Fundamentals of Electrospinning & Electrospun Nanofibers

  • ID: 3941959
  • Book
  • 250 pages
  • DEStech Publications, Inc
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- Nanofiber spinning methods and how they are reconfigured for multiple fiber morphologies and fibrous architectures
- Strategies for monitoring and improving nanofiber quality
- Nanofibers from polymers, carbon, metals, ceramics

Fundamentals of Electrospinning & Electrospun Nanofibers reviews and analyzes the methods whereby nanofibers are spun, collected and fabricated into various fibrous structures. The text explains the workings, quantitative specifications and set-up of virtually all formation technologies, including solvent and solvent-free, as well as needle and needleless spinning methods for nanofibers made from polymers, carbon and other materials. Practical information is provided for understanding and designing devices to fabricate nanofibers with many different shapes and internal structures. Special attention is given to strategies for overcoming defects in nanofibers and controlling their overall quality.

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Foreword
Preface
 
Chapter 1. Introduction to Nanofibers
1.1. Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology
1.2. Nanofibers
1.3. Nanofiber-Making Techniques
1.4. References
 
Chapter 2. Electrospinning
2.1. Brief History
2.2. Basic Apparatus—“Needle” Based Electrospinning
2.3. Taylor Cone
2.4. Whipping and Jet Instability
2.5. Solution Electrospinning: Advantages and Disadvantages
2.6. Effect Factors of Solution Electrospinning
2.7. Melt-Electrospinning
2.8. References
 
Chapter 3. Electrospun Fibers: Morphologies and Unique Properties
3.1. Typical Morphology
3.2. Internal Structure
3.3. Unique Properties
3.4. References
 
Chapter 4. Improvement of Fiber Quality
4.1. Main Problems
4.2. Improvement Methods
4.3. References
 
Chapter 5. Advanced Needle Electrospinning
5.1. Second Electrode-Enhancement
5.2. Gas-Jacket Enhanced Electrospinning
5.3. Multiple Needle Electrospinning
5.4. Shielding Ring
5.5. Porous Tube Spinneret
5.6. Near-Field Electrospinning
5.7. Emulsion Electrospinning
5.8. Laser Induced Melt Electrospinning
5.9. Portable Electrospinner
5.10. References
 
Chapter 6. Needleless Electrospinning
6.1. Problems with a Single Needle Electrospinner
6.2. Aided by Magnetic Liquid
6.3. Upward Spinning
6.4. Downward Spinning
6.5. Needleless Melt Electrospinning
6.6. Core-Sheath Needleless Electrospinner
6.7. References
 
Chapter 7. Control of Nanofiber Deposition
7.1. Fiber Alignment
7.2. Fibrous Tubes
7.3. Liquid Bath Collection
7.4. 3D Fibrous Structures
7.5. References
 
Chapter 8. Nanofiber Yarns
8.1. Definition
8.2. Nanofiber Short Bundle
8.3. Continuous Bundles
8.4. Nanofiber Yarns
8.5. References
 
Chapter 9. Applications of Electrospun Nanofibers
9.1. Biomedical
9.2. Environment
9.3. Electronic Devices
9.4. Catalysis and Enzyme
9.5. Other Applications
9.6. References
 
Chapter 10. Inorganic Nanofibers
10.1. Carbon Nanofibers
10.2. Ceramic Nanofibers
10.3. Metal Nanofibers
10.4. References
 
Appendix I: A Comparison of Various Solution-based Electrospinning Techniques
Appendix II. Commonly-used Characterization Methods for Electrospun Nanofibers
Index

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The book “Fundamentals of electrospinning and electrospun nanofibers”

written by worldwide known experts Tong Lin and Jian Fang, in this fields is a little bit different in comparison with plenty of another publications dealing with nanofibers. First of all it is very good blend of fundamental scientific achievements presented in simply understandable form and more practically oriented information about known and unique systems of electrospinning devices. The structure and properties of products are presented mainly in the form of graphs and unique figures which is very good especially for quick understanding of benefits of individual electrospinnig technologies and modifications of producion principles. Very innovative is the comprehensive chapter 9 dealing with application of elecrospun nanofibres. In this chapter  all main current area of nanofibrous assemblies applications are described.

With this broad focus of book, the fundamental scientific investigations of electrospinning and properties of nano assemblies are translated to fundamental information about current state and futuristic technological advances. The authors have put their best efforts to enable the reader to have a broad understanding of these advanced technologies and fibrous materials.

Jiří Militký, Dept. of Material Science, Textile Faculty, Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic.

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