The World Bus & Coach Manufacturing Industry is a comprehensive review of the global bus and coach building industry, concentrating on vehicles above 7.5 tonnes gvw. The report starts with an overview of the industry. CEOs from the leading Western European bus manufacturers have been interviewed and their views on the key issues affecting the global industry summarised.
Reviews of the component supply industry are included with separate chapters for hybrid driveline developments, electric driveline developments and alternative fuels. The report provides a review of the manufacturers by region and country and production and registration figures are included for all world markets, where available, as well as 5 year forecasts. It concludes with the latest update of who owns whom in world bus manufacture and world bus component manufacture.
The global bus and coach market has grown steadily over the past few years and this trend is set to continue, suggests the latest edition of The World Bus & Coach Manufacturing Industry Report, published in September. The Report records that the world market for medium and large buses and coaches (8t gvw and above) has risen steadily from around 249,000 units in 2009 (Source: Daimler) to 310,000 in 2013 (Source: Report) with numbers expected to top 340,000 (Report forecast) by the end of next year (2017). However, this growth is far from uniform worldwide and is largely concentrated in the emerging markets of China, India and some of the other markets of Asia Pacific – where substantial government stimulus programmes have encouraged fleet investment and renewal.
Registrations have declined in Russia in the last two years, and even more so in Brazil, an important market that has deep economic problems, says the Report. The markets of Western Europe and North America have seen modest but steady growth over the last few years, a trend set to continue into the future. Buses, interurban and express coaches all tend to survive recessions and crises remarkably well because they require long lead times and people still need to travel in good times and bad. Furthermore, in recessionary times, governments tend to step in even more to invest in transportation and infrastructure to stimulate the economy.
About the authors and publishers
Schedule of advertisers
1. An overview of the world wide industry
2. State of the industry - top CEOs air their views
3. World bus manufacture - key events in the last two years
4. World bus components - key events in the last two years
5. Legislation - its impact on manufacturers and the market
6. Diesel engine developments
7. Hybrid driveline developments
8. Electric driveline developments
9. Transmission and axle developments
10. Alternative fuels
11. Chassis equipment - steering, wheels, tyres, brakes, braking systems and suspensions
12. Body systems and structural materials
13. Body components and fittings - doors, windows, floors and body furniture
14. Climate control - heating, ventilation and air conditioning
15. Electrical systems - lighting, wiring, batteries and driver support
16. Telematics and real-time information systems
17. A review and forecast for the Western European market
18. A review and forecast for the Central European market
19. A review and forecast for Russia and the CIS countries
20. A review and forecast for Turkey
21. A review and forecast for the Middle East and North African markets
22. A review and forecast for Central and Southern Africa
23. A review and forecast for the Indian sub-continent
24. A review and forecast for China
25. A review and forecast for Japan
26. A review and forecast for Eastern Asia excluding China and Japan
27. A review and forecast for Australia and New Zealand
28. A review and forecast for the North American markets
29. A review and forecast for South and Central America and the Caribbean
Appendix I: Who owns whom in the worldwide bus chassis and body building industry
Appendix II: Who owns whom in worldwide bus component manufacture
Appendix III: Glossary of terms and definitions
Climate change is seen as one of the biggest factors influencing market direction. Euro 6 and EPA 13 regulations have gone as far as they can in terms of reducing nitrous oxides, particulate matter and hydrocarbons – although stricter on-board monitoring systems are being introduced post Euro 6 legislation (ie Euro 6a, 6b, 6c and 6d), which are to be introduced up to and during 2019. But now the focus has changed and further legislative measures are expected to reduce carbon dioxide and to further improve fuel economy.
This is endorsed by the 195 countries that attended the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 21) held in Paris, France, from 30 November to 12 December 2015, which adopted the first-ever universal, legally binding global climate deal. The agreement set out a global action plan to put the world on track to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C. The agreement is due to come into force in 2020.
This move to combat climate change was further supported, says the Report, by Germany’s Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, which concluded in its study of transport and climate change that the transportation sector had the capacity to nearly half its CO2 emissions by 2050 and, hence, was able to contribute far more than previously thought to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. While climate change has become the main focus of countries around the world, better air quality, has become the main driving force for many cities in Europe, China and other markets. (Two prominent examples of this, taken from the report, include Paris and the Netherlands: Paris has an ambitious target that by 2025, 80% of the city’s 4,500 buses are to be zero emission and the other 20% are to run on renewable biogas.
The Netherlands has agreed that from 2025, only zero-emission buses can be put into service and that all non-compliant buses must be taken out of service by 2030). China, is leading the race towards e-mobility, says the Report. Figures released by the Chinese government suggest that there had been a fourfold increase in sales of hybrid and electric large buses (>10m) in China in 2015 compared with 2014. According to figures from China’s Ministry of Information & Technology, 24,112 hybrid buses were sold in 2015, some 10,000 more than in the previous year. A research agency, Research in China estimates that some 22,000 all-electric buses were sold in 2015 and stated that this rapid growth in full electric buses would continue, estimating that some 40,000 electric buses would be registered in 2016!
Two years ago, in the introduction to this report it was stated that the bus and coach manufacturing industry landscape was constantly changing and that it was the speed of change in recent years that had been most apparent; well this remains true today but with the speed of change becoming even more accentuated. The digitalisation of information and increase in connectivity will bring together all the advanced technological innovations of the past two decades in much more efficient and exacting ways. This new digitalisation era is expected to fast track the co-ordination of today’s new technologies - such as smart phone Apps, telematics, real-time information systems, vehicle electrification and re-charging systems, hybridization, alternative fuels, light-weighting, waste energy recovery systems, driver support systems, autonomous driving and so on - to revolutionize the way we move people and goods around in the future.
For the past two and a half decades technological innovation, emission compliance and the search for more fuel efficient total transport solutions based on diesel and gas powered vehicles have been the key drivers of change, but today, new priorities to contend with climate change are setting the agenda: Priorities to further reduce CO2 emissions, to improve air quality in towns and cities and to reduce noise, to improve general public health and safety, and to reduce the worlds’ dependency on fossil fuels have and are leading to a revolution in low emission and zero emission bus and coach transportation.
In order to meet this e-mobility trend there has been a major change in strategy by the leading bus manufacturers – rather than just delivering buses to operators they are providing total transport and total e-transport solutions. These are not just buzzwords, as the future is genuinely about working collectively, developing an holistic approach involving many different interested parties or stakeholders – ranging from city and regional authorities, power companies and environment agencies to manufacturers, component suppliers and electric charging specialists - to develop such solutions.
In spite of this massive drive towards e-mobility and autonomous driving, there remains a large and growing market for vehicles with conventional diesel engines and alternative fuels. The report endeavours to highlight the recent trends by geographical market in this regard and to provide the latest up to date profiles and technological developments of each bus builder worldwide.