Ice Caves synthesizes the latest research on ice caves from around the world, bringing to light important information that was heretofore buried in various reports, journals, and archives largely outside the public view. Ice caves have become an increasingly important target for the scientific community in the past decade, as the paleoclimatic information they host offers invaluable information about both present-day and past climate conditions. Ice caves are caves that host perennial ice accumulations and are the least studied members of the cryosphere. They occur in places where peculiar cave morphology and climatic conditions combine to allow for ice to form and persist in otherwise adverse parts of the planet. The book is an informative reference for scientists interested in ice cave studies, climate scientists, geographers, glaciologists, microbiologists, and permafrost and karst scientists.
- Covers various aspects of ice occurrence in caves, including cave climate, ice genesis and dynamics, and cave fauna
- Features an overview of the paleoclimatic significance of ice caves
- Includes over 100 color images of ice caves around the world
PART I PERENNIAL ICE ACCUMULATIONS IN CAVES: OVERVIEW 1. Introduction 2. History of Ice Caves Research 3. Ice Caves Climate 4. Ice Genesis, Morphology and Dynamics 5. Dating Cave Ice Deposits 6. Cryogenic Mineral Formation in Caves 7. Ice Cave Fauna 8. Microbial Life in Ice Caves 9. Paleoclimatic Significance of Cave Ice 10. The Management of Ice Show Caves
PART II ICE CAVES OF THE WORLD 11. Geography of Cave Glaciation 12. Ice Caves in Switzerland 13. Ice Caves in Austria 14. Ice Caves in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina 15. Ice Caves in Canada 16. Ice Caves in Croatia 17. Ice Caves in Germany 18. Ice Caves in Greece 19. Ice Caves in Italy 20. Ice Caves in Iran 21. Ice Caves in Asia 22. Ice Caves in FYR of Macedonia 23. Ice Caves in Norway, Fennoscandia and the Arctic 24. Ice Caves in Poland 25. Ice Caves in Romania 26. Ice Caves in Russia 27. Ice Caves in Serbia 28. Ice Caves in Spain 29. Ice Caves in Slovakia 30. Ice Caves in Slovenia 31. Ice Caves in the USA
Aurel Persoiu is senior research fellow at the Emil Racovi?a Institute of Speleology, Cluj Napoca, Romania. He has 17 years of experience working in ice-cave-related topics, acquired while working toward his MSc (2002) and PhD (2011), as well as during his professional career at Emil Racovita Institute of Speleology, University of South Florida, and University of Suceava. During this time, he has co-authored one book and several book chapters, written 13 articles in peer-reviewed journals and delivered more than 100 conference talks at meetings throughout the world on various topics related to ice caves. He organized the First International Workshop on Ice Caves (Cluj Napoca, Romania, 2004) as well as co-organizing several succeeding ones (2011, 2012, 2014). In 2007, he initiated the Working Group on Ice Caves within the International Speleological Union (UIS) and served as its first president between 2007 and 2009, and is currently the vice-president of the Glacier, Firn, and Ice Caves Commission of the same organization.
Stein-Erik Lauritzen is professor of speleology and quaternary geology and head of the Uranium-Series dating laboratory at the University of Bergen. His research interests span over glacier ice-contact speleogenesis, chemical kinetics, quaternary geochronology as applied to caves and landscape evolution, and the extraction of environmental information from speleothems and other cave deposits. He has worked with cave fauna and aDNA on the ancient brown bear population in Norway, and on dating early Homo sapiens artefacts in South Africa. He is an active caver, and thus enjoys cave exploration and mapping. He is a member of Centre for Early Sapiens Behaviour (SapienCE), and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research at Bergen University, and is an honorary life member of the National Speleological Society in the U.S. He was featured in a documentary on climatic research from caves and in a National Geographic documentary concerning the formation of giant gypsum crystals at the Naica Mines, Mexico. He is the initiator of the symposia series "Climate Change: The Karst record of which the first was arranged in Bergen in 1996.