Millimeter Waves: Emerging Markets

  • ID: 3801991
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 196 Pages
  • Thintri Inc
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This new market study that explores the current state of millimeter wave technology and market opportunities for systems operating in the millimeter wave range. This in-depth investigation discusses millimeter wave technologies already creating significant markets, emerging market opportunities, and overall market development. The report surveys today's technologies and applications, separates hype from reality and assesses the applications where millimeter wave technology will open up significant new markets, with market forecasts going out to 2023.

Millimeter Wave Systems Overview

- Technology Background
- Technical Issues (GaAs vs. SiGe/CMOS, packaging, components, etc.)
- Public Policy, Regulation, Licensing
- Standards (Wireless HD, WiGig, etc.)
- Established Markets

Prime Applications

- Imaging
- Telecommunications
- Consumer Products
- Defense & Security


- Active vs. Passive Systems
- Markets in Checkpoint Security - Airports, concerts, sports events, etc.
- Markets in Loss Prevention/Inventory Control
- Markets in Through-Wall Imaging
- Markets in Consumer Retail/Clothing Sales
- Issues of Privacy and Public Perception
- Competition Technologies


- Established Lower-Frequency Applications
- Applications for Millimeter Waves (Enterprise, Backhaul, PtP, etc.)
- Licensed vs. Lightly Licensed vs. Unlicensed
- Performance and Availability
- 23 to 39 GHz Bands
- 60 GHz Band Markets

Consumer Markets

- 60 GHz: Consumer, Home Media Markets
- - Data Compression
- - Hardware Considerations
- - Market Growth
- Automotive Radar
- - 24 GHz vs. 77 GHz
- - Market Growth: Trucks, Automobiles

Defense & Security Radar Markets

- Smart Munitions
- Perimeter & Surveillance Radar, Intrusion Detection
- - Defense vs. Private Sector
- - Range Considerations, Long Range vs. Short Range
- Marine Radar
- Defense & Intelligence Communications

Other Millimeter Wave Markets

- Commercial Ka-Band Satellite (VSAT) Communications
- Medicine and Health
- Chemical Monitoring
- Construction and Infrastructure
- Manufacturing

Background on Millimeter Wave Systems and Their Markets

Millimeter wave (MMW) radiation, that portion of the electromagnetic spectrum generally defined as 20 GHz to 300 GHz, has gained commercial traction in the past decade or so. Now, evolution in technology and changes in the regulatory environment have expanded opportunities in existing millimeter wave applications and opened new, potentially very large markets.

MMW imaging is established in airport security and markets are rapidly growing in loss prevention, where systems can quickly scan employees leaving a manufacturing facility to prevent theft. New technology will soon dramatically reduce the cost of such imaging systems, allowing their adoption in a much broader range of venues such as courthouses, concerts, stadiums, schools, dance clubs and many others. Systems are even commercially available for retail clothing shoppers to conduct body measurements to determine clothing sizes and recommend appropriate products and brands.

MMW systems are also transforming telecommunications, offering data rates that approach those of fiber. E-band links are quickly capturing markets in backhaul, where they can be deployed quickly and at a small fraction of the cost of laying optical fiber.

Millimeter waves may be the only viable solution to the bandwidth challenges facing today's telecom industry as it transitions to next-generation 5G networks. Some 4G networks are already approaching the theoretical limit on how much data can be squeezed into a given band. Experts predict that by the year 2020, more than 50 billion devices, including tracking tags, body sensors, vehicles, clothing and a broad range of appliances, sensors and other technologies, will be connected to mobile networks. Wireless data transfer volumes will be 1,000 times greater than they are today, with demand for data transfer rates at 10 to 100 times faster than is practical today.

One of the most exciting frontiers in telecommunications is fixed wireless Internet access, where MMW systems are about to facilitate a game-changing market shift. As small, highly flexible startups move to offer MMW-based wireless Internet access across broad geographic regions, the walls that once served to separate the various access suppliers will break down. The result will be a Wild West scenario where a large number of players, large and small, compete to offer consumers and businesses up to gigabit data rates at low cost.

Likewise, satellite Internet access, serving rural users and ships at sea, will create billion-dollar markets for millimeter wave equipment.

Automotive radar is another burgeoning market. Eventually, as collision avoidance systems in cars and trucks becomes standard and even mandated in some places, the advantages of millimeter waves in achieving low cost radar systems with high resolution will lead to billion-dollar revenue streams.

The unique properties of millimeter waves lend them to a host of other markets as well, including manufacturing process and quality control, medical diagnosis, munitions guidance, security perimeter radar, and monitoring of chemical processing and pipelines.

The market study, Millimeter Waves: Emerging Markets, makes use of extensive, in-depth interviews with industry executives, market development managers and government and academic researchers. The report provides a survey of the current state of the art in millimeter wave technology, an assessment of potential applications in terms of their commercial viability, discussion of market development and forecasts for individual markets from 2016 to 2023.

Understand the Markets

The outlook for millimeter wave technology is extraordinarily promising. Steady reductions in hardware cost and progress in system development are dovetailing with growing demand in a number of markets and, in some cases, greatly relaxed regulation, all leading to growth in widely diverse markets. Depending on the market, that growth is already well underway, is starting now, or will start soon. Most importantly, some of the most significant markets, including security and telecommunications, are not only potentially quite large but relatively immune to economic conditions. Other developers are making use of new technologies to bring millimeter wave systems within striking distance of mass markets.

Some emerging markets require little more than education of users in the capability of millimeter wave systems while in others, that case has already been made and equipment sales are growing rapidly. In most areas, technologies have matured to the extent that scientific understanding is not an issue; instead, the principal requirement is bringing prices in line with market demand.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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Executive Summary
E.1 Introduction
E.1 Established Millimeter Wave Markets
E.2 Technology & Hardware
E.3 Regulation and Public Policy
E.4 Imaging
E.5 Telecommunications
E.6 Consumer Markets
E.7 Defense and Security Radar
E.8 Other Millimeter Wave Markets
E.8.1 VSATs
E.8.2 Medicine and Health
E.8.3 Chemical Monitoring
E.8.4 Construction and Infrastructure
E.8.5 Manufacturing

1. Overview
1.1 Introduction
1.2 History
1.3 Current Markets
1.3.1 Telecommunications
1.3.2 Radar
1.4 Technology Basics
1.5 Why Millimeter Waves?

2. Technology and Hardware
2.1 Semiconductors and Packaging
2.1.1 Material Systems: GaAs, GaN, SiGe and CMOS
2.1.2 Packaging: MCM vs. SMT
2.1.3 Devices, Circuits & Components
2.1.4 RF-MEMS Switches
2.2 Transmission Lines
2.3 Antennas
2.4 Transceivers & Receivers
2.5 Systems
2.6 Modulation
2.6.1 Amplitude Shift Keying
2.6.2 Frequency Shift Keying
2.6.3 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

3. Technical and Safety Issues
3.1 Technical Issues
3.2 Safety

4. Public Policy, Regulation, and Standards
4.1 Background: Growth of the Current Regulatory Climate
4.2 New FCC Rule Changes
4.3 E-band Regulation
4.4 The Effect of Local Government
4.5 Standards
4.5.1 Low Frequency Options
4.5.2 Higher Frequency Standards
4.5.3 Summary

5. Imaging
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Imaging Technology
5.3 Imaging Applications
5.3.1 Checkpoint Security: Airports & Other Public Venues
5.3.2 Inventory Control, Theft Prevention
5.3.3 Through-Wall Imaging
5.3.4 Consumer Retail
5.4 Active vs. Passive Systems
5.4.1 Technical Comparison
5.4.2 Application/Market Comparison
5.5 Issues of Acceptance: Privacy and Public Perception
5.6 The Competition: Backscatter X-Ray
5.7 Millimeter Wave Imaging Markets
5.7.1 Market Development
5.7.2 Checkpoint Security Imaging Markets
5.7.3 Inventory Control and Loss Prevention Imaging Markets
5.7.4 Through-Wall Imaging Markets
5.7.5 Consumer Retail Imaging Markets
5.7.6 Handheld Systems

6. Telecommunications
6.1 Introduction
6.1.1 Conventional Microwave Links
6.1.2 The advent of Millimeter Wave Systems in Telecommunications
6.2 5G: Backhaul and the Small Cell Model
6.3 Licensed vs. Lightly Licensed vs. Unlicensed
6.4 The 23, 24, 26 and 39 GHz Bands
6.4.1 23 and 26 GHz Bands
6.4.2 24 and 39 GHz Bands
6.5 60 GHz
6.5.1 60 GHz Telecommunications Applications
6.5.2 Short Range: WiGig and WirelessHD
6.5.3 Benefits of 60 GHz Technology
6.6 The E-band
6.6.1 Background
6.6.2 Propagation Characteristics
6.6.3 Performance, Reliability and Availability
6.6.4 Applications & Users
6.6.5 E-band Licensing
6.7 The Competitive Technology Landscape
6.8 The Millimeter Wave Telecom Market
6.8.1 Past Market Growth
6.8.2 The Shift to backhaul
6.8.3 WISPs: Fixed Wireless Internet Access
6.8.4 Present and Future Market Growth

7. Consumer & Automotive
7.1 Introduction
7.2 60 GHz Systems: Consumer & Home Media
7.2.1 Background: 60 GHz in Multimedia
7.2.2 Data Compression
7.2.3 Hardware Considerations
7.2.4 60 GHz Consumer Media Markets
7.3 Automotive Radar
7.3.1 Background: Millimeter Wave Radar
7.3.2 MMW Radar Applied to Transportation
7.3.3 History
7.3.4 MMW Radar Technology
7.3.5 24 GHz vs. 60 GHz vs. 77 GHz vs. 79 GHz
7.3.6 Infrastructure and Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications
7.3.7 Automotive Radar Markets

8. Defense & Security Markets
8.1 Background
8.2 Millimeter Wave Radar for Security and Intrusion Detection
8.2.1 Perimeter and Surveillance Radar
8.2.2 Range Considerations
8.2.3 Technical Considerations
8.3 Munitions Applications
8.4 Marine Radar
8.5 Defense and Intelligence Communications
8.6 Active Denial Systems and Non-Lethal Weapons
8.7 Defense & Security System Markets

9. Other Millimeter Wave Markets
9.1 Commercial Ka-band Satellite Communications
9.2 Medicine and Health
9.3 Chemical Monitoring
9.4 Construction & Infrastructure
9.5 Manufacturing

10. Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets
10.1 Introduction
10.2 The Evolving Semiconductor Landscape
10.3 Consumer Applications
10.4 Imaging
10.5 Defense and Security
10.6 Telecommunications
10.7 Other Millimeter Wave Applications

List of Tables and Figures

Figure 1-1 Primary US Microwave and Millimeter Wave Band Allocations
Figure 1-2 Prof. J.C. Bose with his millimeter wave equipment,
Figure 1-3 Propagation of Millimeter Waves
Figure 1-4 Absorption of Millimeter Waves by Atmospheric Oxygen and Water Vapor
Figure 1-5 Overall Atmospheric Absorption Mechanisms of Electromagnetic Radiation
Figure 5-1 Scissors Imaged Through a Closed Container
Figure 5-2 Cookies Imaged Through a Closed Container
Figure 5-3 Checkpoint Security Imaging Market, Active vs. Passive System Share
Figure 5-4 Active millimeter wave images
Figure 5-5 TSA Chart on Millimeter Wave Scanners
Figure 5-8 Imaging Systems Sales, Loss Prevention, Unit Sales
Figure 5-9 Imaging Systems Sales, Loss Prevention, Market Volume
Figure 5-10 Millimeter Wave Through-Wall Imaging Systems, Market Volume
Figure 5-11 Imaging Systems Sales in Consumer Retail, Market Volume
Figure 5-12 Handheld MMW Imaging System Sales, Unit Sales
Figure 5-13 Handheld MMW Imaging System Sales, Market Volume
Table 6-1 Five Nines Link Range and Availability for Several Cities
Figure 6-1 Conventional Microwave Links, Market Volumes
Table 6-2 Frequency vs. Beamwidth at 1 km using a 1 foot diameter antenna
Figure 6-2 Conventional Microwave Links, Unit Sales
Figure 6-3 Conventional Microwave Links, Hardware Sales by Component
Figure 6-4 Relative Share of Mobile vs. Enterprise Networks, 6 - 38 GHz, 2016
Figure 6-5 Beamwidth comparisons for wireless backhaul solutions
Figure 6-6 Telecommunications Backhaul: Shares by Technology
Figure 6-7 Markets, Millimeter Wave Telecommunications Links, 20 to 38 GHz
Figure 6-8 Markets, 20 to 38 GHz, by Component
Figure 6-9 Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, Telecom, 60 GHz
Figure 6-10 Telecom Systems Markets by Component, 60 GHz
Figure 6-11 Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, Telecom, 60 GHz, Unit Sales
Figure 6-12 Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, Telecom, E-band
Figure 6-13 Telecom Systems Markets by Component, E-band
Figure 6-14 Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, Telecom, E-band, Unit Sales
Figure 6-15 Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, 60 GHz, by Application
Figure 6-16 Millimeter Wave Systems Markets, E-band, by Application
Figure 6-17 E-band Enterprise Markets, Government/Municipalities, General Business
Figure 6-18 E-band Enterprise Markets, Healthcare, Education, Misc.
Table 7.1 Assigned Tasks by Band
Figure 7-1 Markets for 60 GHz Consumer Multimedia Products
Figure 7-2 Markets for 60 GHz Consumer Multimedia Products, Unit Sales
Figure 7-3 The 1959 Cadillac Cyclone with Radar
Figure 7-4 Market Share, Auto Radar, 24 GHz vs. 77 GHz, Automobiles
Figure 7-5 Market Share, Auto Radar, 24 GHz vs. 77 GHz, Trucks
Figure 7-6 Worldwide Unit Sales, Cars and Trucks
Figure 7-7 Unit Sales, Radar Systems, Trucks and Automobiles
Figure 7-8 Markets for Automotive Radar, 24 GHz and 77 GHz
Figure 8-1 Surveillance/Perimeter Radar, Defense vs. Non-Defense, 2016
Figure 8-2 Millimeter Wave Surveillance/Perimeter Radar Markets
Figure 8-3 Millimeter Wave Munitions Radar Markets
Figure 8-4 Marine Radar Millimeter Wave Markets
Figure 8-5 Defense & Intelligence Millimeter Wave Communications Markets
Figure 8-6 Overall Defense & Security Markets
Figure 9-1 Unit Sales, VSAT Terminals
Figure 9-2 Millimeter Wave Markets in Medicine, Health and Safety
Figure 9-3 Markets for Millimeter Wave Systems in Chemical Monitoring
Figure 9-4 Millimeter Wave Systems Markets in Construction and Infrastructure
Figure 9-5 Millimeter Wave Markets in Manufacturing
Figure 10-1 Overall MMICs by Application, All Frequencies, 2016
Figure 10-2 MMIC Sales by Application, Millimeter Wave Only, 2023
Figure 10-3 Semiconductor Markets in Car Radar, Multimedia
Figure 10-4 Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets, Active Imaging Systems
Figure 10-5 Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets, Passive Imaging Systems
Figure 10-6 Defense & Security Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets
Figure 10-7 Telecommunications Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Markets
Figure 10-8 Semiconductor Markets in Other Millimeter Wave Applications
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown