Structural Electronics 2017-2027: Applications, Technologies, Forecasts - Product Image

Structural Electronics 2017-2027: Applications, Technologies, Forecasts

  • ID: 3985709
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 186 Pages
  • IDTechEx
1 of 5
A Business of Tens of Billions of Dollars Within the Coming Decade


  • BAE Systems
  • Faradair Aerospace UK
  • Hitachi Chemical
  • Nippon ChemiCon
  • Pavegen smart paving, UK
  • SolaRoad
  • MORE

Structural electronics (SE) is one of the most important technological developments of this century. It forms a key part of the dream, formulated decades ago, of computing disappearing into the fabric of society. It also addresses, in a particularly elegant manner, the dream of Edison in 1880 that electricity should be made where it is needed. SE is often biomimetic - it usefully imitates nature in ways not previously feasible. It is a rapidly growing multi-billion dollar business.
Structural electronics involves electronic and/or electrical components and circuits that act as load-bearing, protective structures, replacing dumb structures such as vehicle bodies or conformally placed upon them. It is of huge interest to the aerospace industry which is usually the first adopter, the automotive industry and in civil engineering both with compelling needs but its reach is much broader even than this. Electric cars badly need longer range and more space for the money and, in civil engineering, corrosion of reinforced concrete structures and tighter requirements for all structures, including early warning of problems, are among the market drivers for structural electronics.
The common factor is that both load bearing and smart skin formats occupy only unwanted space. The electronics and electrics effectively have no volume. More speculatively, electronics and electrics injected into unused voids in vehicle bodies, buildings etc., say as aerogel, could also provide this benefit without necessarily being load bearing but possibly providing other benefits such as heat insulation.

Some present and future applications of structural electronics are morphing aircraft using shape memory alloys, car with printed organic light emitting diode OLED lighting on outside and inside of roof and printed photovoltaics over the outside generating electricity supercapacitor skin on an electric car replacing the traction battery as energy storage, smart skin as a nervous system for an aircraft and solar boats and aircraft running on sunshine alone. In London, a piezoelectric smart dance floor generates electricity and smart bridges across the world have sensors and more embedded in their concrete, all forms of structural electronics as it is increasingly the way to go.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 5


  • BAE Systems
  • Faradair Aerospace UK
  • Hitachi Chemical
  • Nippon ChemiCon
  • Pavegen smart paving, UK
  • SolaRoad
  • MORE

1.1. Introduction
1.2. What is it?
1.3. Tackling urgent problems
1.4. Primary benefits
1.5. Maturity by applicational sector
1.6. Objectives and benefits
1.7. Materials and processes currently favoured
1.8. Smart skin
1.9. Component types being subsumed
1.10. Future proof
1.11. How to make structural electronics
1.11.1. A host of new technologies
1.12. Market forecasts
1.13. Energy harvesting in general
1.14. Structural as wireless
1.15. Components designed for embedding in load-bearing structures.
1.16. GES Aviation
1.17. News in 2016
1.17.1. Bat-inspired design for Micro Air Vehicles
1.17.2. TactoTek awarded grant to mass produce injection molded electronics - June 2016
1.17.3. Ultra thin solar panels could power wearable technology revolution - June 2016
1.17.4. "Morphing" wing could enable more efficient plane manufacturing and flight - November 2016
1.18. News in 2017
1.18.1. Groundbreaking luminescent solar concentrator technology - August 2017

2.1. Aerospace
2.2. Cars
2.2.1. BMW Germany and Nanyang TU Singapore
2.2.2. Funding for development of lightweight solar modules on vehicles
2.3. Consumer goods and home appliances
2.4. Bridges and buildings
2.5. Structural electronics on the ground
2.5.1. Generating electricity
2.5.2. Sensing
2.6. Solar Roads
2.6.1. SolaRoad Netherlands
2.7. Hanergy, Tesla and BYD
2.8. Wave power

3.1. Basics
3.2. Detailed analysis
3.3. NASA leading the way
3.4. Early progress at plastic electronic

4.1. Description
4.2. Wire and cable smart cladding
4.3. Many other examples
4.3.1. Hybrid Piezo Photovoltaic Harvesting
4.4. NASA open coil arrays as electronic smart skin
4.5. American Semiconductor CLAS systems
4.6. BAE Systems UK: smart skin for aircraft then cars and dams
4.7. Graphene composite may keep wings ice-free
4.8. Composites evolve to add electronic functionality
4.8.1. Reasons, achievements, timeline 1940-2030

5.1. Smart materials
5.1.1. Comparisons, uses
5.1.2. Fiat car of the future
5.2. Printed and flexible electronics
5.2.1. Introduction and examples
5.2.2. Basic printed modules
5.2.3. Bendable then conformal photovoltaics
5.2.4. Printed electronics in structural electronics
5.3. 3D printing
5.3.1. New materials
5.3.2. Adding electronic and electrical functions
5.3.3. The future
5.3.4. Printed graphene batteries
5.4. Spray on solar cells
5.5. Multi-step drop-casting of conformal film
5.6. Origami zippered tube
5.7. Smallest synthetic lattice in the world

6.1. Many forms of structural supercapacitor
6.1.1. Queensland UT supercap car body
6.1.2. Vanderbilt University structural supercapacitor
6.1.3. Imperial College London/ Volvo structural supercapacitor for car
6.2. Fundamentals
6.3. Structural batteries and fuel cells
6.4. Printable solid-state Lithium-ion batteries

7.1. History
7.2. Definition and reason for new interest
7.3. Evolution
7.4. Comparison of options now and in future
7.5. Rigid to flexible to conformal and stretchable
7.6. OPV and DSSC compared
7.6.1. Slow rollout
7.7. Dye Sensitised Solar Cells for BIPV
7.7.1. Dye Solar Cell Technology
7.7.2. Sandia Laboratories
7.7.3. Saule, Poland
7.8. Latest CIGS progress
7.9. Huge improvement possible
7.10. Solar - take-off soon; dominance 2050
7.11. Heat energy storage device
7.12. White solar panels vanish into buildings
7.13. World's first BIOPV concrete façade installation
7.14. Successful start of pilot project for energy self-sufficient air dome
7.15. Concrete delivers solar energy
7.16. Non-toxic and cheap thin-film solar cells
7.17. Building integrated photovoltaic thermal (BIPVT)

8.1. Boeing, USA
8.2. Canatu, Finland
8.3. Faradair Aerospace UK
8.4. Local Motors, USA
8.5. Neotech, Germany
8.6. Odyssian Technology, USA
8.7. Optomec USA
8.8. Paper Battery Co., USA
8.9. Pavegen smart paving, UK
8.10. Soligie, USA
8.11. TactoTek, Finland
8.11.1. Sabic
8.11.2. Panasonic
8.11.3. Hitachi Chemical
8.11.4. Heraeus PEDOT
8.11.5. GGI International
8.11.6. Moldable molecular ink
8.11.7. Thermoformable metal mesh
8.11.8. Toyobo
8.11.9. Various
8.12. T-Ink, USA

9.1. Prof Jennifer Lewis' Group at Harvard University and Voxel8
9.2. Supercapacitor company visits in late 2014
9.2.1. DuPont, Nippon ChemiCon
9.2.2. Taiyo Yuden
9.3. Photovoltaics and OLED company visits in late 2014

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 5


4 of 5
  • BAE Systems
  • BYD
  • Boeing, USA
  • Canatu, Finland
  • DuPont
  • Faradair Aerospace UK
  • GES Aviation
  • GGI International
  • Hanergy
  • Heraeus PEDOT
  • Hitachi Chemical
  • Imperial College London
  • Local Motors, USA
  • NASA
  • Neotech, Germany
  • Nippon ChemiCon
  • Odyssian Technology, USA
  • Optomec USA
  • Panasonic
  • Paper Battery Co., USA
  • Pavegen smart paving, UK
  • Queensland UT
  • Sabic
  • Sandia Laboratories
  • Saule
  • SolaRoad
  • Soligie, USA
  • T-Ink, USA
  • TactoTek
  • Taiyo Yuden
  • Tesla
  • Toyobo
  • Vanderbilt University
  • Volvo
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
5 of 5
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown