African Animal Health Market 2016

  • ID: 3920489
  • Report
  • Region: Africa
  • 116 Pages
  • Animal Pharm
1 of 5
Some are Grasping the Opportunities of Africa and Doing Very Well in Finding Valuable Niches e.g. the Poultry Vaccine Segment


  • Afrivet
  • Bupo Animal Health
  • Cipla Medpro
  • Dawa Limited
  • Eli Lilly
  • Farm Africa
  • MORE
This report examines the current and potential animal health market in Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa comprises some of the poorest countries of the world with a population that is destined to increase exponentially in the coming decades with the concurrent increasing demand for food. In line with the other emerging economies, this will be accompanied by increasing demand for high quality animal protein as countries develop their wealth and middle classes emerge.

The report begins with a brief review of the global animal health industry and then discusses in detail the African market, demographics, growth drivers for African livestock, animal production systems and the need for veterinary medicines.

Production statistics for cattle, sheep and goats, pigs, poultry, companion animals and aquaculture are reviewed together with a discussion of animal types by region and country.
There is a review of veterinary legislation and the need for improved veterinary services.

The important animal diseases are covered, focussing mainly on tropical diseases but also reminding the reader that the production diseases of parasitism, respiratory and enteric disease are just as important as they are in developed countries. Diseases are discussed in the context of being vector-borne, zoonoses, transboundary etc.

There is an overview of the animal health industry in Africa including both global and regional companies. The regulatory systems for animal health products are detailed. Their status is highly variable between countries but in general there is relevant legislation but with some exceptions it is often not implemented or enforced rigorously.

To many companies Africa has to date been unattractive due to the problems of low market value and density, poor regulation, corruption, fake and counterfeit products, poor distribution networks, ineffective cold chain etc. However, others are grasping the opportunities and doing very well in finding valuable niches e.g. the poultry vaccine segment.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 5


  • Afrivet
  • Bupo Animal Health
  • Cipla Medpro
  • Dawa Limited
  • Eli Lilly
  • Farm Africa
  • MORE
About the Author


Executive Summary

1. Introduction
1.1 The global animal health market
1.2 Value of the global animal health market
1.3 Product categories
1.3.1 Pharmaceuticals
1.3.2 Vaccines
1.4 Structure of the animal health industry and the major global companies

2. The African market
2.1 Demographics
2.2 Growth drivers - the African livestock market
2.3 Veterinary medicines
2.3.1 Pharmaceuticals
2.3.2 Vaccine manufacturers

3. Geographical drivers of African livestock production
3.1 Geo-political description of Africa
3.2 Animal production in Africa
3.3 Drivers for change in livestock production

4. African livestock production statistics
4.1 Species and breeds
4.1.1 Small ruminants
4.1.2 Poultry
4.1.3 Pigs
4.1.4 Companion animals in Africa
4.1.5 Aquaculture
4.2 Types of animal production by Country / Region
4.2.1 Sub Saharan Africa
4.2.2 East Africa Kenya
4.2.3 Northern Africa Morocco
4.2.4 West Africa
4.2.5 Southern Africa

5. Veterinary services in Africa
5.1 Regional veterinary services in Africa
5.1.1 East Africa Kenya Uganda Tanzania Ethiopia
5.1.2 Southern Africa South Africa Malawi Burkina Faso Senegal Mali Nigeria Ghana
5.2 The Inter African Bureau for Animal Resources
5.2.1 The Livestock Development Strategy for Africa (LiDeSA)

6. Important animal diseases in Africa
6.1 General background
6.2 Vector-borne diseases
6.2.1 African Horse Sickness
6.2.2 Bluetongue
6.2.3 Lumpy skin disease
6.3 Tick-borne diseases
6.3.1 East Coast fever
6.4 Zoonotic diseases
6.4.1 Brucellosis
6.4.2 Rabies
6.4.3 Cysticercosis
6.4.4 Leptospirosis
6.4.5 Rift Valley fever
6.4.6 Trypanosomiosis
6.4.7 Avian influenza
6.5 Transboundary diseases
6.5.1 Peste de Petits Ruminants (PPR)
6.5.2 Foot and mouth disease
6.5.3 Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia
6.6 Companion animals
6.6.1 Common diseases of companion animals Leishmaniases Babesiosis
6.7 The potential effects of climate change

7. Animal health products and market needs in Africa
7.1 The animal health industry in Africa
7.1.1 The global companies Ceva Animal Health (Pty) Ltd Zoetis Merial MSD Animal Health Eli Lilly
7.1.2 Regional African companies Bupo Animal Health Afrivet MCI Sante Animale LANAVET Deltamune (Pty) Ltd, Immuno-Vet Services (Pty) Ltd. Biotech Laboratories (Pty) Ltd Dawa Limited Cipla Medpro
7.1.3 NGOs and the public-private sector The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) GALVMed (Global Alliance for Livestock Veterinary Medicines) The World Animal Health Organisation (OIE) Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) World Bank Group Farm Africa The International Livestock Research Institute Other NGOs and donors
8. Regulation of veterinary medicines in Africa
9. Trends and future outlook 107
9.1 Africa as a viable market for the AH industry 107

References 110

Tables & Figures
Table 1. Summary of the major characteristics of the global animal health market 2013
Table 2. List of the ten largest global animal health companies based on their sales revenues for 2015
Table 3. Examples of sub Saharan African vaccine manufacturing companies / institutes
Table 4. Additional regional vaccine manufacturers in Africa
Table 5. The six geographical sub regions of Africa (United Nations)
Table 6. The top 10 African countries in terms of Nominal GDP ($ Billions; data source IMF world Economic Outlook (WEO), October 2015)
Table 7. Total populations of various domestic species in Africa 2014 (source FAOSTAT)
Table 8. Regional livestock populations (2014) in Africa (data source FAOSTAT, World Bank)
Table 9. Numbers of livestock species in selected east African countries (millions; source: FAO)
Table 10. Summary of the legislation governing the Veterinary Profession in the EAC (source Veterinary Services in the EAC - A Report prepared to facilitate MRA Negotiations for Veterinary Professionals (EAC 2015)
Table 11. Summary of the legislation governing the Veterinary Profession in some of the ECOWAS countries (source: GALVmed report 2015 and *FAO WAHIS)
Table 12. Detailed sub-goals within Goal 2 of the LiDeSA strategy for animal health improvement in Africa
Table 13. List of the major infectious diseases of Livestock in Africa
Table 14. Reported losses to major transboundary diseases in Africa
Table 15. Some regulatory agencies for veterinary products in East Africa
Table 16. Summary of the GALVmed report (2105) on registration of veterinary products in Africa
Table 17. Summary of registration procedures in selected African countries (sources: various)
Figure 1. Distribution of Animal health care market by volume 2014 (data source Statista 2016)
Figure 2. Distribution of Animal health care market by territory 2014 (data source Statista 2016)
Figure 3. Distribution of Animal health care market by territory 2014 (data source Statista 2016)
Figure 4. Distribution of global animal health market by species for 2011
Figure 5. The global animal health market between 2002 and 2014 with a projection out to 2017. (data source: Statista)
Figure 6. The top ten global animal health companies in 2015
Figure 7. Map of Africa illustrating the five geographical regions
Figure 8. Diagrammatic representation of sequential economic development in low and middle income countries
Figure 9. Dr Lieve Lynen of VetAgro Ltd. Tanzania, preparing ECF vaccine for use in Masai cattle in northern Tanzania (2009)
Figure 10. Stocks of veterinary medicines in an animal health pharmacy in Uganda
Figure 11. The Centre for Ticks and Tick-borne disease, Lilongwe, Malawi, website
Figure 12. World political map showing continental Africa in the centre
Figure 13. Map of Africa showing the main climatic regions
Figure 14. Physical map of Africa showing the Sahara desert to the north and the Indian and Atlantic oceans to the east and west respectively
Figure 15. Political map of Africa showing the relative land sizes of different countries
Figure 16. Map of relative economic activity also showing concentrations of different agricultural activities
Figure 17. Map of Africa showing the areas of differential concentrations of poor livestock keepers (Source: T. Robinson et al 2011, International Livestock Research Institute)
Figure 18. The website of the African Union - Inter-African Bureau of Animal Resources
Figure 19. An illustration of the central importance of livestock production, in relation to climate, economics, globalisation and human wellbeing
Figure 20. Predicted regional growth in livestock production up to 2050 (Herrero et al. 2014)
Figure 21. Map of livestock production systems by climate zone (source: T. Robinson et al. ILRI)
Figure 22. Distribution of cattle in Africa (source: ILRI)
Figure 23. Distribution of ruminants in Africa (source: ILRI)
Figure 24. Regional distribution of extensive and intensive poultry production (source: ILRI)
Figure 25. A case study of pig production in Uganda
Figure 26. Some semi-intensive pig farms in Uganda
Figure 27. Website of Worldfish, an NGO dedicated to aquaculture in the developing world
Figure 28. Forecasts of growth in GDP in sub-Saharan Africa and individual African countries
Figure 29. Livestock commodity production in Kenya from the 1960s projected to 2050 (Source: T. Robinson, March 2015 published in Science)
Figure 30. SADC annual publication of animal health statistics
Figure 31. The AU-IBAR Strategic plan document
Figure 32. Histogram showing relative financial losses due to livestock disease in Africa (source: ILRI)
Figure 33. A bull with lumpy skin disease
Figure 34. The T. parva lifecycle (after Nene et al., 2016)
Figure 35. The ECF-ITM registration dossier and Kenyan and Tanzanian marketing authorisations
Figure 36. The Taenia solium life cycle
Figure 37. Geographic distribution of acute human leptospirosis and confirmed animal Leptospira spp. infection in Africa. (Source Allan et al., 2015)
Figure 38. Website of the Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Campaign
Figure 39. Backyard slaughtering and processing chickens in China
Figure 40. Global distribution of zoonotic disease (source: ILRI)
Figure 41. Extract from BMGF website on Livestock
Figure 42. Q&A session on the BMGF website
Figure 43. The Sidai Africa website
Figure 44. The Masaka Vet Pharmacy Uganda
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 5


4 of 5
- Afrivet
- Biotech Laboratories (Pty) Ltd
- Bupo Animal Health
- Ceva Animal Health (Pty) Ltd
- Cipla Medpro
- Dawa Limited
- Eli Lilly
- Farm Africa
- Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
- GALVMed (Global Alliance for Livestock Veterinary Medicines)
- Immuno-Vet Services (Pty) Ltd.
- LANAVET 91Deltamune (Pty) Ltd,
- MCI Sante Animale
- MSD Animal Health
- Merial
- NGOs and the public-private sector
- Regional African companies
- The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)
- The International Livestock Research Institute
- The World Animal Health Organisation (OIE)
- World Bank Group
- Zoetis
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
5 of 5
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown