A demographic revolution is underway. Across the world, the number of people aged over 65 is increasing: whereas the over 65s in the US make up 13 per cent of the population, this figure will double to 88.5 million by 2050; China s current ratio of 16 elderly people per 100 workers is set to double by 2025, then double again to 61 by 2050. Urban design, housing and other built provision all require rethinking and redeveloping to accommodate this ever expanding ageing population. The design of our urban centres will also need to be transformed to accommodate a more integrated way of living. Suburbia will need to be reshaped retrofitting, in order to redefine a new type of interstitial space. Accommodating a range of different age groups is about adapting places and spaces to their needs as much as adapting the city for different cultural groups. Can visionary architectural solutions play a key part in the provision by creating sustainable cities for the changing profile of the population, reducing models of dependency for care and transport, and offering opportunities for recreation, leisure and work? This issue of AD reflects on the forthcoming challenges that are to be posed globally in Europe, Australia, North America and Asia, while seeking out innovative responses to the problems at both practical and speculative levels. It includes international built case studies and competition–winning entries by practitioners and students.
- Contributors: Arup Global Foresight + Innovation; David Birbeck of Design for Homes; Edward Denison, Research Associate at University College London; Kathryn Firth of the London Legacy Development Corporation; Baroness Greengross, President of the International Longevity Centre–UK; Matthias Hollwich of HWKN; Jerry Maltz of AIANY Design for Aging; Richard Mazuch of IBI/Nightingale; architect Walter Menteth; author Jayne Merkel; architect, writer and researcher Terri Peters; Anjali Raje, Executive Director of International Longevity Centre–India and architect Radhika Vaidya; Robert Schmidt of the Adaptable Futures research group at Loughborough University; Sally Stewart of the Mackintosh School of Architecture; Mark Taylor of the University of Newcastle; and Katherine Wilkinson of RMIT.
- Featured architects: Amie Gross Architects, Arkitema, Dattner Architects, HWKN, Deborah Gans/Gans Studio, Henning Larsen Architects, JJW Architects, Michael Maltzan Architecture, nARCHITECTS, Nord Architects, PRP Architects and Yanmin Zhou.
EDITORIAL 5Helen Castle
ABOUT THE GUEST–EDITOR 6Lorraine Farrelly
INTRODUCTION: Redefining, Reinventing and Realigning Design for Demographic Change 8Lorraine Farrelly
Remember Who You Are Designing For : An Interview with Baroness Sally Greengross OBE 14Baroness Sally Greengross and Helen Castle
New Aging : Designing Architecture for All Ages 20Matthias Hollwich and Matthew Hoff man
Adapting to Global Change: Ageing, Urbanisation and Resilience 28Francesca Birks and Katherine Prater
Designing for a Lifetime in New York and Other US Cities 36Jerry Maltz, Christine Hunter, Eric Cohen and Susan Wright
Socially Inclusive Design in Denmark: The Maturing Landscape 46Terri Peters
Ageing in Suburbia: Designing for Demographic Change in Australia and New Zealand 54Mark Taylor and Laurie Buys
Housing for the Elderly: The Changing Scenario in India 60Radhika Vaidya and Anjali Raje
China s Concealed Crisis 68Edward Denison and Guang Yu Ren
Mediating Change: A Japanese Perspective on Adaptable Architecture 74Robert Schmidt III and Toru Eguchi
Redesigning Domesticity: Creating Homes for the Elderly 80Sally Stewart
Regeneration for All Generations: The Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park 88Kathryn Firth and Manisha Patel
Happy Meals : Finding Happiness with Hans Becker and the Humanitas Care Model 94David Birkbeck
Customised Care–Ready Living: A HAPPI–Inspired Design for Evolutionary Housing by Walter Menteth Wren Architects 102Walter Menteth
Sense–Sensitive Design for the Ageing 108Richard Mazuch
New Visions: Re–imagine Ageing RIBA Design Competition 2013 112Lorraine Farrelly
Wanted: Challenging Design Ideas for Ageing 122Katherine Wilkinson
Housing from 8 to 80: An 3 Ideas Project 126Lorraine Farrelly
COUNTERPOINT: Designing for an Earlier Age 136Jayne Merkel