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Sustainable Flow Chemistry. Methods and Applications

  • ID: 3840341
  • Book
  • 336 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This ready reference not only presents the hot and emerging topic of modern flow chemistry, it is also unique in illustrating the important connection to sustainable chemistry.

Focusing on more sustainable methods and applications, the text extensively covers every important field from reaction time optimization to waste minimization, and from safety improvements to microwave applications. In addition, green metrics are presented as a key aspect of the book, helping readers to evaluate the efficiency of flow technologies and their impact on the overall efficiency of a chemical process.

An invaluable handbook for every chemist working in the laboratory, whether in academia or industry.
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Foreword

FLOW PHOTOCHEMISTRY – A GREEN TECHNOLOGY WITH A BRIGHT FUTURE

Introduction to Synthetic Organic Photochemistry

Conventional Batch Photochemistry

Continuous–Flow Chemistry

Selected Examples of Photochemical Reactions under Flow Conditions

Summary, Conclusion, and Outlook

CONTINUOUS FLOW SYNTHESIS USING RECYCLABLE REACTION MEDIA

Introduction

Continuous Flow Reactions Using an Ionic Liquid

Continuous Flow Reactions Using a Fluorous Solvent

Conclusions

SYNTHESIS AND APPLICATION OF H2O2 IN FLOW REACTORS

Introduction

The Synthesis of Hydrogen Peroxide from Hydrogen and Oxygen in Flow Process with Microtechnology

Application of Hydrogen Peroxide in Microreactors

Conclusions

SCALE–UP OF FLOW PROCESSES IN THE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY

Introduction

Stages of Pharmaceutical Development

Sustainability of Supply – The Role of Continuous Processing

Comparison of Batch to Continuous Large–Scale Processing

Scale–Up of a Flow Process

Flow Processes in the Manufacture of Pharmaceuticals: Examples of Scale–Up

Summary and Outlook on Future Scale–Up

ORGANIC SYNTHESIS IN FLOW: TOWARD HIGHER LEVELS OF SUSTAINABILITY

Introduction

Semi–Automated Optimization

Self–Optimizing Microreactor Systems

Sustainability in Microreactor Technology

Conclusion

SUSTAINABLE FLOW CHEMISTRY IN DRUG DISCOVERY

Introduction

Laboratory Equipment

Advantages of Improved Sustainability

Sustainable Drug Discovery

Conclusions and Outlook

FLOW TOOLS TO DEFINE WASTE/TIME/ENERGY–MINIMIZED PROTOCOLS

Introduction

Minimization of Solvents and Reuse of Catalytic Systems

Time/Cost/Energy Saving Examples Using Flow Approach

Conclusions

THE APPLICATION OF FLOW CHEMISTRY IN THE USE OF HIGHLY REACTIVE INTERMEDIATES AND REAGENTS

Introduction

Hydrogenation Reactions in Flow

Carbonylation in Flow

Organometallic Reagents in Flow

Synthesis of Azides and Diazoacetates in Flow

The Use of Flow Reactors to Prepare Unstable Intermediates Using Photochemistry

The Use of Flow Reactors to Prepare Unstable Intermediates Using Electrochemistry

Fluorination and Trifluoromethylation in Flow

Conclusions

NONCONVENTIONAL TECHNIQUES IN SUSTAINABLE FLOW CHEMISTRY

Introduction

Microwave–Assisted Flow Chemistry

Inductive Heating in Flow Chemistry

Sonochemistry in Flow Chemistry

Organic Electrochemistry in Flow Chemistry

Conclusions

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF FLOW CHEMISTRY PROCESSES

Introduction

Environmental Sustainability Assessment

Flow Processes LCA Case Studies

Conclusions

SOLIDS IN CONTINUOUS FLOW REACTORS FOR SPECIALTY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SYNTHESES

Introduction

Mechanisms of Solids Formation in Flow Reactors

Manufacture of Solids in Flow: Soft Particles and APIs

Use of Solids Suspension Catalyst in Flow

Avoiding Blockage of Flow Reactors by Insoluble By–Products: Flow Focusing

Green Engineering Aspects

Index
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Luigi Vaccaro
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