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Fundamentals of Nuclear Engineering

  • ID: 4032580
  • Book
  • 984 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Covers all pertinent aspects of nuclear engineering, including fundamentals of nuclear and reactor physics, fuel engineering, thermal hydraulics, reactor safety, health physics and radiation protection

Fundamentals of Nuclear Engineering is derived from over 25 years of teaching undergraduate and graduate courses on nuclear engineering. The material has been extensively class tested and provides the most comprehensive textbook and reference on the fundamentals of nuclear engineering. It includes a broad range of important areas in the nuclear engineering field: nuclear and atomic theory; nuclear reactor physics, design, control/dynamics, safety and thermal hydraulics; nuclear fuel engineering; and health physics/radiation protection. It also includes the latest information that is missing in traditional texts, such as space radiation. The aim of the book is to provide a source for upper level undergraduate and graduate students studying nuclear engineering.

  • Focuses on applied nuclear and atomic theory as well as traditional introductory reactor theory, design and operation with a chapter on reactor safety describing all major reactor accidents in the world.
  • Includes novel work on nuclear fuel fabrication, fuel chemistry, performance and management as well as severe fuel damage phenomena.
  • Covers the CANDU Reactor; Light Water Reactors (LWRs), Small Nuclear Power Reactors (SMRs), Advanced Nuclear Power Reactors, and Generation IV Designs.
  • Nine Appendices of relevant nuclear and reactor physics data, and fundamental constants.
  • Exercises and problems are presented at the end of each chapter.
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1 Atomic and Nuclear Theory 9

1.1 Historical Review 9

1.2 Models of the Nucleus 10

2 Nuclear Reactor Design and Physics 53

2.1 Overall Concept and Description of Nuclear Reactors 53

2.2 Neutron Diffusion 71

2.3 Slowing Down of Neutrons 75

2.4 Criticality and the Steady State 86

2.5 Advanced Reactor Physics 96

3 Nuclear Reactor Dynamics and Control 120

3.1 Overview of Reactor Kinetics Behaviour 120

3.2 Point Reactor Model and the Inhour Equation 125

3.3 Reactor Control 138

3.4 Nuclear Fuel Management 146

4 Nuclear Reactor Materials and Fuel Engineering 174

4.1 Nuclear Reactor Materials 174

4.2 Fuel Production 202

4.3 Fuel Element Thermal Performance 218

4.4 Fuel Chemistry 240

4.5 Fuel Restructuring 248

4.6 Fission Product Behaviour 252

4.7 Fuel Performance 285

5 Thermal Hydraulics 314

5.1 Choice of Coolant 314

5.2 Definitions and Simple Two–Phase Flow Relationships 315

5.3 Two–Phase Flow 318

5.4 Pressure Drop 343

5.5 Heat Transfer 380

6 Nuclear Reactor Safety 573

6.1 Reactor Licensing and Regulation 573

6.2 General Principles of Reactor Safety 586

6.3 Engineered Safety Features 590

6.4 Reactor Safety Analysis 597

6.5 Reliability and Risk Assessment 619

6.6 Nuclear Reactor Accidents 624

6.7 Radiation Dose Calculations 640

6.8 Nuclear Emergency Response 659

6.9 Fission Product Release and Severe Core Damage Phenomena 669

7 Health Physics and Radiation Protection 711

7.1 Interaction of Radiation with Matter 711

7.2 Health Physics and Radiation Protection 730

7.3 Biological Effects of Radiation 763

7.4 Radiation Protection 779

7.5 Contamination Treatment 788

7.6 Space Radiation 788

Appendix 1 Physical Constants and Conversion Factors 811

Appendix 2 Table of Atomic Mass Excesses 813

Appendix 3 Some Values of Nuclear Spins and Parities 900

Appendix 4 Reactor Physics Parameters 903

Appendix 5 Physical and Biological Data for Radionuclides 905

Appendix 6 Cross–Sections of Some Radionuclides 907

Appendix 7 Properties of Elements and Some Molecules 909

Appendix 8 Isotopic Cross–Sections 913

Appendix 9 Direct and Cumulative Thermal Fission Product Yields for Various Fissile Isotopes 926

Index 943

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Brent J. Lewis
E. Nihan Onder
Andrew A. Prudil
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