Wind Energy Engineering: A Handbook for Onshore and Offshore Wind Turbines is the most advanced, up-to-date and research-focused text on all aspects of wind energy engineering. Wind energy is pivotal in global electricity generation and for achieving future essential energy demands and targets. In this fast moving field this must-have edition starts with an in-depth look at the present state of wind integration and distribution worldwide, and continues with a high-level assessment of the advances in turbine technology and how the investment, planning, and economic infrastructure can support those innovations.
Each chapter includes a research overview with a detailed analysis and new case studies looking at how recent research developments can be applied. Written by some of the most forward-thinking professionals in the field and giving a complete examination of one of the most promising and efficient sources of renewable energy, this book is an invaluable reference into this cross-disciplinary field for engineers.
- Contains analysis of the latest high-level research and explores real world application potential in relation to the developments
- Uses system international (SI) units and imperial units throughout to appeal to global engineers
- Offers new case studies from a world expert in the field
- Covers the latest research developments in this fast moving, vital subject
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B. WIND RESOURCE How is wind generated? Wind speeds, wind force, wind power Theory of wind energy Wind power density Theoretical power captured by a wind turbine Wind distribution world-wide
C. WIND TURBINE TECHNOLOGY History of harnessing wind power Design of horizontal axis wind turbines (power control, stall, generator torque, Yawing, electrical and mechanical braking, turbine size, generator type, blade design, material and count, tower height) Design of vertical axis wind turbines (including Savonius type, designs, advantages) Aerodynamics (drag, lift, maximum power, axial momentum, angular momentum, wake rotation, blade element and momentum theory) Turbine blade size and maximum power output Wind Turbine components (blades, gearbox, rotor shaft, brake, magnets, etc) Variable speed drives Speed Power generation, synchronous and asynchronous generators Operation and Maintenance Wind energy measurements
D. GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY Wind farms Integration into National Grids Small scale wind turbines Storing energy from wind turbines
E. PLANNING and EXECUTION OF WIND PROJECTS Development Politics and public opinion Prospecting Financing Time frame Commissioning Installation
F. WIND ENERGY WORLD WIDE Comparison of on-shore and off-shore Countries investing in on-shore wind power Countries developing and producing wind turbines
G. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF WIND ENERGY Life cycle of energy input and output Impact on wild life, impact on livestock Impact on humans, noise, landscape and aesthetics, community benefits and incentives, safety Land use Rare earth use (magnets)
H. FINANCIAL MODELING/WIND ENERGY ECONOMICS Net energy gain Energy return on investment (EROI) Incentives Revenue
I. REGULATIONSJ. GROWTH TRENDS AND THE FUTURE OF WIND ENERGY
Trevor M. Letcher is Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry. He is a past Director of the International Association of Chemical Thermodynamics and his research involves the thermodynamics of liquid mixtures and energy from landfill. He was awarded the South African Chemical Institute's Gold medal in 1999 and in 2000 he was awarded the South African Gold medal by the South African Association for the Advancement of Science. He has published over 250 papers in peer review journals and has edited, co-edited and written eleven books in his research and related fields. His latest books include Unraveling Environmental Disasters (2012), Materials for a Sustainable Future (2012), Waste (2011), Heat Capacities (2010), Climate Change (2009) and Future Energy (2008).