The RDF Market in France (Analyst Version) - Background, Producers, Projects, and Market Estimations

  • ID: 4289357
  • Report
  • Region: France
  • 130 Pages
  • Ecoprog
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The RDF Production in France Should Increase to More Than 2 Million Tons Per Year Due to a Higher Share of Sorting Residues Used for RDF

With the 2015 law on the “Energy Transition for a Green Growth”, France has drastically changed its political attitude towards thermal waste treatment. Under this new legislation, the energy recovery of non-recyclable waste will be a major pillar of waste disposal as well as a key instrument to enlarge the share of renewable energy in France.

The new French policy unambiguously sets the focus of thermal waste treatment on pretreated waste that occurs from the sorting of different waste streams and in the form of refuse-derived fuel (RDF). This RDF comes from, amongst others, mechanical biological treatment (MBT) plants and materials recycling facilities (MRFs). Other waste infrastructures such as shredding plants or animal byproducts facilities may also be sources for RDF.

The RDF production in France should increase to more than 2 million tons per year due to a higher share of sorting residues used for RDF. This growth in RDF is accompanied by new renewable energy auctions dedicated to RDF power plants. In total, RDF combustion plants with a thermal capacity of more than 100 MW are to be supported until 2025. First RDF combustion projects are already being prepared.
Against this backdrop, ecoprog has analysed the RDF market in France on the basis of a transparent methodology.

The market study “The RDF market in France” includes:

  • A detailed analysis of the French legislation for waste management and renewable energy with a focus on RDF support schemes.
  • An overview of the different waste streams in France and estimations on the future RDF amounts in the country.
  • A analysis of nearly 700 waste infrastructure plants and projects that produce RDF or are by law intended to do so in the future. This mainly includes mechanical biological treatment Plants, household waste MRFs, C&I waste MRFs, shredding plants and animal byproducts facilities.
  • Evaluation of the market players active in the ownership and operation of these plants.
  • Geographical preparation of possible RDF sources in the form of regional maps.
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Management Summary

Part 1: Legal and market development
1 Country data
1.1 Population
1.2 Administration
1.3 Economic structure and development

2 Waste legislation
2.1 Responsibilities in the French waste sector
2.2 European legislation
2.3 Evolution of French waste laws
2.4 Current waste legislation
2.5 New regulatory framework for RDF

3 Renewable energy legislation
3.1 European legislation
3.2 Development of French renewable energy legislation
3.3 Support for renewable power generation
3.4 Support schemes for renewable heating and cooling
3.5 Call for tenders for RDF projects

4 Waste streams
4.1 Overall waste amounts
4.2 Municipal solid waste
4.3 Commercial and industrial (C&I) waste
4.4 Construction and demolition waste
4.5 Other waste streams

5 RDF in France
5.1 Theoretical potential
5.2 Government target
5.3 Current RDF production
5.4 Current consumption
5.5 Prices
5.6 Known RDF combustion projects and plants
5.7 Remaining market potential

Part 2: Producers of RDF
6 Mechanical biological treatment (MBT) plants
6.1 General input and technology
6.2 Current asset
6.3 Operators
6.4 Future development
6.5 Output material and RDF production
6.6 List of plants & projects

7 Household waste MRFs
7.1 General input and technology
7.2 Current asset
7.3 Operators
7.4 Future development
7.5 Output material and RDF production
7.6 List of plants & projects

8 C&I waste MRFs
8.1 General input & technology
8.2 Current asset
8.3 Operators
8.4 Future development
8.5 Output material and RDF production
8.6 List of plants

9 Others potential producers of RDF
9.1 Animal by-products storage facilities
9.2 Shredding plants

Part 3: Regional overview
10 Maps
10.1 Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine (Grand-Est)
10.2 Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes (Nouvelle-Aquitaine)
10.3 Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
10.4 Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
10.5 Bretagne
10.6 Centre-Val de Loire
10.7 Ile-de-France
10.8 Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées (Occitanie)
10.9 Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie (Hauts-de-France)
10.10 Normandie
10.11 Provence-Alpes-Côte D'Azur
10.12 Pays de la Loire

Annex A: (Potential) RDF producers by size
MBT plants
Household waste MRFs
C&I waste MRFs

Annex B: Waste combustion plants (without RDF)
Household waste incineration plants
Cement kilns
RDF power plants

Annex C: Waste disposal authorities in France
Plant register

List of Figures
Figure 1: Metropolitan France regions
Figure 2: Population density of continental France, by departments
Figure 3: Regions in France
Figure 4: Revenues by sector in France in 2014
Figure 5: GDP development
Figure 6: Intercommunal structures with own-source tax revenue in France as of 1 July 2016
Figure 7: Type of actors in the waste management sector in France
Figure 8: Time schedule of the Landfill Directive
Figure 9: Reduction of landfilled biodegradable waste (third term)
Figure 10: Hierarchy for waste handling
Figure 11: Development of waste law
Figure 12: ICPE plants allowed to prepare RDF
Figure 13: Share of renewable energy in final energy consumption of France in 2014
Figure 14: Energy mix of district heating in France in 2014
Figure 15: Sources of waste produced in 2012
Figure 16: Evolution of waste produced in France from 2004-2012
Figure 17: Distribution of non-hazardous, non-mineral waste production in 2012
Figure 18: Non-hazardous waste production in 2012 by type
Figure 19: Shares of incineration, recycling and landfilling of municipal solid waste in France
Figure 20: Mixed residual waste by type in France 2007
Figure 21: Evolution of non-hazardous, non-mineral waste produced in the C&I sector
Figure 22: Treatment of non-hazardous waste from the trade sector in 2012
Figure 23: Treatment of non-hazardous, non-mineral industrial waste in 2012
Figure 24: Evolution of non-hazardous, non-mineral C&D waste produced from 2004-2012
Figure 25: Location of cement plants in France
Figure 26: RDF consumption in cement kilns
Figure 27: Known RDF projects
Figure 28: RDF potential, targets and current status
Figure 29: Overview MBT plant
Figure 30: Selected technologies for waste separation
Figure 31: MBT plants in France
Figure 32: Capacity of active MBT plants
Figure 33: Age of active MBT plants
Figure 34: Owner and operator market shares in the MBT sector in France
Figure 35: Possible output streams from an MBT plant
Figure 36: Example of a plastic MRF
Figure 37: Waste input of household waste MRFs
Figure 38: Household waste MRFs in France
Figure 46: Distribution of active C&I sorting plants according to start of operation
Figure 47: Owner and operator market share in the C&I sorting sector in France
Figure 48: Distribution of input waste stream in C&I sorting plants
Figure 49: Map of active animal by-product storage plants in France
Figure 50: Map of active shredding plants in France
Figure 51: Map of waste incineration plants in France

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