In this timely book, leading expert on Egyptian affairs Robert Springborg explains how a country with such a long and impressive history has now arrived at this parlous condition. As Egyptians become steadily more divided by class, religion, region, ethnicity, gender and contrasting views of how, by whom and for what purposes they should be governed, so their rulers become ever more fearful, repressive and unrepresentative. Caught in a downward spiral in which poor governance is both cause and consequence, Egypt is facing a future so uncertain that it could end up resembling neighboring countries that have collapsed under similar loads. The Egyptian "hot spot", Springborg argues, is destined to become steadily hotter, with ominous implications for its peoples, the Middle East and North Africa, and the wider world.
CHAPTER ONE: ERODING HISTORICAL LEGACIES
Causes of the uprising
Why the uprising was not anticipated
Why the uprising failed
Consequences of the coup–volution
Weakening state institutions
Fraying political community
CHAPTER TWO: THE DEEP STATE PRESIDES: MILITARY, PRESIDENCY, AND INTELLIGENCE SERVICES
A limited access order
Despotic not infrastructural power: a fierce but brittle state
Caught in a socio–fiscal trap
The deep state tripod
CHAPTER THREE: UNDER THE THUMB––BUREAUCRATS, JUDGES AND PARLIAMENTARIANS
Penetration by the deep state
Divided and ruled
Nominal autonomy and the carrot and the stick
Institutionally isolated with restricted jurisdictions
Selection not election
Lurking behind the benches: subordination to the deep state
Isolated and ungrounded: parliament cut off at the feet
CHAPTER FOUR: POLITICAL AND CIVIL SOCIETY––LITTLE ROOM TO BREATHE
Indiscriminate rather than selective deterrence
Hobbled vanguards: youth and organized labor
CHAPTER FIVE: REAPING WHAT IS SOWN
In search of a development model
Rent seeking in lieu of development
Human resources imperiled
Physical and environmental decay
Foreign policy adrift
CHAPTER SIX: THE ROCKY ROAD AHEAD
Hazem Kandil, University of Cambridge
Egypt , Robert Springborg has produced a sober and devastating overview of the issues that face the country in the wake of the Arab Spring. Unlike many other commentators who focus too narrowly on today′s political actors, Springborg explores the historical, demographic, and economic forces that have created the current situation. Anybody who hopes to understand where the Egyptian state has come from, and where it is likely to go, should read this book."
Peter Hessler, staff writer at the New Yorker
Egypt , Robert Springborg′s latest release, is a fascinating exploration of the deep state that established the republic, and that continues to rule the country with an iron fist."
The New Arab "A powerful book by a respected scholar who has studied the country for many decades, Egypt traces in great detail and much clarity the traditions and mechanics of the deep state that has defined modern Egypt, including chapters on the presidency, the armed forces and security agencies, the parliament, civil society, and the rocky road ahead. I recommend it strongly to any reader who wants to understand the autocratic trends that continue to proliferate across our region."
Rami G. Khouri, American University of Beirut "Springborg′s latest work,
Egypt , stands out from the spate of books published after the 2011 uprising. In clear and engaging prose, Prof. Springborg provides a compelling argument about the challenges facing the Egyptian society and polity. Packed with telling details and insightful observations, this book provides ample food for thought for specialists and the public alike."
Middle East Policy