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Fundamentals of Integrated Design for Sustainable Building. 2nd Edition

  • ID: 3984129
  • Book
  • 408 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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THE ESSENTIAL PRIMER FOR SUSTAINABLE DESIGN FULLY UPDATED AND REVISED

Sustainable building has evolved from niche to mainstream, and has become the new standard as we look toward a post–carbon world. This second edition of Fundamentals of Integrated Design for Sustainable Building bridges theory and practice with an active learning approach. It is a comprehensive primer for those who will design and manage human habitat and invest in our future. From green building materials and certifications, to energy efficiency and sufficiency, indoor and environmental air quality, water management strategies, and rating systems, this book is an essential source of up–to–date information and presents complex technical issues in a way that builds intuitive understanding. Independent and classroom activities reinforce important concepts, and contributions by practitioners of green development provide deep insight into philosophy, technology, and practices.

This new second edition includes:

  • New chapters on climate and the built environment and net zero buildings
  • New coverage of building resilience, health, and energy issues
  • International accords and current practices
  • The latest information on green building codes and life–cycle assessment and energy modeling tools

Sustainability begins long before the designer begins the concept phase and continues well beyond project delivery. It encompasses every stage of the design and construction process, and continues throughout the operation, renovation, and eventual disassembly or demolition of the finished structure. Fundamentals of Integrated Design for Sustainable Building is the essential introduction to this complex, evolving field.

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Preface xiii

Contributors xv

Acknowledgments xix

CHAPTER 1 The Integrated Building Design Process  1

What Is Integrated Building Design? 1

The Process 1

The Focus Areas: Energy, Resources, and Indoor Environment 6

CHAPTER 2 A History of the Environmental Movements  15

Roots 15

Grassroots Movements 17

The Industrial Revolution 19

The Modern Chemical Revolution 20

Twin Tracks of Environmentalism: Conservation and Preservation Movements 21

The Ecology Movement 24

CHAPTER 3 International Conferences and Treaties  27

The Club of Rome 30

The International Conferences 31

After Kyoto 35

CHAPTER 4 The Emergence of Green Building and Green Building Policy  39

Defining Green Building 40

The Roots of Green Building 42

Environmental Toll 43

Green Building Today44

The History of US Energy Policy 46

Green Building Codes in the United States 49

The Road to Green Codes 51

In Summary 53

CHAPTER 5 Chemicals in the Environment, Buildings, and Humans  55

Emission, Transmission, Deposition, and Immission 55

Pathways of Transmission 61

The Right to Know: Chemical Transparency 63

Green Chemistry and Building Materials 72

Rethinking Building Systems 73

Air Systems 74

CHAPTER 6 Fundamentals of Indoor Air Quality  79

Leon Alevantis, MS, PE, LEED AP

Why Is Good IAQ Important? 79

Contributors to IAQ 80

Types of Indoor Pollutants 81

Pushing the Envelope for IAQ Design 84

CHAPTER 7 Indoor Environmental Quality Issues  93

What Is IEQ? 93

Other IEQ Issues  103

Benefits of Good IEQ  104

CHAPTER 8 How Buildings Use Energy  107

Energy in the Life Cycle of a Building  107

Evolution of Buildings and Its Impact on Energy Consumption  107

Operating Energy Use Patterns  110

Heat and Heat Transfer Modes  111

Climate and Weather  114

Traditional Design Response to Climate  118

Occupant Needs  118

Conclusion  123

CHAPTER 9 Reducing Energy Loads  125

Predesign: Site Selection, Building Size, and Transportation  126

Site Analysis  126

Massing and Orientation  128

Building Envelope  128

Lighting  138

Plug Loads  141

Passive Design  142

Case Study: School in Damascus, Syria  149

CHAPTER 10 Energy–Effi cient HVAC Systems  155

Central versus Decentralized Systems  156

Decentralized Systems  156

Central Heating and Cooling Systems  159

HVAC Controls  165

Domestic Hot Water  167

Thermal Zoning and Impact of Architectural Design  167

Preliminary Design Guidelines  168

CHAPTER 11 Energy Modeling and Measurement  171

Metrics for Energy  171

Site Energy and Source Energy  172

Metering, Submetering, and Benchmarking  173

Energy Modeling  176

Energy Modeling Tools  180

Using Modeling to Drive Integrated Cost Estimation  183

CHAPTER 12 Net Zero Energy and Renewable Energy Systems  187

NZE Definitions  187

On–site Renewable Energy Generation  188

NZE Technical Potential  193

NZEB Design Issues  194

NZE at Community Scale  196

Utility Grid and Distributed Generation  196

NZE in Policy  198

Case Studies  199

CHAPTER 13 Climate Change and Resilience  207

The Science  208

CHAPTER 14 How Buildings Use Resources  223

What Are Natural Resources?  223

CHAPTER 15 Materials Selection and Product Certification  239

The Benefits of Healthy Skepticism  239

Materials Have Multiple Impacts  240

The Bases for Materials Selection  240

Making Contact with Technical Staff  244

Environmental Product Declarations  244

Emissions Testing  245

Product Certification, Rating, or Label  246

Tools: Putting It Together 250

CHAPTER 16 How Built Landscapes and Buildings Contribute to Water Quality and Conservation  259

Jamie Phillips and Kevin Conger, CMG Landscape Architecture The Urban Watershed: Watershed Function  259

National Water Policy  260

Pollutants of Concern in the Landscape  261

Urban Stormwater Management: Low ]Impact Design  263

Site Design: Primary Goals  263

Preservation and Protection of Creeks, Wetlands, and Existing Vegetation  263

Treatment Control BMPs  264

Water Conservation in the Landscape  269

Water Use and Energy Use in Buildings  270

CHAPTER 17 Sustainable Neighborhoods and Communities  275

Aaron Welch, Saneta deVuono–Powell, and Matt Raimi, Raimi + Associates What Are Sustainable Communities?  275

A Brief History of Sustainable Planning  276

History of Conventional Development  276

Components of Sustainable City Planning  287

Conclusion  301

CHAPTER 18 Rating Systems and Practice Tools  303

What Is a Rating or Certification System?  303

Living Building Challenge Mission  309

The WELL Building Standard by Delos  310

Regional Systems  312

Ed Mazria and the 2030 Challenge  315

Practice Tools that Drive the Rating System  316

CHAPTER 19 Life–Cycle Assessment  321

Definitions  322

Standards and Methodology  323

Components  324

CHAPTER 20 Waste Management and the Building Industry  337

Waste Impacts  338

Waste Cycles  339

Defining Waste  340

Waste Streams  340

Hospital Waste  341

Integrated Waste Management  342

Benefits of Construction Waste Management  343

Green Demolition  344

Incineration  346

Waste to Fuel  346

Best Practices  346

Diversion  348

Design for Disassembly  348

Construction Waste Management Plans 350

Other Job ]Site Waste Strategies 350

Zero Waste  353

Glossary 357

Index 363

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Marian Keeler
Prasad Vaidya
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