At the end of the 20th century, Dubai attracted international media attention as the world sought to make sense of the city s extraordinary growth. Exuberant projects such as the Burj Arab, the Burj Khalifa and the Palm Islands attracted investment in dreams to transform the region. While the global financial crisis kept dreams from becoming reality, this issue of AD seeks to present a view of architecture and urbanism in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and other states in the wider Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) at a time when greater economic stability promises new beginnings. The issue presents examples of architecture that transcends preoccupation with fabricating images, and traces the process of making contemporary Gulf cities, from material tectonics to large–scale masterplans. By presenting the architecture of UAE and the Gulf within the context of broader regional developments and global trends, it highlights how projects in the UAE, Qatar, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia have contributed to unprecedented urban growth, while emphasising the continuing environmental challenges of building in the region. In addition to highlighting various sustainable initiatives intended to counteract these challenges, the issue also explores how computational design and new technologies are being innovatively employed to mitigate the impact of arid climates.
Contributors include: Ameena Ahmadi, Kelly Hutzell, Varkki Pallathucheril, Todd Reisz, Rami el Samahy, Terri Meyer Boake, Jeffrey Willis.
International architects: Foster + Partners, Frank Gehry, HOK, IM Pei, Legoretta + Legoretta, Jean Nouvelle, Reiser + Umemoto, Allies and Morrison.
Regional architects: AGi (Kuwait), DXB.lab (UAE), X Architects (UAE).
Editorial 05Helen Castle
About the Guest Editors 06George Katodrytis and Kevin Mitchell
Introduction: The Gulf Urbanisation 08George Katodrytis and Kevin Mitchell
Museum Development in the Gulf: Narrative and Architecture 20Sarina Wakefield
Cultural Exchange and Urban Appropriation: Space for Art in Sharjah s Historical Centre 26Mona El Mousfy and Sharmeen Syed
Design for the Future: Educational Institutions in the Gulf 38Kevin Mitchell
A City for Education 46Ameena Ahmadi
The Evolution of Tall Building in the Gulf 54: From the Sensational to the sensitive 54Terri Meyer Boake
Drawing on Sand: Cities in the Making 72Steven Velegrinis and George Katodrytis
Inexhaustible Ambition: Two Eras of Planning in Doha, Qatar 80Kelly Hutzell, Rami el Samahy and Adam Himes
New Hearts for Two Gulf Cities 92Varkki Pallathucheril
Future Flyovers: Duba in 1971 100Todd Reisz
Urban and Architectural Sustainability in the Gulf 106Robert Cooke
Fast Forwards: 10 Years of Sustainable Initiatives in the Gulf Region 114Jeffrey Willis
Performative Urbanism: An Emerging Model of the Gulf 120George Katodrytis
The Struggle for Integrity: Emerging Local Practices in the Gulf 128George Katodrytis and Kevin Mitchell
A Field of Possibilities: The Post–Oil Future and Bahrain 136Noura al Sayeh