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Psychological Science Under Scrutiny. Recent Challenges and Proposed Solutions

  • ID: 3984553
  • Book
  • 400 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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In recent years, the prevailing view of psychology as a progressive science characterized by objective and replicable findings has been called into question, with some scholars arguing that the discipline s conclusions may be less trustworthy than had been presumed.Psychological Science Under Scrutiny explores a wide range of these contemporary challenges to psychology s assumptions and methodologies, and considers the advantages and disadvantages of various proposed remedies. In doing so, it aims to stimulate constructive debate around how the reliability of psychological research can be enhanced in order to ground the discipline more firmly in solid science. Challenges discussed include confirmation bias, the effects of grant pressure, false–positive findings, overestimating the efficacy of medications, and high correlations in functional brain imaging. The chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts, and written with a minimum of specialized terminology in order to ensure accessibility to students and lay readers.
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List of Contributors vii

Introduction: Psychological Science in Perspective x

Part I Cross Cutting Challenges to Psychological Science 1

1 Maximizing the Reproducibility of Your Research 3Open Science Collaboration

2 Powering Reproducible Research 22Katherine S. Button and Marcus R. Munafò

3 Psychological Science s Aversion to the Null, and Why Many of the Things You Think Are True, Aren t 34Moritz Heene and Christopher J. Ferguson

4 False Negatives 53Klaus Fiedler and Malte Schott

5 Toward Transparent Reporting of Psychological Science 73Etienne P. LeBel and Leslie K. John

6 Decline Effects: Types, Mechanisms, and Personal Reflections 85John Protzko and Jonathan W. Schooler

7 Reverse Inference 108Joachim I. Krueger

8 The Need for Bayesian Hypothesis Testing in Psychological Science 123EricJan Wagenmakers, Josine Verhagen, Alexander Ly, Dora Matzke, Helen Steingroever, Jeffrey N. Rouder, and Richard D. Morey

Part II Domain Specific Challenges to Psychological Science 139

9 The (Partial but) Real Crisis in Social Psychology: A Social Influence Analysis of the Causes and Solutions 141Anthony R. Pratkanis

10 Popularity as a Poor Proxy for Utility: The Case of Implicit Prejudice 164Gregory Mitchell and Philip E. Tetlock

11 Suspiciously High Correlations in Brain Imaging Research 196Edward Vul and Harold Pashler

12 Critical Issues in Genetic Association Studies 221Elizabeth PromWormley, Amy Adkins, Irwin D. Waldman, and Danielle Dick

13 Is the Efficacy of Antidepressant Medications Overrated? 250Brett J. Deacon and Glen I. Spielmans

14 Pitfalls in Parapsychological Research 271Ray Hyman

Part III Psychological and Institutional Obstacles to High Quality Psychological Science 295

15 Blind Analysis as a Correction for Confirmatory Bias in Physics and in Psychology 297Robert J. MacCoun and Saul Perlmutter

16 Allegiance Effects in Clinical Psychology Research and Practice 323Marcus T. Boccaccini, David Marcus, and Daniel C. Murrie

17 We Can Do Better than Fads 340Robert J. Sternberg

Afterword: Crisis? What Crisis? 349Paul Bloom

Index 356

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Scott O. Lilienfeld
Irwin D. Waldman
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