on future markets is described with its advantages in terms of electrical goods and aspirations, which vary according to the sophistification of the electrical market in a country. Factors driving the increase in numbers of electrical connections are assessed with tables of electrifiction levels for every country, from 1950 to 2050.

21. Currents, Circuits And Phases: Currents - AC and DC, circuits, and an overview of infrastructure
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