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Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science. Edition No. 2

  • ID: 4015747
  • Book
  • 1276 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science, Second Edition presents the study of categories and the process of categorization as viewed through the lens of the founding disciplines of the cognitive sciences, and how the study of categorization has long been at the core of each of these disciplines.

The literature on categorization reveals there is a plethora of definitions, theories, models and methods to apprehend this central object of study. The contributions in this handbook reflect this diversity. For example, the notion of category is not uniform across these contributions, and there are multiple definitions of the notion of concept. Furthermore, the study of category and categorization is approached differently within each discipline.

For some authors, the categories themselves constitute the object of study, whereas for others, it is the process of categorization, and for others still, it is the technical manipulation of large chunks of information. Finally, yet another contrast has to do with the biological versus artificial nature of agents or categorizers.

  • Defines notions of category and categorization
  • Discusses the nature of categories: discrete, vague, or other
  • Explores the modality effects on categories
  • Bridges the category divide - calling attention to the bridges that have already been built, and avenues for further cross-fertilization between disciplines
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1. Bridging the Category Divide: Introduction to the First Edition

Part I: Categorization in Cognitive Science 2. To Cognize is to Categorize: Cognition is Categorization 3. The Role of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Mechanisms in the Maintenance of the Self-Concept: A Behavioral and Neuroscience Review 4. Categories and Cognitive Anthropology 5. Emotion Categorization 6. Philosophical Analysis as Cognitive Psychology: The Importance of Empty Concepts

Part II: Neuroscience of Categorization and Category Learning 7. Multiple Systems of Perceptual Category Learning: Theory and Cognitive Tests 8. The Neuropsychology of Perceptual Category Learning 9. Categorization in Neuroscience: Brain Response to Objects and Events 10. Neural Regions Associated with Categorical Speech Perception and Production 11. Food Perception and Categorization: From Food/No-Food to Different Types of Food

Part III: Semantic Categories 12. Semantic Categorization 13. Emotion Categories Across Languages 14. Relations Between Language and Thought: Individuation and the Count/Mass Distinction 15. Event Categorization in Sign Languages 16. Semantic Categeories in Acquisition 17. Atoms, Categorization, and conceptual Change

Part IV: Syntactic Categories 18. Lexical, Functional, Crossover, and Multifunctional Categories 19. Isolating-Monocategorial-Associational Nauguage 20. Linguistic Categories in Language Contact: Modularity and Diversity 21. Syntactic Categorization in Sign Languages 22. Syntactic Categories in Child Language Acquisition: Innate, Induced, or Illusory? 23. Syntactic Categories in Second Language Acquisition

Part V: Development of Categories 24. Constructing Race: How People Categorize Others and Themselves in Racial Terms 25. How Experience Affects Infants' Facial Categorization 26. The Development of Object Categories: What, When, and How? 27. Categorization and Aging 28. Auditory and Phonetic Category Formation 29. Perceptual and Abstract Category Learning in Pigeons

Part VI: Grounding and Categories in Perception and Inference 30. Situated Conceptualization 31. The Construction of Category Membership Judgments: Towards a Distributed Model 32. Connectionist and Robotics Approaches to Grounding Symbols in Perceptual and Sensorimotor Categories 33. Embodied Categorization 34. The Construction of Perceptual and Semantic Features During Category Learning 35. Categorization, Reasoning, and Memory From a Neo-Logical Point of View 36. The Time Course of Object, Scene, and Face Categorization 37. The Return of Concept Empiricism

Part VII: Machine Category Learning and Data Mining 38. Category Formation in Self-Organizing Embodied Agents 39. Concept Learning and Nonmonotonic Reasoning 40. Categorization in Symbolic Data Analysis 41. An Information-Based Discussion of Borderline Cases in Categorization: Six Scenarios Leading to Vagueness 42. The Neurodynamics of Categorization: Critical Challenges and Proposed Solutions 43. Genre-Specific Text Mining and Extensional Inductive Concept Recognition: A Pseudocognitive Approach 44. Graph Matching, System Design and Knowledge Modeling

Part VIII: The Naturalization of Categories 45. Nominalism and the Theory of concepts 46. Why Do We Think Racially? Culture, Evolution, and Cognition 47. How Language Influences the Way We Categorize Hybrids 48. Neurosemantics and Categories

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Cohen, Henri
Dr. Henri Cohen's research interests focus on speech and language development and neurological disorders, learning and emotion in Parkinson's disease, complexity and learning, skill acquisition and interference, and origin of language. He is Professor of Psychology (ret.) at Université du Québec à Montréal, and visiting scholar, at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Universidad de la Frontera, Chile. He has published over 100 peer-reviewed articles, and edited two books (with Elsevier) on cognition and consciousness, and on categorization, and a book on the origins of language (Benjamins). He is the current editor of Brain and Cognition (Elsevier), and past editor of Journal of Neurolinguistics (Elsevier).
Lefebvre, Claire
Department of Linguistics, University of Quebec, Montreal, Canada. Dr. Lefebvre studies: linguistic theory, syntactic category theory; cognitive processes involved in the formation of new languages; languages in contact, French, Quechua, Creole Haitian, Fon, and other African languages.
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