The Global Biomass Market Outlook 2017

  • ID: 4076486
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 145 Pages
  • Power Generation Research
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Current Status, Key Players, Growth Potential, and the Future Outlook

The report gathers data on biomass and waste power generation across the top ten countries leading the market for biomass. The report covers the key players, key feedstock available, and the prominent biomass power technology installed in each of the 10 countries – the US, Germany, Brazil, the UK, Sweden, Finland, Italy, China, India, and Australia.

This report examines the emerging factors driving the growth of the biomass power market, as the use of biomass for electricity generation slowly becomes widespread globally, led by government support. This study found approximately 1.4bn people globally lack access to electricity. From the point of view of electricity supply, the pressures of a rapidly increasing population, rising concern of global warming, and the need to achieve national energy security is driving an unprecedented interest in exploring renewable power resources including wind, solar, hydroelectric, geothermal, marine power as well as biomass for achieving a low carbon electricity mix by both the governments and electricity utilities.

The report highlights how parts of North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific are using biomass feedstock, in a bid to increase the total electricity supply. Similar to any renewable resource, the demand for biomass for electricity generation is driven by government legislation and regulations, encouraging the growth of biomass feedstock for electricity generation. Further, the report examines how biomass feedstock suppliers and utilities in the biomass market are learning to combat rising transportation costs associated with gathering feedstocks and transporting the feedstock to the electricity generation sites, through development of cost effective biomass power technologies.

Globally the term bioenergy is used to describe biomass, biogas, and biofuels. Bioenergy is used to generate electricity, produce heat, and power vehicles. This report focuses on the emerging trends in the biomass market for electricity generation only. The term biomass can refer to any material derived from recently living organisms, which includes plants, animals and their byproducts. Based on the findings, the report considers renewable energy to include all renewable energy sources other than traditional biomass. The term traditional biomass refers to the level of biomass consumption in the residential sector in developing countries and refers to the use of wood, charcoal, agricultural residues, and animal dung for cooking and heating.

Key features of this report:

  • Identification of the ten most promising countries in the biomass power market and highlights how various geographic markets are expanding their share in the total electricity supply mix using biomass feedstock for electricity generation.
  • Five-year assessment of the latest biomass and waste power generation and installed biomass capacity.
  • Electricity market trends and legislation are being influenced by availability of biomass feedstock.
  • List of major key players of biomass renewable energy.
  • Information on government policy framework in renewables energy and biomass power for supporting the biomass market.
  • Identification of biomass energy development and potential resource globally and in major countries in the future.
  • Analysis across countries with abundant feedstock availability including India, Germany, and the UK – biomass feedstock production is led by fertilizer price pressures, in addition to competition for available land and water resources.

Key benefits from reading this report:

  • Realize up to date competitive intelligence through a comprehensive assessment of the biomass and waste power generation and installed biomass capacity in biomass power markets.
  • Achieve a comprehensive understanding of the drivers and resistors effecting the biomass power market.
  • Analyze the cost of biomass power technology against that of other renewable power technologies.
  • Understand government policy framework on biomass power for each country and learn which technology trends are likely to allow greater market impact.
  • Identify the growth of biomass development and biomass resource potential in the future and examine how it is changing the economics the power generation technologies.
  • Assess global future outlook in electricity generation, energy demand by fuel and scenario and the average investment in renewables based electricity generation by technology in the New Policies Scenario from World Energy Outlook series.

Key findings of this report:

  1. Given the consistently growing electricity demand, global installed electricity generation capacity has increased at a CAGR of 4.0% between 2011 and 2015.
  2. China managed to add 199GW of renewable power capacity, more than any other country globally in 2015, to reach 785GW of total renewable.
  3. The biomass and waste power generation in the US recorded a CAGR of 3.2% between 2011 and 2015.
  4. In 2014, the EU generated 11.9% of its electricity using co–generation
  5. Globally the biomass power market could record investments of $639bn by 2035, driven by growing electricity demand.

Key questions answered by this report:

  1. What was the market size of the global biomass power market?
  2. What will be the forecast of installed biomass capacity?
  3. What are the drivers shaping and influencing additions to installed capacity in the global biomass power market?
  4. What are the major key players of biomass renewable energy?
  5. What is the impact of political developments on a country’s biomass power market?
  6. What is the regulatory policy framework governing in the leading biomass power markets of the US, Germany, Brazil, the UK, and Sweden?
  7. What is the future growth potential offered by promising biomass power markets such as Finland, Italy, China, India, and Australia?
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Executive summary

Market development
The US
Germany
Brazil
The UK
Sweden
Finland
Italy
China
India
Australia
Future outlook

Chapter 1 Introduction to the report

  • Overview

Chapter 2 Market development

  • Summary
  • Overview of the world electricity market
  • World electricity generation
  • World installed electricity capacity
  • The role of renewables
  • World installed renewable electrical power capacity in 2015
  • Scale of current biomass resource use
  • Drivers of the biomass power market
  • Regulatory framework supports biomass power development
  • Co-firing and cogeneration to grow in the EU
  • Growth of feedstock storage market
  • Resistors against biomass power market
  • High capital costs
  • Need for secure biomass feedstock supply
  • Significance of unconventional gas
  • Liquid biofuels for transport
  • Economics of biomass power technology

Chapter 3 The US

  • Summary
  • US biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario of the US
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in the US
  • Overview of government policies supporting the biomass power market in the US
  • Key players
  • Future outlook for the US
  • Government incentives to ensure growth in the biomass power market
  • Possible change in Clean Air Act regulation in the US
  • High costs
  • Integrated conversion technologies and co-firing to grow
  • Focus on converting biomass feedstock into fuel for transportation

Chapter 4 Germany

  • Summary
  • Germany’s biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario of Germany
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in Germany
  • Overview of government policies supporting the biomass power market in Germany
  • Key players
  • Future outlook for Germany
  • Government incentives to foster growth
  • Technological developments
  • The role of Energy Concept

Chapter 5 Brazil

  • Summary
  • Brazil’s biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario of Brazil
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in Brazil
  • Overview of government policies supporting the biomass power market in Brazil
  • Key players
  • Future markets trends impacting the biomass power market in Brazil
  • Government support mechanisms to promote the growth of the biomass power market
  • Threat to future biomass feedstock availability
  • The dominance of large hydroelectric power
  • The role of bioethanol

Chapter 6 The UK

  • Summary
  • The UK’s biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario in the UK
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in the UK
  • Overview of government policies supporting the biomass power market in the UK
  • Key players
  • Future outlook for the UK
  • Potential for biomass energy development
  • Focus on biofuels
  • Cautious outlook for growth in co-firing technology and anaerobic digestion

Chapter 7 Sweden

  • Summary
  • Sweden’s biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario of Sweden
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in Sweden
  • Overview of government policies supporting the biomass power market in Sweden
  • Key players
  • Future outlook for Sweden
  • Focus on biofuels and heating

Chapter 8 Finland

  • Summary
  • Finland’s biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario of Finland
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in Finland
  • Key players
  • Future outlook for Finland
  • Finland to promote biomass and wind power for electricity generation
  • Solid biomass to lead growth of biomass power in Finland

Chapter 9 Italy

  • Summary
  • Italy’s biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario of Italy
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in Italy
  • Key players
  • Future outlook for Italy
  • Italian government may promote wind power over biomass power
  • More efficient biogas to reduce the share of solid biomass in power generation

Chapter 10 China

  • Summary
  • China’s biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario of China
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in China
  • Overview of government policies supporting the biomass power market in China
  • Key players
  • Future outlook for China
  • Abundant biomass resource availability
  • The abundance of coal makes the installation of biomass power plants relatively expensive
  • The growing significance of biofuels

Chapter 11 India

  • Summary
  • India’s biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario of India
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in India
  • Overview of government policies supporting the biomass power market in India
  • Key players
  • Future outlook for India
  • Government programs to drive biomass power growth
  • High capital risk
  • The importance of cogeneration

Chapter 12 Australia

  • Summary
  • Australia’s biomass power market overview
  • Current scenario of Australia
  • Key feedstock
  • Government policy framework for renewables in Australia
  • Overview of government policies supporting the biomass power market in Australia
  • Key players
  • Future outlook for Australia
  • Co-firing to grow
  • Emerging interest in biofuels

Chapter 13 Future outlook

  • Summary
  • Outlook for the global electricity sector
  • Outlook for the renewables market
  • Outlook for biomass power market
    • Traditional biomass energy technology causes environmental hazard
    • EU to drive demand for biofuels
    • Growth of additional biomass power capacity
    • Supply chain constraints of biomass feedstock to hinder the growth of biomass
    • applications
    • High level of investment required
  • Global biomass resource potential
  • Biomass resource potential in major countries
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • The UK
    • Sweden
    • Finland

Appendix

  • What is the report about?
  • Who is the report for?
  • Definitions
    • Biomass feedstock
    • Technologies available for biomass power generation
  • Methodology
  • Glossary/Abbreviations

List of Figures:
Figure 1: Share of biomass and waste in total electricity net generation (%), 2014
Figure 2: Share of biomass and waste in total renewables electricity net generation (%), 2014
Figure 3: World electricity net generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 4: World cumulative installed electricity generation capacity (GW), 2011-15
Figure 5: World installed renewable power generation capacity rankings, 2015
Figure 6: World total installed renewable electrical power capacity (GW), 2015
Figure 7: Share of biomass and waste in total renewables electricity net generation (m), 2013
Figure 8: EU share of cogeneration in total electricity (%), 2014
Figure 9: Comparison of cost electricity from CCS power plants and other low carbon generation for entry into service in 2022 ($/MWh), 2015
Figure 10: World average generation costs of renewables based electricity generation by technology type ($ per MWh), 2030
Figure 11: US, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 12: US, biomass resource map, 2015
Figure 13: US, cumulative installed biomass power generation capacity forecast (GW), 2014-40
Figure 14: Germany, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 15: Germany, installed solid biomass capacity forecast (MW), 2015-20
Figure 16: Brazil, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 17: Brazil, installed biomass power capacity forecast (MW), 2016-23
Figure 18: UK, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 19: UK, installed solid biomass capacity forecast (MW), 2015-20
Figure 20: Sweden, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 21: Sweden, installed solid biomass capacity forecast (MW), 2015-20
Figure 22: Finland, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 23: Finland, renewable power generation (GWh), 2015-20
Figure 24: Finland, biomass power generation (GWh), 2015-20
Figure 25: Italy, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 26: Italy, biomass energy potential by feedstock (Mtoe), 2015
Figure 27: Italy, power generation from renewables including (GWh), 2015-20
Figure 28: Italy, annual power generation from biomass forecast (GWh), 2015-20
Figure 29: China, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 30: China, biomass resource map, 2015
Figure 31: China, potential available biomass resources (EJ/year), 2030
Figure 32: India, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 33: India, installed biomass and waste generation capacity forecast (GW), 2016-22
Figure 34: Australia, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 35: Australia, bioenergy electricity generation forecast (GWh), 2020 and 2050
Figure 36: World net electricity generation (tn kWh), 2020-40
Figure 37: World primary energy demand by fuel and scenario (Mtoe), 2011-35
Figure 38: Average investment in renewables based electricity generation by technology in the New Policies Scenario ($bn), 2014-35
Figure 39: World bioenergy potential by feedstock (exajoules), 2050
Figure 40: World bioenergy potential by region (exajoules), 2050
Figure 41: Germany, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030
Figure 42: Italy, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030
Figure 43: The UK, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030
Figure 44: Sweden, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030
Figure 45: Finland, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030

List of Tables:
Figure 1: Share of biomass and waste in total electricity net generation (%), 2014
Figure 2: Share of biomass and waste in total renewables electricity net generation (%), 2014
Figure 3: World electricity net generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 4: World cumulative installed electricity generation capacity (GW), 2011-15
Figure 5: World installed renewable power generation capacity rankings, 2015
Figure 6: World total installed renewable electrical power capacity (GW), 2015
Figure 7: Share of biomass and waste in total renewables electricity net generation (m), 2013
Figure 8: EU share of cogeneration in total electricity (%), 2014
Figure 9: Comparison of cost electricity from CCS power plants and other low carbon generation for entry into service in 2022 ($/MWh), 2015
Figure 10: World average generation costs of renewables based electricity generation by technology type ($ per MWh), 2030
Figure 11: US, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 12: US, biomass resource map, 2015
Figure 13: US, cumulative installed biomass power generation capacity forecast (GW), 2014-40
Figure 14: Germany, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 15: Germany, installed solid biomass capacity forecast (MW), 2015-20
Figure 16: Brazil, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 17: Brazil, installed biomass power capacity forecast (MW), 2016-23
Figure 18: UK, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 19: UK, installed solid biomass capacity forecast (MW), 2015-20
Figure 20: Sweden, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 21: Sweden, installed solid biomass capacity forecast (MW), 2015-20
Figure 22: Finland, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 23: Finland, renewable power generation (GWh), 2015-20
Figure 24: Finland, biomass power generation (GWh), 2015-20
Figure 25: Italy, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 26: Italy, biomass energy potential by feedstock (Mtoe), 2015
Figure 27: Italy, power generation from renewables including (GWh), 2015-20
Figure 28: Italy, annual power generation from biomass forecast (GWh), 2015-20
Figure 29: China, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 30: China, biomass resource map, 2015
Figure 31: China, potential available biomass resources (EJ/year), 2030
Figure 32: India, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2010-14
Figure 33: India, installed biomass and waste generation capacity forecast (GW), 2016-22
Figure 34: Australia, net biomass and waste power generation (bn kWh), 2011-15
Figure 35: Australia, bioenergy electricity generation forecast (GWh), 2020 and 2050
Figure 36: World net electricity generation (tn kWh), 2020-40
Figure 37: World primary energy demand by fuel and scenario (Mtoe), 2011-35
Figure 38: Average investment in renewables based electricity generation by technology in the New Policies Scenario ($bn), 2014-35
Figure 39: World bioenergy potential by feedstock (exajoules), 2050
Figure 40: World bioenergy potential by region (exajoules), 2050
Figure 41: Germany, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030
Figure 42: Italy, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030
Figure 43: The UK, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030
Figure 44: Sweden, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030
Figure 45: Finland, biomass resource potential (exajoules/year), 2020 and 2030

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Key Market Issues:

Electricity demand: The demand for electricity globally is expected to grow, driven by growing population and the presence of large untapped markets, which remain to be connected to the power grid. The challenge facing the global electricity market is managing the issue of carbon emissions with growing nations needing power and providing electricity access across rural and urban areas.

The cost of power: As biomass feedstock lacks durability, issues including storage and transportation add cost to the biomass power generation, making biomass power generation expensive.

Threat to future biomass feedstock availability: The availability of biomass feedstock in the future will face supply disruptions due to increase in deforestation along the Amazon River area, with dense tropical forests. For example Brazil, although they are the leader in using biomass feedstock for electricity generation, a recent government report indicates the Amazon River area, with tropical forests has been experiencing deforestation. Directly, the continuous need for land to support growing population and cultivate crops for food and biofuels will make Brazil’s government address the issue of deforestation with stricter regulations in the future.

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