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Material Synthesis. Fusing the Physical and the Computational. Architectural Design

  • ID: 3797258
  • Book
  • 136 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A new understanding of the material in architecture is fast emerging. Designers are no longer conceiving of the digital realm as separate from the physical world. Instead computation is being regarded as the key interface for material exploration and vice versa. This represents a significant perceptual shift in which the materiality of architecture is no longer seen to be a fixed property and passive receptor of form, but is transformed into an active generator of design and an adaptive agent of architectural performance. In stark contrast to previous linear and mechanistic modes of fabrication and construction, materialisation is now beginning to coexist with design as explorative robotic processes. This represents a radical departure from both the trite modernist emphasis on truth to materials and the dismissal of materials by the previous generation of digital architects.

The issue features designers, researchers and thinkers that are at the forefront of exploring new modes of material enquiry and its deep interrelationship with technology, biology and culture. Through their work, which unfolds from multifaceted alliances between the fields of design, engineering and natural sciences, it seeks to trace the emergence of a novel material culture in architecture.

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Editorial 05Helen Castle

About the Guest–Editor 06Achim Menges

Introduction Fusing the Computational and the Physical: Towards a Novel Material Culture 08Achim Menges

The New Materiality: Towards a Novel Material Culture 16Manuel DeLanda

The New Science of Form–Searching 22Mario Carpo

The New Cyber–Physical Making in Architecture: Computational Construction 28Achim Menges

Self–X materials and Structures in Nature and Technology: Bio–inspiration as a Driving Force for Technical Innocation 34Thomas Speck, Jan Knippers and Olga SpeckFibrous Tectonics 40Achim Menges and Jan KnippersICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2012: Coreless Filament Winding Based on the Morphological Principles of an Arthropod Exoskeleton 48Jan Knippers, Riccardo, La Magna, Achim Menges, Steffen Reichert, Tobias Schwinn,and  Frédéric Waimer

ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2013 14: Modular Coreless Filament Winding Based on Beetle Elytra 54Moritz Doerstelmann, Jan Knippers, Achim Menges, Stefana Parascho, Marshall Prado, and Tobias Schwinn

ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2014 15: Fibre Placement on a Pneumatic Body Based on a Water Spider Web 60Moritz Doerstelmann, Jan Knippers, Valentin Koslowski, Achim Menges, Marshall Prado, Gundula Schieber, Lauren Vasey

Performative Wood: Physically Programming the Responsive Architecture of the HygroScope and HygroSkin Projects 66Achim Menges and Steffen Reichert

Structural Stone Surfaces: New Compression Shells Inspired by the Past 74Philippe Block, Tom Van Mele and Matthias Rippmann

Membrane Morphologies: Heterogeneous Forces and Articulated Material Form 80Sean Ahlquist

Granular Morphologies: Programming Material Behaviour with Designed Aggregates 86Karola Dierichs and Achim Menges

Fabrication Agency: Landesgartenschau Exhibition Hall 92Tobias Schwinn and Achim MengesTemplating Design for Biology and Biology for Design 100Neri Oxman

Hacking Science: The ALivE Group s Material Design Methods for Interdisciplinary Enivornments 108Martin Bechthold and Allen Sayegh

Computational Design and Automotive Material:Cross–disciplinary Design Research by the Mercedes–Benz Center of Advanced Design and the Institute for Computational Design (ICD), University of Stuttgart 114Bastian Baudy, Steffen Koehl, Achim Menges and Steffen Reichert

Macrofabrication with Digital Materials: Robotic Assembly 122Neil Gershenfeld, Matthew Carney, Benjamin Jenett, Sam Calisch and Spencer Wilson

Counterpoint Actualising (Overlooked) Material Capacities 128Branko Kolarevic

Contributors 134

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