Structures in Fire 2016: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference

  • ID: 3829953
  • Book
  • 1145 pages
  • DEStech Publications, Inc
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- How concrete, steel, composites, FRP and timber construction behaves in fire
- Covers columns, slabs, walls, beams, floors, bolts in buildings, bridges, tunnels and more
- Test results, numerical modeling, structural health and fire protection

This volume offers original research on the fire behavior of building components made from concrete, steel, composites, glasses and timber. Its 135 chapters, written by researchers from 26 nations, contain key technical information on how fire affects widely used construction materials in multiple configurations. Attention is placed on new testing and modeling approaches, as well as on structural health monitoring and strategies for protection. The findings in this book will be of benefit to design and fire safety engineers.
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Scientific Committee
Organizing Committee
Steering Committee


Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Reinforced Concrete Slabs with Low Cover in Fire
Hamzeh Hajiloo, Mark F. Green, Noureddine Bénichou and Mohamed Sultan

The Effect of LITS on Punching Shear in Fire
Rwayda Al Hamd, Martin Gillie, Giacomo Torelli, Holly Smith, Tim Stratford and Yong Wang

Concrete Edge Failure of Headed Stud Anchors under Fire and Post-Fire Conditions: Verification of a 3D FE Code
Kaipei Tian, Joško Ožbolt and Goran Periškic

Rational Design Approach for Predicting Fire Resistance of Hollowcore Slabs
Anuj M. Shakya and Venkatesh K. R. Kodur

Shear and Torsion in R/C Structural Members in Fire
Patrick Bamonte, Pietro Gambarova, Nataša Kalaba and Sergio Tattoni

Fire Behavior of Two-Way Post-Tensioned Concrete Slabs Provided with Bonded Tendons: An Experimental Study
Li Zhang, Ya Wei, Francis Tat Kwong Au and Jing Li

Insights into the Complexity of Structural Fire Response from Repeated Heating Tests on Post-Tensioned Concrete
John Gales and Luke Bisby

Quantifying the Effect of Temperature Induced Bond Degradation on Fire Resistance of RC Beams
Ankit Agrawal and Venkatesh Kodur

Modelling of Bond-slip between Prestressed Strands and Concrete at Elevated Temperatures
Jamal Khalaf and Zhaohui Huang

Performance Comparison between Rectangular and Circular Cross-section Columns in Fire Situation, Using Tabulated Methods
Maria Alzira Ramalho and Miguel Gonçalves

Fire Resistance of Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected to Standard Fire—Comparison of an Advanced and a Simplified Method
Marcus Achenbach, Thomas Gernay and Guido Morgenthal

Buckling Strength of Slender Reinforced HSC and VHSC Columns in Fire
Masaki Kato, Shintaro Michikoshi, Shigeaki Baba and Kazumasa Imai

Effects of Localised or Non-Uniform Heating on Reinforced Concrete Columns
Jamie Maclean, Vadims Goremikins, Luke Bisby and Tim Stratford

Modelling the Thermal and Structural Performance of a Concrete Column Exposed to a Travelling Fire—Tisova Fire Test
David Rush, David Lange, Jamie Maclean and Egle Rackauskaite

An Analytical Approach for Predicting the Deformed Configuration of High Rise Concrete Walls Subjected to Fire Loading Conditions
Mingguan Yang, Samir Mehal, Duc Toan Pham, Patrick De Buhan and Jean-Vivien Heck

A Thermo Mechanical Experimental Investigation on 3 Loaded Concrete Walls Exposed to ISO 834-1 Fire
MD Jihad Miah, Nicolas Pinoteau and Pierre Pimienta

On the Effect of Design Parameters and Boundary Conditions on the Post-Earthquake Fire Performance of RC Structural Walls
Anna C. Birely and Shuna Ni


Effects of Polypropylene and Steel Fibers on Permeability of Ultra-high Performance Concrete at Hot State
Li and K. H. Tan

Numerical Study on Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected to Fire
Venkatesh Kodur, Pratik Bhatt and Vasant Matsagar

Experimental Study of Ultra-high Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete under ISO 834 Fire
Charles Kahanji, Faris Ali and Ali Nadjai

Fire Tests on Fiber Sheet Strengthened RC Beams using Geopolymers as Adhesive Agent
Hai Yan Zhang, Shu Liang Qi, Venkatesh Kodur and Hao Ran LV

Elevated Temperature Response of RC Beams Strengthened with NSM FRP Bars Bonded with Cementitious Grout
Iolanda Del Prete, Antonio Bilotta, Luke Bisby and Emidio Nigro

Flexural Capacity of NSM FRP Strengthened RC Beams at Elevated Temperature
Iolanda Del Prete, Antonio Bilotta, Daniele Di Fiore and Emidio Nigro

Fire Testing of Insulated RC Beams Strengthened with Near Surface Mounted FRP Reinforcement
Alessandro Proia, Stijn Matthys, Luc Taerwe and Aniello Palmieri


Thermal Boundary Conditions When Fire Testing Concrete
Cristian Maluk, Angus Law and Jose Luis Torero

Predictive Testing for Heat Induced Spalling of Concrete Tunnels—The Influence of Mechanical Loading
Ieuan Rickard, Luke Bisby, Susan Deeny and Cristian Maluk

Explosive Concrete Spalling During Large-Scale Fire Resistance Test
Cristian Maluk, Luke Bisby and Giovanni Pietro Terrasi

Effect of Biaxial Mechanical Loading and Cement Type on the Fire Spalling Behaviour of Concrete
MD Jihad Miah, Francesco Lo Monte, Pierre Pimienta and Roberto Felicetti

Effects of Polypropylene Fibers on Preventing Concrete Spalling In Fire
Fangxia Lu and Mario Fontana

Reuse of Waste Tyre Fibres in Concrete—Fire-Spalling
Shun Hey Dawn Ho, Shan-Shan Huang, Harris Angelakopoulos, Kypros Pilakoutas and Ian Burgess

Constitutive Models of Concrete at Elevated Temperatures: Studying the Effect of Temperature Gradients
Quang Xuan Le, Vinh The Ngoc Dao, Cristian Maluk, Luke Bisby and José Luis Torero

Post-cooling Stress-strain Model of Traditional and High-Strength Concrete
Emmanuel Annerel, Tom Van Den Steen and Luc Taerwe

Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Ultra-high Strength Concrete at Elevated Temperatures
Mingxiang Xiong, J. Y. Richard Liew and Yong Du

Assessing Tensile Properties of Fire-Damaged Engineered Cementitious Composites with Hybrid Fibres
Jin-Cheng Liu and K. H. Tan

Experimental Validation of the Damage-Plasticity Modeling Concept for Normal Strength Concrete in Fire
Martin Neuenschwander, Claudio Scandella, Markus Knobloch and Mario Fontana

Post-Fire Residual Mechanical Properties of High Strength Concrete (HSC) Made with Basalt Aggregate
Marcela Barros De Souza Sollero and Armando Lopes Moreno Jr.

Thermal Properties of Green High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Cementitious Composites Subjected to High Temperature
Xiuling Li, Huining Zhang, Genda Chen and Yi Bao

Influence of Water on Load Induced Thermal Strain of Concrete
Heisuke Yamashita, Toru Yoshida and Takeo Hirashima

Elevated Temperature Behavior of Impact-Induced Partially Damaged Concrete
Mahsa Mirmomeni, Amin Heidarpour, Xiao-Ling Zhao and Jeffrey A. Packer


Beam-columns with Thin Wall Cross-sections in Case of Fire
Carlos Couto, Arnaud Sanzel, Paulo Vila Real, Nuno Lopes and Bin Zhao

Temperature Assessment of a Vertical Steel Member Subjected to Localized Fire: Experimental Tests
Francois Hanus, Olivier Vassart, Nicola Tondini, Ali Nadjai and Jean-Marc Franssen

Component-Based Element of Beam Local Buckling Adjacent to Connections in Fire
Guan Quan, Shan-Shan Huang and Ian Burgess

Lateral-torsional Buckling of Beams with Corrugated Webs Subjected to Fire
Goncalo Correia Lopes, Carlos Couto, Paulo Vila Real and Nuno Lopes

Fire-induced Progressive Collapse of 3D Steel Frames with Concrete Floors
Jian Jiang and Guo-Qiang Li

Evaluating Post-fire Mechanical Behavior of Ultra-high Strength (Grade1200) Steel Tubes
Fatemeh Azhari, Amin Heidarpour, Xiao-Ling Zhao and Christopher R. Hutchinson

Effect of Initial Geometric Imperfection on the Performance of Single-Layer Reticulated Shells at Elevated Temperatures
Ye-Hua Wang, Zu-Yan Shen and Yuan-Qi Li

The Performance of Structural Steel Beams Subject to a Localized Fire
Lisa Choe, Selvarajah Ramesh, Chao Zhang and John Gross

3D FEA of Load-bearing Cold-formed Steel Wall Systems with Web-perforated Studs Subjected to Standard Fire
Shijun Yang and Lei Xu

Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Cold-Formed Steel Columns at Both Ambient Temperature and Simulated Fire Conditions
Helder D. Craveiro, João Paulo C. Rodrigues and Luis M. Laim

Modeling Fire Induced Burn through Rupture of Marine Grade Aluminum Panels
Christian Rippe, Brian Lattimer and Scott Case

Buckling Analysis of Rack Uprights Exposed to Localized Fires
Shubin He, Chong Ren, Xianzhong Zhao and Chunxiang Li


 Creep Behavior of Flush Endplate Connections at Elevated Temperatures Due to Fire
Ahmad H. El Ghor, Elie G. Hantouche, Mohammed Ali Morovat and Michael D. Engelhardt

Experimental and Numerical Study on High Strength Steel Endplate Connections after Fire
Xuhong Qiang, Xu Jiang, Frans S. K. Bijlaard and Henk Kolstein

Experimental Study of High-Strength Bolts under Combined Tension and Shear During and After Fire
Anne K. Kawohl and Jorg Lange

Post-Fire Mechanical Properties of High Strength Grade 8.8 Steel Bolts
Mahmood Yahyai, Abbas Rezaeian, Venkatesh Kodur, Mohammad Reza Eslami and Alireza Poormohamadi

Analytical Study on Critical Temperature of Bolted Splice Connections
Robert Dwiputra, Shuhei Ando and Takeo Hirashima

Fire Performance of Hybrid Stainless-carbon Steel Composite Beam-column Joints with Blind-bolted Connections
Tian-Yi Song, Zhong Tao, Ali Razzazzadeh and Lin-Hai Han

The Effects of Load Intensity and Restraint on the Fire Resistance of Steel and Composite Beams
Farid Alfawakhiri, Charles J. Carter, Robert M. Berhinig, Patrick Zeeveld, Frederick E. Hervey and Luke C. Woods

Numerical Modeling of Heat Transfer in Steel-concrete Composite Slabs
Jian Jiang, Joseph A. Main, Jonathan M. Weigand and Fahim Sadek

Evaluation of Composite Steel-Concrete Slab Performance Subjected to Travelling Fire: A Case Study
Rui R. Sun and Bernice V. Y. Wong

Development and Modification of Yield Line Patterns in Thin Slabs Subjected to Tensile Membrane Action
Fabien Quichaud, Ian Burgess and Shan-Shan Huang

Advanced Analysis of the Membrane Action of Composite Slabs under Natural Fire Scenarios: A Case Study of the New JTI Headquarters
Lorenzo Lelli and Jonas Loutan


Stability Behavior of Concrete-Filled Steel Tube Columns in Real Fire Conditions
Shashank Taddhanpally and Anil Agarwal

Development of a Calculation Method for the Fire Design of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns
Ana Espinos, Manuel L. Romero, Vicente Albero, Antonio Hospitaler, Gisele Bihina and Christophe Renaud

Experimental and Numerical Investigations on the Composite Behavior of Concrete-Filled Tubular Columns with Massive Steel Core at High Temperatures
Peter Schaumann and Inka Kleiboemer

Numerical Analysis of the Fire Performance of Innovative Steel-Concrete Composite Columns
Ana Espinos, Manuel L. Romero and Dennis Lam

Experimental Investigation on Axially and Rotationally Restrained Circular and Elliptical Concrete-Filled Hollow Columns Subjected to Fire
Joao Paulo C. Rodrigues and Luis Laim

Flexural Behaviours of Reinforced Concrete Columns Confined by Circular Steel Tubes after Fire Exposure
Faqi Liu, Hua Yang and Sumei Zhang

Experimental Study on Bond-slip between Shaped Steel and Concrete under High Temperature
Yuzhuo Wang, Dejian Xu, Chunyang Liu and Chuanguo Fu


S500M and Grade 70 Steel Grades—Material Properties Assessed through Full Scale Tests
Francois Hanus, Olivier Vassart, Nicolas Caillet and Jean-Marc Franssen

Development of True Stress-Strain Curves of Structural Steel for Fracture Simulations
Wenyu Cai and Michael D. Engelhardt

Constitutive Modelling of Ductile Metals at High Temperature
Pawel Woelke, Ryan Anderson, Badri Hiriyur and Najib Abboud

Constitutive Modeling for Fire Engineering Purposes—The Challenge of Modeling Creep in an Appropriate Way
Manfred Korzen

High-temperature Material Constitutive Models for Structural-Fire Analysis
Chao Zhang, Lisa Choe and John Gross

Behaviour of High Strength Steel under Fire Conditions
Dorothy A. Winful, Katherine A. Cashell, Adriene M. Barnes and Richard J. Pargeter


 Development of Wood Structural Elements for Fire Resistant Buildings
Hirokazu Ohashi, Shinya Igarashi and Tsutomu Nagaoka

Changing Failure Modes of Cross-Laminated Timber
Richard Emberley, Alexander Nicolaidis, Dilum Fernando and Jose L. Torero

External and Internal Factors Influencing the Charring of Timber—An Experimental Study with Respect to Natural Fires and Moisture Conditions
Norman Werther

Parameters Influencing the Behavior of Timber Frame Assemblies Exposed to Fire, Development of New Design Criteria for Insulation Materials
Mattia Tiso and Alar Just

Deflection Behavior and Load-Bearing-Period of Structural Glued Laminated Timber Beams in Fire Including Cooling Phase
Yusuke Katakura, Hitoshi Kinjo, Takeo Hirashima, Shuitsu Yusa and Kiyoshi Saito

Simulation of Charring Depth of Wooden-based Products when Exposed to Non-standardized Fire Curves
Jean-Christophe Mindeguia, Guillaume Cueff, Virginie Drean and Gildas Auguin

Sectional Analysis of Cross-Laminated Timber as a Design for Fire Methodology
Alastair Bartlett, Rory Hadden, Luke Bisby and Barbara Lane

Timber under Real Fire Conditions – the Influence of Oxygen Content and Gas Velocity on the Charring Behavior
Joachim Schmid, Daniel Brandon, Alessandro Santomaso, Ulf Wickstrom and Andrea Frangi

Full-scale Fire Test of a Laterally Loaded Light Timber-framed Compartment
Daniel Jessop, Anthony Abu, Colleen Wade, Michael Spearpoint, Hans Gerlich and Andy Buchanan

A Framework for Finite Element Modelling of Timber Connections in Fire
Pedro Palma and Andrea Frangi


Comparative Behavior of Fire-Exposed Composite Girders Subjected to Flexural and Shear Loading
Z. Naser and V. K. R. Kodur

Factors Governing Response of Steel Bridge Girders under Fire Conditions
Esam M. Aziz and Venkatesh K. Kodur

Postbuckling Shear Strength at Elevated Temperatures Using a Compression-based Approach
Jonathan A. Glassman and Maria E. Moreyra Garlock

Analysis of the Factors that Influence the Maximum Adiabatic Temperatures in I-girder Bridges
Guillem Peris-Sayol, Ignacio Paya-Zaforteza, Sebastia Balasch-Parisi and Jose Alos-Moya

Resilient Bridge Design Framework to Extreme Fire Loading
Kevin Mueller, Shalva Marjanishvili and Spencer Quiel

Assessing the Fires on the Deck of Cable Stayed Bridges
Panagiotis Kotsovinos, Gary Walker, Graeme Flint and Barbara Lane

New Design Fires for Performance Based Engineering of Highway Bridges
Jiayu Hu, Ricky Carvel, Abdel Sanad and Asif Usmani

Performance-Based Prioritization of Fire Mitigation for Highway Bridges
Spencer Quiel, Zheda Zhu, Kevin Mueller, Aerik Carlton and Shalva Marjanishvili

Fire Test of FRP Members Applied to Railway Bridge
Kamila Cabova, Pavel Ryjacek, Ondrej Hrasky, Ludvik Kolpasky, Jan Vujtech and Frantisek Wald

Behavior of Structural Tunnel Element Exposed to Fire and Mechanical Loading
Matthias Siemon and Jochen Zehfuß


 Temperature and Strain Measurements with Fiber Optic Sensors for Steel Beams Subjected to Fire
Yi Bao, Yizheng Chen, Matthew S. Hoehler, Christopher M. Smith, Matthew Bundy and Genda Chen

Thermographic Digital Image Correlation (TDIC) Measurements of Mechanically-Loaded Structures
Jonathan L. Hodges, Christian Rippe, Scott W. Case and Brian Y. Lattimer

Consolidated Fire Analysis—Coupled Thermo-mechanical Modelling for Global Structural Fire Analysis
Patrick Schulthess, Martin Neuenschwander, Markus Knobloch and Mario Fontana

A Static Partitioned Solver for Hybrid Fire Testing
Nicola Tondini, Giuseppe Abbiati, Luca Possidente and Bozidar Stojadinovic

Stability in Hybrid Fire Testing
Ana Sauca, Thomas Gernay, Fabienne Robert, Nicola Tondini and Jean Marc Franssen

Assessment of Concrete Exposed to Elevated Temperatures Using Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Diffraction
Bruno Fernandes, Augusto Masiero Gil, Fabricio Longhi Bolina, Eduardo Estevam Camargo Rodrigues and Bernardo Fonseca Tutikian

Pulse-Echo Monitoring of Concrete Damage and Spalling During Fire
Roberto Felicetti and Francesco Lo Monte


 Towards a Standard Measure of the Ability of a Structure to Resist a Natural Fire
Thomas Gernay and Jean-Marc Franssen

Application of Concepts of Fire Resistance of Load Bearing Structural Glass
Johan Sjostrom, David Lange, Michael Debuyser, Daniel Honfi, Delphine Sonck and Jan Belis

Performance-Based Fire Engineering: Sensitivity Analysis on Design Parameters
Reza Imani, Pierre Ghisbain and Ali Ashrafi

Shear Breaking of Columns Subjected to Localized Fire
Olivier Burnier

Conversion of Visual Post Fire Measurements into Fire Severity with the Aid of Thermo-Plastic Analysis for Retrofitting
Tom Molkens, Thomas Gernay and Ruben Van Coile

Engineering an Icon or the Probabilistic-based Structural Fire Engineering of the Battersea Power Station
Florian M. Block and Tad-Song Kho

Fire Fragility Functions for Community Resilience Assessment
Negar Elhami Khorasani, Thomas Gernay and Maria Garlock

Critical Parameters in Deriving Fire Fragility Functions for Steel Gravity Frames
Thomas Gernay, Negar Elhami Khorasani and Maria Garlock

Applying Uncertainty Quantification in Modelling of a Steel Beam Exposed to Fire
Johan Anderson, David Lange and Lars Bostrom

Intensity Measures for Probabilistic Structural Fire Engineering
Peter Moss, Anthony Abu and Rajesh Dhakal

A Probabilistic Study on Concrete Columns Exposed to Biaxial Bending at Elevated Temperatures
Lijie Wang, Ruben Van Coile, Robby Caspeele and Luc Taerwe

Reliability of Reinforced Concrete Walls Subjected to Standard Fire Using Advanced and Simplified Methods
Marcus Achenbach and Guido Morgenthal


Implementation of a New Design Travelling Fire Model for Global Structural Analysis

Xu Dai, Liming Jiang, Jamie Maclean, Stephen Welch and Asif Usmani
Global Structural Behavior of Steel-Concrete Composite Floor Systems under Traveling Fires

Jason Martinez and Ann E. Jeffers
Structural Response of a Generic Steel Frame Exposed to Travelling Fires

Egle Rackauskaite, Panagiotis Kotsovinos, Ann Jeffers and Guillermo Rein
Numerical Calibration of Hydrocarbon Localized Fire Tests by Means of Fire Dynamics Simulator

Nicola Tondini, Christophe Thauvoye, Francois Hanus and Bin Zhao
FDS-FEM Simulation Method and Its Application to Model Localized Fire Tests on Steel Members

Chao Zhang
Results of a Post Test Round Robin of the Calculated Response of a Loaded Steel Beam to a Furnace Test
David Lange and Lars Boström

A Unified Rheological Model for Analysis of Steel Behavior at High Temperature
Neno Toric, Ian W. Burgess, Josip Brnic, Ivica Boko, Goran Turkalj, Marko Canadija, Alen Harapin, Vladimir Divic and Ivana Uzelac

Scaling of Reaction Forces in a Displacement Controlled Steel Beam, Transitioning From Elastic to Plastic Behaviour
Kim Olsson, David Lange and Lars Bostrom

Factors Governing the Fire Response of Reactive Powder Concrete Simply-Supported Beams
Xiaomeng Hou, Pengfei Ren, Wenzhong Zheng, Qin Rong and Yao Zhan

Numerical Analyses for Precast RC Structures at Fire Condition in Underground Space
X. Liu and K. H. Tan

Numerical Modelling of Load-Induced-Thermal-Strain of Prestressed Concrete Pressure Vessels
Giacomo Torelli, Martin Gillie, Partha Mandal and Van-Xuan Tran

Structural Behavior under Localized Fire Action—Modelled Using an Integrated Computational Tool
Liming Jiang, Suwen Chen and Asif Usmani

Optimal Tuning of Thermomechanical Hybrid Simulation Parameters
Catherine A. Whyte, Kevin R. Mackie, Giuseppe Abbiati and Bozidar Stojadinovic


Experimental Study of the Behavior of Steel Structures Protected by Different Intumescent Coatings and Exposed to Various Fire Scenarios
Andrea Lucherini, Razvan-Ioan Costa, Luisa Giuliani and Grunde Jomaas

An Improved Method for Thermal Analysis of Intumescent Coatings
Anita Treven, Tomaž Hozjan and Miran Saje

Experimental Tests on Intumescent Coating for Protecting Steel Structures
Donatella De Silva, Antonio Bilotta and Emidio Nigro

An Experimental Study of the Damage Modes of Fireproof Coatings Under Complex Loads
W. Chen, Y. J. Wang, l. M. Jiang and A. S. Usmani

Fire Tests of Reactive Fire Protection Systems Applied to Steel Tension Members with Solid Circular Section
Dustin Häßler and Sascha Hothan

Numerical Investigation of Plasterboard Partitions Subjected to Fire: Confrontation between Numerical and Experimental Results7
Guillaume Cueff and Gildas Auguin

Material Characterisation and Numerical Modelling of Gypsum Plasterboards in Fire
Maneesha Tharindi Dodangoda, Mahen Mahendran, Keerthan Poologanathan and Ray L. Frost

Performance of Gypsum-Protected CLT and NLT in Natural and Standard Fires
Marc Janssens, Jason Huczek and Natasha Albracht

Study on Residual Flexural Performance of Precast Prestressed Hollow Core Slabs After Exposure to Fire
Lingzhu Chen, Qingfeng Xu, Xiangmin Li, Chongqing Han, Zhenlong Chen and Xi Chen
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