The Use of Nanomaterials in Food Contact Materials - Design, Application, Safety

  • ID: 4207012
  • Book
  • 390 pages
  • DEStech Publications, Inc
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  • Explains methods for detecting and sizing nanoparticles in food processing and packaging
  • Covers materials, laminates, inks, coatings and antimicrobials
  • Clarifies risks of nanoparticle migration from packaging
  • Assesses dangers to consumers and spells out safety measures
  • Outlines food and nanomaterials laws from Europe, Asia, North and South America

This volume surveys the problems, assesses the risks, and presents solutions regarding the use of nanomaterials in food-contact materials such as packaging and preparation surfaces. The book explains how and why nanoparticles are applied in packaging materials, inks, coatings and antimicrobials. Special attention is given to methods for determining the size and shape of nanoparticles. Within this framework, experimental and modeling information are provided on the safety risks caused by migration of molecular and sub-molecular-sized particles from packaging. The book investigates the vectors and probabilities of nanoparticle ingestion by consumers. A primary feature of this book is a review of laws governing nanomaterials in the food industry from Europe, Asia, South and North America.

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Chapter 1. Introduction
Rob Veraart
1.1. References

Chapter 2. Nanometric Inorganic Fillers in Food Contact Materials
Giuliana Gorrasi and Andrea Sorrentino
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Zero Dimensional Nanomaterials
2.3. One Dimensional Nanomaterials
2.4. Two Dimensional Nanomaterials
2.5. Trends and Perspectives
2.6. References

Chapter 3. The Use of Nanomaterials in Food Contact Articles
Victoria Sayer
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Petition to the EU Titanium Nitride
3.3. Re-evaluation of the Titanium Nitride
3.4. Petition to the FDA for Titanium Nitride
3.5. References

Chapter 4. Nanomaterials in Printing Inks for Food Packaging
Matthias Henker
4.1. Food Packaging and Consumer Safety
4.2. Printing Technologies
4.3. Composition and Chemistry of Printing Inks
4.4. Fastness Properties of Printing Inks
4.5. Pigments in Liquid Printing Inks
4.6. Pigments in Dry Printing Ink Films
4.7. Set-off and Fastness of Printing Ink Films
4.8. References

Chapter 5. Silver Based Materials—Applications and Legal Situation
Gregor Schneider
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Silver Use
5.3. Nanosilver as a New Technology
5.4. Use of Silver in Food Contact Materials
5.5. Nanospecific Safety Assessment
5.6. Summary and Conclusion
5.7. References

Chapter 6. The Status of the EU Legislation on Substances in Nanoform in Food Contact Materials
Rachida Semail and Hazel O’Keeffe
6.1. The EC Recommendation on the Definition of Nanomaterial
6.2. EU Sector-Specific Definitions of a Nanomaterial
6.3. Regulation of Nanomaterials in the EU Food-Contact Legislation

Chapter 7. The Status of the EU Member State Legislation on Nanomaterials in Food Contact Materials
Rachida Semail and Hazel O’Keeffe
7.1. Introduction
7.2. The Draft German Printing Inks Ordinance
7.3. The Dutch Packaging and Utensils Regulation
7.4. The Belgian Coatings Order
7.5. Overview of Registers for Substances in Nanoform in Individual Member States
7.6. Conclusion

Chapter 8. Regulation of Nanotechnology in Food-Contact Applications in the United States and in Canada
Joan Sylvain Baughan
8.1. Definitions of Nanotechnology
8.2. Systems for Regulating Nanotechnology in Food-Contact Applications in the USA
8.3. Canadian Regulation of Nanotechnology in Food-Contact Materials
8.4. Conclusion

Chapter 9. Legislative Status of Nanomaterials in Food-Contact Materials in Asia Pacific
Mark Thompson
9.1. China
9.2. Japan
9.3. India
9.4. Indonesia
9.5. The Philippines
9.6. Malaysia
9.7. Singapore
9.8. South Korea
9.9. Taiwan
9.10. Thailand
9.11. Vietnam

Chapter 10. Use of Nanomaterials for Food Packaging in Latin American and Caribbean Countries
Alejandro Ariosti and Marisa Padula
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Latin American and Caribbean Food Contact Materials Regulations
10.3. Research and Development on Food Contact Nanomaterials in Latin American and Caribbean Countries
10.4. Trends: Public and Industrial Perception and Future Trends in Safety/Regulatory Aspects in Latin American and Caribbean Countries
10.5. Conclusions
10.6. References

Chapter 11. Particle Sizing Techniques for Nanoparticles and Nanomaterials
William Kopesky, Eric Olson and Ryan Keefer
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Dispersion
11.3. LASER Diffraction Introduction and History
11.4. DLS/Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (PCS) History
11.5. NTA Introduction and History
11.6. Fractionation Techniques
11.7. References

Chapter 12. Analytical Techniques to Characterize Nanomaterials in Pristine Form and as Used in Food Contact Materials
Monita Sharma
12.1. Introduction
12.2. Analytical Techniques to Characterize Nanomaterials in Their Pristine Form
12.3. Analytical Techniques to Characterize Nanomaterials in Food and Food Contact Materials
12.4. Case Studies of Nanomaterials Used in Food Packaging/Contact Materials
12.5. Conclusions
12.6. References

Chapter 13. Toxicological Evaluation and Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials Used in Food Contact Materials
David Carlander
13.1. Introduction
13.2. Toxicity of Nanomaterials in FCMS
13.3. Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials Used in Food Contact Materials
13.4. Conclusion
13.5. References

Chapter 14. Determination of Migration of Nanoparticles from Food Contact Materials
Rob Veraart
14.1. Introduction
14.2. Which Size of the Nanoparticles Needs to be Determined?
14.3. Sampling and Preparation of Samples for Migration Testing
14.4. Sample Pretreatment of the Simulants Obtained
14.5. Fractionation Methods of Migrated Nanoparticles
14.6. Ensemble Methods for Detection of Migrated Nanoparticles
14.7. Counting Methods for Migrated Nanoparticles
14.8. Other Methods
14.9. Conclusions
14.10. References

Chapter 15. Mathematic Modelling of Migration of Nanoparticles from Food Contact Polymers
Roland Franz and Frank Welle
15.1. Introduction
15.2. Migration Modelling of Conventional Polymer Additives
15.3. Migration Modelling of Nanoparticles from Plastics Food Contact Materials
15.4. Summary and Conclusions
15.5. References

List of Acronyms
Index

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