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Development of Public Safety Communications - Technological and Marketing Analysis

  • ID: 4196584
  • Report
  • April 2017
  • Region: Global
  • 220 Pages
  • PracTel Inc


  • AceAxis (PSC)
  • DAMM Cellular
  • General Dynamics (PSC)
  • Motorola Solutions (PSC)
  • Relm Wireless
  • Tait Communications
  • MORE

This report updates information on the development of Public Safety Communications (PSC) and on recent standardization efforts to support integration of commercial and private communications to provide cost efficient and feature-rich networking for first responders.

Two major groups of standards - P25 and TETRA - mainly define specifics of PSC worldwide. These LMR standards are being in the development for at least twenty-two years and they supported and continue to support voice and relatively low-speed data that first responders’ communications required.

In the last several years, commercial cellular communications made a significant progress in enhancing performance and economic characteristics, such as the speed of transmission, reliability, ability to communicate with fast moving objects, the cost factor and other. 4G technologies (such as LTE and WiMAX) proved their attractiveness; and the industry, especially R&D, is looking for introduction 5G technologies in 3-4 years, though many elements of these technologies are already present.

The PSC community, which requires to enhance connectivity to support video and massive data files with high-speed reliable transmission as well as to improve other characteristics, such as network economics was investigating applicability of LTE for PSC; and this effort led to decision to adapt this commercial cellular technology that provides the economies of scales, for critical communications and to build PSC networks based on the LTE technology. One such a network - the FirstNet - is envisioned as the U.S. nationwide first responders system, the only in the country. The FirstNet development is in the evolving stage; and its implementation has begun. Other countries are also experimenting with LTE network structures built specifically for PSC (in this report, we addressed such developments in England and other countries).

The report provides detailed technical and marketing analysis of P25/TETRA LMR together with the survey of industries. Then, it is concentrating on the specifics of LTE as a commercial technology that has to be adapted to carry PSC tasks; LTE technological and marketing specifics as well as the industry as they relate to the report subject are analyzed.

The 3GPP standardization work in this area is detailed. The report shows that the industry is developing LTE-PSC equipment, though the completed PSC-LTE standards are expected to arrive from the 3GPP only in 2019-2020.

The report also provides a detailed analysis of the current status of the FirstNet - the nationwide U.S. LTE-based PSC network. The technical specifics of the network as well as the structure of its governing are analyzed. The U.S. is not alone in adapting LTE for PSC - England and other countries are also involved in the construction LTE-PSC networks.

The report concludes that LMR and LTE-based PSC infrastructures will co-exist in the foreseeable future (5-8 years), complementing each other to provide high-speed data communications with narrowband voice, making communications more reliable and cost-effective. Looking further in time, it seems that LTE-PSC will prevail (though, dynamics of telecommunications may present even better future solutions).

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the design and implementation of PSC networks as well as for users such networks.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown


  • AceAxis (PSC)
  • DAMM Cellular
  • General Dynamics (PSC)
  • Motorola Solutions (PSC)
  • Relm Wireless
  • Tait Communications
  • MORE

1.0 Introduction   
1.1 Status - Mixed Picture   
1.2 Union   
1.3 Scope and Goals   
1.4 Research Methodology   
1.5 Target Audience   

2.0 Today: “Traditional” PSC Technologies   
2.1 Project 25 (P25)   
2.1.1 Standardization Process General Process   
2.1.2 Project 25/TIA 102: Scope Efforts Phased Approach Phases Phase I Phase II   
2.1.3 Status   
2.1.4 CAP   
2.1.5 P25 Development-Phase I General Mission and Objectives Compliance Benefits and Issues Technical Highlights- Interfaces Common Air Interface Fixed Station Interface Console Sub-System Interface (CSSI) RF Sub-system Inter-system Interface (ISSI) ISSI Technology Telephone Interconnect Interface Network Management Interface Host and Network Data Interfaces Summary: Interfaces Frequency Spectrum 700 MHz Band Security Coding Advances Services Network Scenario Summary   
2.1.6 Development: P25 Phase II Transition Scope Interfaces - Phase II Attributes Data Services Standards Enhancements - Details Time and Documentation   
2.1.7 P25 Radio Market Analysis General Geography Market Drivers Market Forecast Considerations P25 Way Commercial Involvement Model Assumptions Estimate   
2.1.8 Summary: Phase I and Phase II   
2.1.9 P25 Industry   
Airbus Defense and Space Communications (formerly Cassidian)   
Codan (include P25/LTE solution)   
Digital Voice System   
Etherstack (include P25/LTE solution)   
EF Johnson   
Harris (LMR/LTE)   
Icom America   
Motorola Solutions (P25/LTE)   
PowerTrunk (Sepura)   
Relm Wireless   
Technisonic Industries   
Tait Communications   
Vertex Standard   
2.2 TETRA   
2.2.1 General TCCA Major Milestones   
2.2.2 TETRA: Scope-Release I General Spectrum Regulations TETRA and GSM Main Features Functionalities Technical Details Services Benefits Networking Release I Details General Interfaces Infrastructure Call Types Mobiles Security Summary   
2.2.3 TETRA Release II History Drivers Rational Two-track Approach Applications Trunked Mode Operation (TMO) Range Extension Mixed Excitation Liner Predictive, Enhanced (MELPe) Voice Codec Data Services Development TAPS TEDS Comparison Enhancements   
2.2.4 Market Analysis General Geography Market Drivers-Industries-Applications Model Assumptions Estimate   
2.2.5 Industry   
Airbus DS (include TETRA/LTE)   
DAMM Cellular   
Hytera (include TETRA over LTE)   
Motorola Solutions   
Pegasus Network   
Portalify (Sepura)   
Sepura (in a process of acquiring by Hytera)   
Selex ES   
Team Simoco   

3.0 P25 and TETRA   
3.1 General   
3.2 TDMA: Advantages and Issues   
3.3 Characteristics   
3.4 Modifications   
3.5 TETRA in North America   
3.5.1 FCC Position   
3.5.2 Trials and Deployments.   

4.0 Next Generation PSC   
4.1 Mutual Benefits   
4.2 Issues   
4.3 Help   

5.0 LTE Details: PSC   
5.1 De-facto Standard   
5.2 Broadband Wireless Communications Stages   
5.2.1 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration Industry Initiative LTE Timetable Initial Releases   
5.3 Key Features of LTE   
5.3.1 Comparison   
5.4 Details   
5.4.1 Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) - eNB   
5.4.2 UE Categories   
5.4.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC)   
5.4.4 LTE Layers   
5.5 LTE Advanced   
5.6 Self-organized Network (SON)   
5.7 Market: LTE   
5.7.1 General   
5.7.2 Market Drivers   
5.7.3 Demand: Wireless Broadband   
5.7.4 LTE Market Projections   
5.8 3GPP and PSC LTE   
5.8.1 Releases and PSC Voice Opinions Efforts: R11-R13-PSC Main Areas Proximity Services Group Communications Service MCPTT Process Release 14 and 15   
5.8.2 LTE PSC - Market   
5.9 Summary of LTE Benefits   
5.10 Industry   
Alcatel-Lucent (Nokia) (PSC)   
AceAxis (PSC)   
Ericsson (PSC)   
General Dynamics (PSC)   
Harris (PSC)   
Lime Microsystems   
Motorola Solutions (PSC)   
Samsung (PSC)   
5.11 Summary   

6.0 FirstNet: Features and Structure   
6.1 General   
6.2 Beginning - Plan   
6.2.1 Spectrum Auctions Band 14   
6.2.2 Governing   
6.3 Differences - PSG Communications   
6.4 RFIs and RFPs Process   
6.4.1 Selection   
6.5 FirstNet - Details   
6.5.1 General   
6.5.2 Standards Compliance Layers Core Network Transport Backhaul Radio Access Network (RAN) Public Safety Devices   
6.6 FirstNet and LTE Current Limitations: 3GPP Releases   
6.6.1 LTE - LMR   
6.6.2 FirstNet- Adopting Commercial Technology   
6.6.3 Challenges and Coexistence   
6.7 Industry Preparedness   
Athena (acquired by Google in 2015)   
General Dynamic   
In Motion Technology -Sierra Wireless   
Motorola Solutions   
Star Solutions   
6.8 Pilot Projects   

7.0 TETRA - LTE   
7.1 Possibility - Union   
7.2 ETSI - TCCA   
7.3 England - ESMCP   
7.4 Other Countries   

8.0 Conclusions   

Appendix I: 3GPP Releases   
Appendix II: References   

Table of Figures:
Figure 1: APCO Project 25 Interface Committee: Process   
Figure 2: Generic-P25 System Structure   
Figure 3: P25 System – Major Interfaces   
Figure 4: ISSI-P25 System-to-System   
Figure 5: ISSI-Roaming   
Figure 6: 700 MHz Band Plan for Public Safety Services   
Figure 7: Example-Network Scenario   
Figure 8:  Phase II Modulation   
Figure 9: Interfaces Family   
Figure 10: CAI Details   
Figure 11:  Capacity   
Figure 12: Vocoders   
Figure 13: Spectrum Utilization – FM – Phase II   
Figure 14: Differences: Phase I and Phase II   
Figure 15: P25 Geography   
Figure 16: Estimate: P25 Equipment Global Sales ($B)   
Figure 17: P25 Market Applications Segments   
Figure 18: TETRA: Spectrum Allocation   
Figure 19: TETRA Release I - Functionalities   
Figure 20: TETRA Interworking Illustration   
Figure 21: TETRA Interoperability Interfaces   
Figure 22: Network Scenarios   
Figure 23:  TETRA Release I Interfaces   
Figure 24: TETRA RII Data Services Developments   
Figure 25: Two-track Approach   
Figure 26: TAPS   
Figure 27: TEDS RF Channel Characteristics   
Figure 28: Spectral Efficiency   
Figure 29: Rates and Range   
Figure 30: Illustration - TETRA TEDS Characteristics   
Figure 31: TETRA Market Geography (2016)   
Figure 32: TETRA Segmentation by Industries (2016)   
Figure 33: Estimate: TETRA Equipment Global Sales ($B)   
Figure 34: PSC Applications Scenarios   
Figure 35: Evolution Path   
Figure 36: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband   
Figure 37: Details – Releases Time Schedule and LTE PSC   
Figure 38: LTE – IP   
Figure 39: Major LTE Advantages   
Figure 40: LTE – Reference Architecture   
Figure 41: LTE Layers   
Figure 42:  Estimate: Global Broadband Mobile Subscribers Base (Bil.)   
Figure 43: Estimate: LTE-Subscribers’ Base-Global (Bil)   
Figure 44: LTE Equipment Global Sales ($B)   
Figure 45: Estimate: LTE PSC Subscribers Base – Global (Mil.)   
Figure 46: Estimate: Installed Base – PSC LTE eNodeB – Global (000)   
Figure 47: Estimate: Global LTE PSC Market ($B)   
Figure 48: FirstNet Frequency Plan Details   
Figure 49: Illustration-FirstNet Connections   
Figure 50: FirstNet Layers   
Figure 51: Core Network   
Figure 52: FirstNet Devices   
Figure 53: LMR-LTE Capacities - Illustration   

Table 1: Approved P25 Standard (samples)   
Table 2:P25 Phase I Advantages and Issues   
Table 3: CAI Major Characteristics   
Table 4: P25 Services   
Table 5: Phase II Documents   
Table 6: Components   
Table 7: TETRA Established   
Table 8: TETRA Release I-Major Characteristics   
Table 9: TETRA Needs   
Table 10: Applications (Release II)   
Table 11: Evolution of TETRA Applications   
Table 12: Terminal Cost   
Table 13:3GPP Releases   
Table 14: Initial LTE Characteristics   
Table 15: Users Equipment Categories (Initial)   
Table 16: UE Categories - Extended   
Table 17: Release 12: PSC-related Items   
Table 18: Band 14 -  Frequencies and Characteristics   
Table 20: FirstNet Broadband Applications - Examples

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
  • AceAxis (PSC)
  • Airbus DS (include TETRA/LTE)
  • Airbus Defense and Space Communications (formerly Cassidian)
  • Alcatel-Lucent (Nokia) (PSC)
  • Aricent
  • Athena (acquired by Google in 2015)
  • Avtec
  • CalAmp
  • Cisco
  • Codan (include P25/LTE solution)
  • CommAgility
  • Cradlepoint
  • DAMM Cellular
  • Digital Voice System
  • EF Johnson
  • Elbit
  • Elektrobit
  • Ericsson (PSC)
  • Etherstack (include P25/LTE solution)
  • Fujitsu
  • General Dynamics (PSC)
  • Harris (LMR/LTE)
  • Harris (PSC)
  • Huawei
  • Hytera (include TETRA over LTE)
  • Icom America
  • In Motion Technology -Sierra Wireless
  • Kenwood
  • Lime Microsystems
  • Motorola Solutions (P25/LTE)
  • Motorola Solutions (PSC)
  • Nokia
  • Oceus
  • Pegasus Network
  • Portalify (Sepura)
  • PowerTrunk (Sepura)
  • Qualcomm
  • Relm Wireless
  • Rohill
  • Samsung (PSC)
  • Selex ES
  • Sepura (in a process of acquiring by Hytera)
  • Sequans
  • Simoco
  • Star Solutions
  • TI
  • Tait Communications
  • Team Simoco
  • Technisonic Industries
  • Thales
  • Vertex Standard
  • Westel
  • ZTE
  • u-blox
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted.

Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.