Formulations 2016: Insecticides; Herbicides; Fungicides; Biopesticides; Microencapsulations; Oil Dispersion - Companies, Markets, Products, Patents, Regulations, Supply Chains, New Trends and Technologies

  • ID: 3941960
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 198 Pages
  • Agrow
1 of 5


  • Adama
  • BASF
  • Bayer CropScience
  • Dow Agrosciences
  • DuPont
  • FMC/Cheminova
  • MORE

This new edition of Formulations is thoroughly revised and written by new authors from iFormulate.

It comprehensively covers the current status of all crop protection formulations, including insecticides; herbicides; fungicides; biopesticides, microencapsulation and controlled release; and oil dispersion applications.

Companies, markets, products, patents, regulations, supply chains, technological trends and novel developments in formulations are all fully explored by the authors for each category.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 5


  • Adama
  • BASF
  • Bayer CropScience
  • Dow Agrosciences
  • DuPont
  • FMC/Cheminova
  • MORE

About iFormulate
Executive Summary

1. Introduction
1.1 General Introduction
1.2 Crop Protection Products: Market Overview
1.3 Leading Industry Suppliers of Formulated Crop Protection Products
1.3.1 Syngenta
1.3.2 Bayer CropScience
1.3.3 BASF
1.3.4 Dow Agrosciences
1.3.5 Monsanto
1.3.6 DuPont
1.3.7 FMC/Cheminova
1.3.8 Adama
1.3.9 Arysta LifeScience (Platform Specialty Products: Former Arysta, Chemtura and Agriphar businesses)
1.3.10 UPL
1.3.11 Sumitomo (Valent in USA)
1.4 Review of Recent Product Announcements with Formulation Relevance
1.4.1 Herbicides
1.4.2 Fungicides
1.4.3 Insecticides
1.4.4 Other Products
1.5 Pesticide Regulations and Implications for Formulations

2. Definitions
2.1 Components of a Formulation
2.2 Active Ingredient Functions
2.3 Formulation Codes

3. Insecticide Formulations
3.1 Requirements for Insecticide Formulations
3.2 Properties of Insecticide Active Ingredients
3.3 Formulation Properties of Known Insecticides
3.4 Features of Insecticide Formulations
3.4.1 Formulations for Spray Application
3.4.2 Formulations for Dry Application
3.5 Review of Insecticide Formulation Developments
3.5.1 Biopesticides
3.5.2 Insect Control for Non-Crop Uses
3.5.3 Product Stability
3.5.4 Microencapsulation
3.5.5 Benefits in Application
3.6 Summary

4. Herbicide Formulations
4.1 Requirements for Herbicide Formulations
4.2 Properties of Herbicide Active Ingredients
4.3 Formulation Properties of Known Herbicides
4.4 Features of Herbicide Formulations
4.4.1 Formulations for Spray Application
4.4.2 Formulations for Dry Application
4.5 Herbicide Resistance
4.5.1 Formulation Response to Herbicide Resistance Selected Commercial Glyphosate Mixtures Other Commercial Herbicide Mixtures
4.6 Review of Herbicide Formulation Developments
4.6.1 Options to Eliminate Volatility of Herbicides
4.6.2 Other Patents
4.7 Summary

5. Fungicide Formulations
5.1 Requirements for Fungicide Formulations
5.2 Properties of Fungicide Active Ingredients
5.3 Formulation Properties of Known Fungicides
5.4 Features of Fungicide Formulations
5.5 Review of Fungicide Formulation Developments
5.6 Summary

6. Formulants and Adjuvants
6.1 Categories of Formulants and Adjuvants
6.2 Drivers behind Adjuvant Development
6.3 Market, Mergers and Acquisitions since 2013
6.4 Suppliers and Commercial Product Offerings
6.5 Review of Recent Patent and Literature Activity
6.6 Summary

7. Special Topic - Biopesticides
7.1 Definition of Biopesticides and Trends
7.2 Industry Associations, Companies and Commercial Products
7.3 Biopesticide Actives, Challenges and Formulation Approaches
7.4 Recent Patent and Publication Activity
7.5 Summary

8. Microencapsulation and Controlled Release
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Microencapsulation: Activity in Agrochemicals
8.3 Microencapsulation Technologies
8.3.1 Interfacial Polymerisation
8.3.2 Spray Encapsulation
8.3.3 Complex Coacervation
8.3.4 In-situ Polymerization
8.4 Current Activity in Microencapsulation and Controlled Release of Agrochemicals
8.5 Microencapsulation Technologies from Other Industries
8.6 Summary

9. Special Topic - Oil Dispersions
9.1 Definitions, Typical Components and Benefits
9.2 Commercial Products
9.3 Formulation Approaches and Challenges
9.4 Recent Patent Activity
9.5 Summary

10. Specialised Formulations
10.1 Overview
10.2 Aerosols, Fogs, Gases, Smokes
10.3 Tablets, Granules and other solids
10.4 Gels and Semi-Solids
10.5 Emulsions and Emulsifiable Formulations
10.6 Other Oil-Based Formulations
10.7 Seed Treatments
10.8 Others
10.9 Summary

11. Novel Technologies
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Nanotechnology
11.3 Novel Materials for Formulations
11.3.1 Hyperbranched Polymers (Dendrimers)
11.3.2 Graphene and Low Dimensional Solids
11.4 Novel Colloidal Structures
11.5 Crystal Modification
11.6 Electrostatic Applications
11.7 Experimental Methodology
11.8 Summary

12. Formulation Supply Chain
12.1 Raw Material (Co-Formulant) Providers
12.2 Contract Manufacturing
12.3 Contract Research Organisations
12.4 Regulatory Consultants
12.5 Exhibitions and Conferences
12.6 Other Consultants

13. Future Trends in Formulation
13.1 Introduction
13.2 The Impact of Emerging Technologies
13.3 The Impact of Future Market Drivers
13.4 Summary

List of Tables & Figures:
Table 2.1 Top 10 Formulation Codes from BCPC Online Pesticide Manual 2016
Table 3.1 Insecticides - Frequency of Different Formulation Types
Table 3.2 Acaricides, Nematicides, Ixodicides and Molluscicides - Frequency of Different Formulation Types
Table 3.3 Liquid Concentrate Formulations of Pyripyropene Insecticides
Table 3.4 Pyripyropene Formulations (from EP2825046B1)
Table 3.5 Capsule Formulations
Table 3.6 Improved Performance of Insecticides Formulated as Cyclodextrin Complexes
Table 4.1 Liquid Formulation Types used for Herbicides
Table 4.2 Solid Formulation Formats used for Herbicides
Table 4.3 Different Solubilities of Glyphosate.
Table 4.4 Site of Action Classes
Table 4.5 Vapour Pressure Data of a Number of Herbicides (Pesticides Manual)
Table 5.1 Fungicide Active Ingredients - Frequency by Formulation Type
Table 5.2 Bactericide Active Ingredients - Frequency by Formulation Type
Table 5.3 Dodine Formulation - from EP2762001A1
Table 5.4 Liquid Fungicidal/Insecticidal Seed Coating Formulation (from EP1903861B1)
Table 5.5 Ingredients of an Example Suspoemulsion of Cyhalofop-butyl and Suspension of Penoxsulam (taken from EP2785180A1)
Table 5.6 Reported Formulations for Trichoderma spp. Biopesticide
Table 6.1 Patents since end 2013 with “Adjuvant” and “Agrochemical” in Title or Abstract
Table 6.2 Applicants with More than One Patent Publication
Table 6.3 Performance of Combined Adjuvant System from WO2015023434
Table 6.4 Performance of Betaine Adjuvants Systems from US US9107405
Table 6.5 Results of Treatment from US2014/0080708
Table 6.6 Defoaming Performance according to US2016006656
Table 6.7 Improved Performance according to WO2016071331A
Table 6.8 Test Results from Patent AU2014202365
Table 6.9 Improvement of Efficacy from NZ607491
Table 7.1 The Biopesticide Global Market (Lisansky4)
Table 7.2 Number of Registrations of Biopesticide Products by Region in 2014
Table 7.3 Main Classes of Bioinsecticides18
Table 7.4 Patents since 2014 on Biopesticide Formulation, Composition or Mixtures22
Table 7.5 Growth Data from Patent CA2933607
Table 7.6 Stability of Encapsulated Products at 25°C according to Batista et al31
Table 8.1 Properties of Active Ingredients Marketed as CS Formulations
Table 8.2 Patent Filings in Microencapsulation by the Agrochemical Majors
Table 8.3 Compositions of Microcapsule Formulations of Fluroxypyr-meptyl taken from EP2773193A1.Powder B contains a higher concentration of APG which is used as a built-in adjuvant
Table 9.1 Active Ingredients Listed as Available in Oil Dispersion (OD) Format
Table 9.2 Typical OD Formulation from Evonik
Table 9.3 Influence of DBS Gel on Synerisis (US20120208700A1)
Table 10.1 CropLife List of Agrochemical Formulation Types from - publications/further-information/formulation-code
Table 10.2 Aerosol Formulation - from US20160121011A1
Table 10.3 Mosquito Coil Composition - from European Patent EP0910244B1
Table 10.4 Emulsifiable Gel Composition. From US Patent US5435939
Table 10.5 Suspension Concentrate Formulations - based on US Patent Application US20130053244A1
Table 12.1 List of Contract Research Organisations (CROs)
Table 12.2 List of Regulatory Consultants
Figure 3.1 Solubility and Melting Point for Insecticide Active Ingredients
Figure 3.2 Solubility and Melting Point for Acaricide, Nematicide, Ixodicide and Molluscicide Active Ingredients
Figure 3.3 CS formulation of pirimiphos methyl for the control of malarial mosquitos (reproduced from the above referenced article under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license)
Figure 3.4 Impact of N-methyl pyrrolidone Concentration on Mortality of Bee Larvae. Reproduced from Zhu et al 2014 under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license
Figure 4.1 Solubility vs Melting Point Plot for Herbicide Actives
Figure 4.2 Melting Points for Herbicide Actives used in SC Formulations
Figure 4.3 Principles of Natural Selection (Source Wikipedia)
Figure 4.4 Global Increase in Herbicide Resistance (Source Dr Ian Heap)
Figure 4.5 Resistance of Weed Species to Glyphosate Globally (Source Dr Ian Heap)
Figure 4.6 Number of Unique Herbicide Resistance Cases Globally
Figure 4.7 The Top 15 Active Ingredients for Resistance
Figure 5.1 Solubility and Melting Point of Fungicide Active Ingredients
Figure 5.2 Dodine SC Formulations - Variation of Viscosity with Mean Particle Size - from EP2762001A1
Figure 5.3: Gel Based Silica Nanostructures for Copper Fungicide Delivery (from US Patent US8632811B1)
Figure 6.1 Uptake of Glyphosate with Different Adjuvants from WO2015043750
Figure 6.2 Retention of a Tebuconazole Formulation According to US2015230456 (A1)
Figure 6.3 Efficacy of Adjuvant Formulation according to Patent US2016066570
Figure 7.1 Formulation Flowchart Proposed by Segarra et al28
Figure 8.1 Schematic showing how Microencapsulation can Control Optimum Pesticide Dosage
Figure 8.2 Numbers of Patents and Publications on Microencapsulation of Agrochemicals, by Publication Year
Figure 8.3 Numbers of Patent Filings on Microencapsulation of Agrochemicals, by Publication Year
Figure 8.4 Numbers of Patent Filings on Microencapsulation of Agrochemicals, by Publication Year and by Territory
Figure 8.5 Interfacial Polymerisation (after “New Trends in Crop Protection Formulations 2013”, A.Knowles, Informa Agra 2013)
Figure 8.6 Example Monomers for Interfacial Polymerisation
Figure 8.7 Schematic of Spray Drying Equipment used for Spray Encapsulation
Figure 8.8 Structure of Polylactic Acid (PLA)
Figure 8.9 Controlled Release of Terpenes via a Moisture Trigger, using Glucan Particles (after Eden Research)
Figure 8.10 Effect of Nanofiber Controlled-release Systems for Seed Treatment on Fungicidal Properties (A) and Germination Rate (B)
Figure 8.11 Guest-host Capsules Formed from Anthracene-functionalized Hydroxyethyl cellulose (Ant- HEC) and Cucurbit[8]uril (CB[8])
Figure 10.1 Components of a Vapour Releasing Formulation
Figure 11.1 Types of Controlled-release Nanoformulation
Figure 11.2 Published Patent Applications for Nanotechnology Patents - agrochemicals vs all fields
Figure 11.3 Patent Publications in China for Nanotechnology in Agrochemical
Figure 11.4 Patent Publications by Six Major Producers for Nanotechnology in Agrochemical
Figure 11.5 Poly (propylene amine) Dendrimer, Containing 32 Dansyl Units at its Periphery
Figure 11.6 Schematic of the Structure of Graphene
Figure 11.7 Schematic of a Pickering Emulsion Droplet
Figure 11.8 Representation of the Co-crystal Formed from Dithianon and Pyrimethanil

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 5


4 of 5
  • Adama
  • Arysta LifeScience (Platform Specialty Products: Former Arysta, Chemtura and Agriphar businesses)
  • BASF
  • Bayer CropScience
  • Dow Agrosciences
  • DuPont
  • FMC/Cheminova
  • Monsanto
  • Sumitomo (Valent in USA)
  • Syngenta
  • UPL
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
5 of 5
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown