Direct Power Purchase Agreements in India - 2016

  • ID: 3989283
  • Report
  • Region: India
  • 500 Pages +
  • Enincon
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Some trivial and yet complex questions associate with open access mechanism which needs to addressed through a pan India study which should prove to be a path finding guide for the project developers as well buyers to felicitate the same. The pinnacle interest for the developers is to learn about as to why only renewable players are reaping benefits of direct power purchase agreements and why not the thermal power producers under independent and captive category enjoy the same? Queries like these and many more demanded an in-depth research to unearth the very reason as to why essentially open access is fast gaining popularity in India, which transformed into the research base for the report for enincon consulting llp.

Though an evident fact  that India’s addition in the rate of renewable capacity additions have improved by leaps especially in the solar segment as indeed the “sun is shining” for entire value chain players given the impetus received from GoI for having the target to set 165 GW of RE capacity and 100 GW of solar power plants in the country by 2022. Having even achieved 50 – 60% capacity of the planned values there would be huge quantum of power available up for sale, given the precarious situation of the finances of the discoms the project developers deem the “direct power purchase agreements” more fit in order to wish away with risks associated with long-term agreements with discoms. The another advantage in lieu with the third-party power purchase agreements is degree of revenue discovered for developers as against with Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) mechanism model.

Key Queries Resolved:

  • Which state has least regulatory barriers or least cross-subsidy surcharge (CSS) applicable to bulk buyers
  • Whether the tariff discovered in third-party power sales agreements sustainable for long-term i.e. for a period of 10-15 years?
  • What are the various power procurement models which shall be most beneficial given the current regulatory paradigm and policy environment in India?
  • Why only renewable players are reaping benefits of direct power purchase agreements and why not the thermal power producers under independent and captive category enjoy the same?
  • Which region is most suitable for affecting the direct power purchase agreements having the largest cluster of industries, corporates and bulk consumers?

USPs associated with the report are as follows:

  • First hand sector knowledge and inputs
  • Primary research inputs from F2F interviews with domain experts
  • Experts insights and market reviews taken into consideration
  • Validated data and analysis
  • Opportunity mapping and market sizing
  • Germinates from minds that think fresh to evolve path finding guide for all stake holders through quality information and analysis
  • Free query handling and analyst support for three months from the date of report procurement


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Chapter 1. Executive Summary

Chapter 2. Direct Power Purchase Agreements in India
2.1 Business Case
2.2 Overview of Direct Purchase Agreements
2.3 Drivers for Direct Purchase Agreements in India
2.4 Models to Direct Purchase Agreements in India - An Introduction

Chapter 3: Open Access - Sustainability of Demand Supply Metrics
3.1 Current Demand Supply Dynamics
3.2 Demand Drivers & Possible Restraints
3.3 Modes of Sustainability of Demand for Open Access
3.4 Tariff Movements for Open Access- Key States
3.5 Future Forecasts - 2022

Chapter 4: Tariff Trends and Outlook in India
4.1 Thermal Power Plants (Coal Based)
a. Large Scale Thermal Power Plants
b. Mega Scale Thermal Power Plants
c. Small Scale Thermal Power Plants
d. Captive Power Plants
4.2 Solar Plant
4.3 Wind Power Plant
4.4 Other RE (If any)

Chapter 5: Examining Liberalism for Green Power in Open Access Mechanism in States
5.1 Accessing parameters driving increase in demand of green power
5.2 RPO Compliance & Enforcement
5.3 Extent of Industrialisation and Commercialisation in a State

Chapter 6: Regional Overview of Open Access Market - Solar Power (Key States)
6.1 Filtering Major Open Access Customers/ Pockets for Solar Power
6.2 Accessing Feasibility of Long Term Open Access Market - State Wise
6.3 Key Regions Suitable for Open Access Solar Market
6.4 Opportunity for Bulk Consumers & Corporates
6.5 Opportunity for State Transmission Utilities

Chapter 7: Region Wise Customer Profiling & Key PPA terms for Open Access Sale of Power - Solar Power
7.1 Standard PPA Terms - Solar Power
7.1.1 Duration of PPA
7.1.2 Payment Security
7.1.3 Agreements on Open access charges
7.1.4 Termination Clause
7.1.5 Creditworthiness of Customers - Risk Profiling
7.2 Opportunity for Bulk Consumers & Corporates
7.3 Opportunity for State Transmission Utilities

Chapter 8: Regional Overview of Open Access Market - Wind Power (Key States)
8.1 Filtering Major Open Access Customers/ Pockets for Wind Power
8.2 Accessing Feasibility of Long Term Open Access Market - State Wise
8.3 Key Regions Suitable for Open Access Wind Market
8.4 Opportunity for Bulk Consumers & Corporates
8.5 Opportunity for State Transmission Utilities

Chapter 9: Region Wise Customer Profiling & Key PPA terms for Open Access Sale of Power - Wind Power
9.1 Standard PPA Terms- Wind Power
9.1.1 Duration of PPA
9.1.2 Payment Security
9.1.3 Agreements on Open access charges
9.1.4 Termination Clause
9.1.5 Creditworthiness of Customers- Risk Profilng
9.2 Opportunity for Bulk Consumers & Corporates
9.3 Opportunity for State Transmission Utilities

Chapter 10: Regional Overview of Open Access Market - Independent Power Producers (Key States)
10.1 Filtering Major Open Access Customers/ Pockets for IPP’s
10.2 Accessing Feasibility of Long Term Open Access Market- State Wise
10.3 Key Regions Suitable for Open Access for IPP’s
10.4 Opportunity for Bulk Consumers & Corporates
10.5 Opportunity for State Transmission Utilities

Chapter 11: Region Wise Customer Profiling & Key PPA terms for Open Access Sale of Power - Wind Power
11.1 Standard PPA Terms - Independent Power Producer
11.1.1 Duration of PPA
11.1.2 Payment Security
11.1.3 Agreements on Open access charges
11.1.4 Termination Clause
11.1.5 Creditworthiness of Customers - Risk Profiling
11.2 Opportunity for Bulk Consumers & Corporates
11.3 Opportunity for State Transmission Utilities

Chapter 12: Regulatory Consideration for Open Access and Direct Power Purchase Agreements in India
12.1 Regulatory aspects in Open Access - Detailed State/Region wise Track
12.2 Open Access Permission from Respective SLDC’s; Distribution & Transmission Utilities
12.3 Regulatory Barriers

Chapter 13: State Ranking
- Incentive & Policy
- Billing Mechanism
- Regulatory Barriers
- Open Access Charges
- Past Trends of Open Access
- Business Case of Long Term Open Access

Chapter 14: Open Access Charges & Opportunity for State Transmission Utilities (STU’s)
14.1 Open Access Charge split
14.2 STU Opportunity
14.3 Business Case for State Transmission Utilities for Long Term Open Access
14.4 Tariff Sustainability
14.5 Procurement Models for Direct Power Purchase Agreements

Chapter 15: Conclusion

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Key Highlights:

  • Long term transactions with discoms loosing ground- Short term power purchase is what becoming buyers choice
  • Increased appetite of foreign developers to sell power on direct basis to corporates and bulk consumers
  • Cross-subsidy surcharge (CSS) by some Indian states –a boon for direct power purchase agreements
  • Benefits widely available to state transmission utilities and private transmission utilities to felicitate the open access mechanism
  • Comparable prices with greater degree of reliability- Increasing preference by bulk consumers & corporates to buy directly from the developers
  • States such as Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana ,Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana are fast catching up with direct power purchase agreements
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