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Intellectual Disability. Ethics, Dehumanization and a New Moral Community

  • ID: 3984059
  • Book
  • April 2013
  • 248 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Intellectual Disability: Ethics, Dehumanization, and a New Moral Community presents an interdisciplinary exploration of the roots and evolution of the dehumanization of people with intellectual disabilities. Chapters examine how an intellectual and cultural foundation was established for the claim that morality requires a narrowly defined form of rationality a belief the authors contend has contributed to widespread discrimination against, and marginalization of, those with limited cognitive skills. Offering valuable insights for moral philosophers, psychologists, and educators, the book reinforces the importance of an interdisciplinary understanding of the social construction of intellectual disability and offers a more expansive view of moral engagement.

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Acknowledgements vii

Prologue:Why Study Disability? ix

Part I The Roots of Dehumanization 1

1 Intellectual Disability: History and Evolution of Definitions 3

2 The Social Construction of Purgatory: Ideas and Institutions 19

3 A Failure of Intelligence 37

4 The Consequences of Reason: Moral Philosophy and Intelligence 53

Part II Out of the Darkness 77

5 Defining the Person: The Moral and Social Consequences of Philosophies of Selfhood 79

6 Alternative Views of Moral Engagement: Relationality and Rationality 95

7 Culture and Intellectual Disability 116

Part III Disability Ethics for a New Age 131

8 Quality of Life and Perception of Self 133

9 Application and Best Practices: Rights, Education, and Ethics 151

10 Epilogue: Visions of the Future 170

References 177

Name Index 215

Subject Index 225

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Heather Keith
Kenneth D. Keith
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