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Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies

  • ID: 4226402
  • Book
  • October 2017
  • 860 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies includes 34 chapters that serve to present various aspects of environmental forensics in relation to "real-world” oil spill case studies from around the globe.   Authors representing academic, government, and private researcher groups from 14 countries bring a diverse and global perspective to this volume.

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies addresses releases of natural gas/methane, automotive gasoline and other petroleum fuels, lubricants, vegetable oils, paraffin waxes, bitumen,  manufactured gas plant residues, urban runoff, and, of course, crude oil, the latter ranging from light Bakken shale oil to heavy Canadian oil sands oil.   New challenges surrounding forensic investigations of stray gas in the shallow subsurface, volatiles in air, dissolved chemicals in water (including passive samplers), and biological tissues associated with oil spills are included, as are the effects and long-term oil weathering, long-term monitoring in urbanized and non-urbanized environments, fate and transport, forensic historical research, new analytical and chemical data processing and interpretation methods.  

  • Presents cases in each chapter on the application of specific oil spill environmental forensic techniques
  • Features chapters written by international experts from both academia and industry
  • Includes relevant concepts and theories elucidated for each theme

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1. Critical Review of an inter-laboratory forensic dataset: Effects on data interpretation in oil spill studies 2. Fifty years of petroleum geochemistry: A valuable asset in petroleum environmental forensics 3. Fingerprinting Analysis and Source Differentiation of Petroleum-Contaminated Environmental Samples 4. Complexities in the application of isotope geochemistry to determine the origin of stray gases in the subsurface
case studies 5. Forensic aspects of airborne constituents following releases of crude oil into the environment 6. Combined Gas and Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry Applications for Forensic Lubricant and Vegetable Oil Spill Identification 7. Environmental forensics study of crude oil and petroleum product spills in coastal and oilfield settings: Combined insights from conventional GC-MS, thermodesorption-GC-MS and pyrolysis-GC-MS 8. Paraffin Wax Spill Identification by GC-FID and GC-MS 9. Challenges and Mysteries in Oil Spill Fate and Transport 10. Unraveling the complexities of upland spilled fuels: Selected case studies 11. Advantages of Multi-dimensional Chemical Fingerprinting in Identifying the Source of Marine Oil Spills in Bohai Bay, China 12. Distinguishing genetically-similar diesel fuels in Taiwan using Principal Component Analysis of diagnostic ratios 13. Application of CEN Methodology in Evaluating Sources of Multiple Land-Based Fuel Spills in Alberta, Canada 14. Development and Application of Phase-Specific Methods in Oiled-Water Forensic Studies 15. Applications of the CEN Methodology in Multiple Oil Spills in Spanish Waters 16. Fingerprinting of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Malaysia using Environmental Forensic Techniques: A 20-Year Field Data Review 17. Long-term monitoring study of beached oils around the Shetland Isles, United Kingdom 18. The Erika oil spill: 10 years monitoring program and effects of the weathering processes 19. Environmental Assessment of Spills Related to Oil Exploitation in Canada's Oil Sands Region 20. Chemical Fingerprinting Assessment of the Impact to River Sediments following the Bakken Crude Oil Train Derailment and Fire, Mount Carbon, West Virginia 21. The pixel based chemometric approach for source identification: Two case studies from the Persian Gulf 22. Use of Passive Samplers for PAH Forensics in Water from the Ottawa River, Ohio 23. Fingerprint and weathering characteristics of petroleum hydrocarbon in coastal zone after the "7-16” Dalian oil spill accident, China 24. Case study in the use of forensic history in matters involving pipeline ruptures 25. Comparison of quantitative and semi-quantitative methods in source identification following the OSPAR oil spill, in Parana, Brazil 26. Different forensic approaches for hydrocarbon source identification in an urban cluster environment: Guanabara Bay 27. Investigation of Hydrocarbon Sources and Biotechnologies Applications in Todos os Santos Bay, Brazil 28. Assessing the role of environmental conditions on the fate of oil following the Deepwater Horizon Spill 29. Using stable and radiocarbon analyses as a forensic tool to find evidence of oil in the particulates of the water column and on the seafloor following the 2010 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill 30. Red Crabs as Sentinel Organisms of Deepwater Horizon Oil in Gulf of Mexico Deep-Sea Sediments 31. Modeling Distribution, Fate, and Concentrations of Deepwater Horizon Oil in the Gulf of Mexico in Subsurface Waters 32. Lousiana coastal marsh environments and MC252 oil biomarker chemistry 33. Novel biological exposures following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill revealed by chemical fingerprinting 34. Characterization of petroleum associated with manufactured gas plant residues and tars in sediments

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Stout, Scott
Dr. Stout has more than 20 years of petroleum and coal industry experience. He specializes in chemical compositions of fuel-derived sources of contamination in terrestrial and marine environments, which includes crude oil, coal, gasoline and other substances.
Wang, Zhendi
Dr. Zhendi Wang is a senior research scientist and Head of Oil Spill Research of Environment Canada, working in the oil and toxic chemical spill research field. His specialties and research interests include: development of oil spill fingerprinting and tracing technology, environmental forensics of oil spill; oil properties, fate and behavior of oil and other hazardous organics in the environment; oil burn emission and products study; oil bioremediation; identification and characterization of oil hydrocarbons; and, spill treatment studies; applications of modern analytical techniques (such as GC, GC/MS, HPLC, LC/MS, SFE and SFC, and IC) to oil spill studies and other environmental science and technology.

Dr. Wang has continually and extensively led and been involved in various scientific projects, technology transfer, and national and international cooperative researches with the total funding over 3 million dollars. He has authored over 270 academic publications including 72 peer-reviewed articles and 4 invited reviews in the most respected journals in the environmental science and chemistry, and 8 books and book chapters. The productivity, excellence and achievements of Dr. Wang have established him as a national and international "leading authority on the topic?. He has won a number of national and international scientific honours and awards. Wang is also a member of America Chemical Society (ACS), the Canadian Society for Chemistry (CSC), and the International Society of Environmental Forensics.
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