The Political Theory Reader

  • ID: 4015439
  • Book
  • 370 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The Political Theory Reader is a collection of more than 80 important readings that address the contested philosophical assumptions and competing principles of politics. Included are key selections by canonical figures in the history of political thought, the founders of the major ideological perspectives of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and leading contemporary political theorists and philosophers. After opening chapters on the nature of political theory and selections introducing the major ideologies of the past 200 years, the readings are then arranged thematically, providing alternative perspectives on 11 great issues of politics, ranging from conceptions of human nature and the nature of political knowledge to questions of authority, citizenship, and justice. This structure not only helps to illustrate the diversity and evolution of political thinking, but also encourages the comparative evaluation of competing viewpoints.

Aimed at those coming new to the study of political theory, the Reader offers a carefully organized selection of unparalleled breadth, allowing students to see how different ideological voices express their beliefs about the great issues of politics and how political theory has evolved in its discussion of these issues.

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Preface

Acknowledgments

1. Political Theory, Public Philosophy, and Pluralism

Introduction

Leo Strauss, "What Is Political Philosophy?"

Judith Shklar, "Political Ideology"

Theodore J. Lowi, "America s Old and New Public Philosophy"

Avigail Eisenberg, "Reconstructing Political Pluralism"

William E. Connolly, "Pluralism: A Prelude"

Part I: Ideological Voices

2. Nineteenth–Century Ideologies

Introduction

John Locke, "The Second Treatise of Government"

National Assembly of France, "The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen"

Edmund Burke, "Reflections on the Revolution in France"

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, "The Communist Manifesto"

Emma Goldman, "Anarchism: What It Really Stands For"

3. Twentieth–Century Ideologies

Introduction

Vladimir I. Lenin, "State and Revolution"

Giovanni Gentile, "The Philosophic Basis of Fascism"

Paul Starr, "Why Liberalism Works"

John Kekes, "A Case for Conservatism"

4. Newer Quasi–Ideologies

Introduction

Michael J. Sandel, "America s Search for a New Public Philosophy"

Richard John Neuhaus, "Public Religion and Public Reason"

Susan Moller Okin, "Justice, Gender, and the Family"

Arne Naess, "The Environmental Crisis and the Deep Ecological Movement"

Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, "Globalization and Democracy"

Part II: Philosophical Assumptions

5. Ontological Conceptions

Introduction

Plato, "The Theory of Forms"

Walter Ullman, "Ascending and Descending Theses of Government"

Ken Wilber, "The Great Chain of Being"

Jean Jacques Rousseau, "On the General Will"

Friedrich Engels, "Marx s Materialist Conception of History"

Charles Darwin, "Natural Selection"

T. H. Huxley, "Evolution and Ethics"

Judith Butler, "Contingent Foundations: Feminism and the Question of Postmodernism "

6. Conceptions of Human Nature

Introduction

Herbert Deane, "St. Augustine s Conception of Fallen Man"

Thomas Hobbes, "The Natural Condition of Mankind"

C. B. Macpherson, "The Early Liberal Model of Man"

Karl Marx, "Estranged Labor"

Peter Kropotkin, "Mutual Aid"

John Rawls, "The Rationality and Motivations of Parties in the Original Position"

Michael Sandel, "The Procedural Republic and the Unencumbered Self"

Bhikhu Parekh, "Conceptualizing Human Beings"

7. Images of Society

Introduction

Aristotle, "The Natural Origins of Political Associations"

Thomas Hobbes, "The Contractual Origins of Society"

Edmund Burke, "The Great Primaeval Contract of Eternal Society"

Paul Schumaker, "Social Cleavages and Complex Equality"

8. Epistemological Orientations

Introduction

Benjamin Barber, "The Epistemological Frame: Cartesian Politics"

Jeremy Bentham, "Of the Principle of Utility"

Alasdair MacIntyre, "Narratives of the Good Life Guided by Living Traditions"

Richard Rorty, "America s Civic Religion: A Hopeful Pragmatism"

Carol Gilligan, "In a Different Voice"

John Rawls, "Political Constructivism"

Part III: Political Principles

9. On Community

Introduction

James Madison, "The Federalist No. 10"

Rogers M. Smith, "Toward a Theory of Civic Identities"

David Held, "Towards a Global Covenant: Global Social Democracy"

Kirkpatrick Sale, "Human–Scale Democracy"

Robert Dahl, "The Chinese Boxes"

10. On Citizenship

Introduction

Michael Walzer, "The Distribution of Membership"

Joseph H. Carens, "Aliens and Citizens: The Case For Open Borders"

T. H. Marshall, "The Development of Citizen Rights"

Iris Marion Young, "Polity and Group Difference: A Critique of the Ideal of Universal Citizenship"

Amitai Etzioni et al., "The Responsive Communitarian Platform: Rights and Responsibilities"

Niccolo Machiavelli, "The Threat Posed by Corrupt Citizens"

11. On Structure

Introduction

John Stuart Mill, "On Liberty"

Adam Smith, "The Principles and Virtues of Free Markets"

Lawrence E. Harrison, "Progress and Poverty Without Marx"

Robert D. Putnam, "The Strange Disappearance of Civic America"

Anthony Giddens, "The Third Way and Government"

Imam Khomeini, "Islamic Government"

John Locke, "A Letter Concerning Toleration"

12. On Rulers

Introduction

Robert Dahl, "Guardianship"

Edmund Burke, "Speech to the Electors of Bristol"

Alexis de Tocqueville, "Unlimited Power of the Majority in the United States and Its Consequences"

Joseph Schumpeter, "A Realistic Alternative to the Classical Doctrine of Democracy"

Benjamin Barber, "Strong Democracy: Politics in the Participatory Mode"

Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson, "What Deliberative Democracy Means"

William Riker, "Liberalism, Populism, and the Theory of Public Choice"

13. On Authority

Introduction

Robert Paul Wolff, "The Conflict Between Authority and Autonomy"

Milton Friedman, "The Role of Government in a Free Society"

Garrett Hardin, "The Tragedy of the Commons"

Benjamin I. Page and James R. Simmons, "What Should Government Do?"

William Galston, "Liberalism and Public Morality"

14. On Justice

Introduction

APSA Task Force on Inequality and American Democracy, "American Democracy in an Age of Rising Inequality"

John Rawls, "A Kantian Conception of Equality"

Irving Kristol, "A Capitalist Conception of Justice"

Robert Nozick, "The Entitlement Theory"

15. On Change

Introduction

Michael Oakeshott, "On Being Conservative"

Richard Rorty, "Movements and Campaigns"

Martin Luther King Jr., "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"

Abd Al–Salam Faraj, "The Neglected Duty"

Albert Camus, "Rebellion Beyond Nihilism"

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