Over the past decade, there has been a dramatic increase in large–scale land deals, often from public lands to the hands of foreign or domestic investors. Popularly referred to as a global land grab , new land acquisitions are drawing upon, restructuring and challenging the nature of both governance and government. While the state is often invoked as a key player in contemporary land deals, states do not necessarily operate coherently or with one voice.
This collection of essays brings clarity and understanding to the entity of the state , analyzing government and governance as processes, people and relationships. Focusing on relations of territory, sovereignty, authority and subjects, the essays in this collection explore the highly variable form and content of large–scale land deals in different settings around the world, illuminating both the micro–processes of transaction and expropriation, as well as the broader structural forces at play in global land deals. The authors do not assume a priori that there is a necessary character to land deals, rather they frame the deals themselves quite broadly, as embedded in complex multi–scalar webs of relationships shaped by power, property and production.
List of Contributors vii
1 Governing Global Land Deals: The Role of the State in the Rush for Land 1Wendy Wolford, Saturnino M. Borras Jr., Ruth Hall, Ian Scoones and Ben White
2 State Involvement, Land Grabbing and Counter–Insurgency in Colombia 23Jacobo Grajales
3 Road Mapping: Megaprojects and Land Grabs in the Northern Guatemalan Lowlands 45Liza Grandia
4 Land Regularization in Brazil and the Global Land Grab 71Gustavo de L.T. Oliveira
5 Negotiating Environmental Sovereignty in Costa Rica 93Dana J. Graef
6 Building the Politics Machine: Tools for Resolving the Global Land Grab 117Michael B. Dwyer
7 Indirect Dispossession: Domestic Power Imbalances and Foreign Access to Land in Mozambique 141Madeleine Fairbairn
8 Competition over Authority and Access: International Land Deals in Madagascar 163Perrine Burnod, Mathilde Gingembre and Rivo Andrianirina Ratsialonana
9 Regimes of Dispossession: From Steel Towns to Special Economic Zones 185Michael Levien
10 The Political Construction of Wasteland: Governmentality, Land Acquisition and Social Inequality in South India 211Jennifer Baka
11 Chinese Land–Based Interventions in Senegal 231Lila Buckley
12 Identity, Territory and Land Conflict in Brazil 253LaShandra Sullivan