Glass Factories under the Industrial Emissions Directive (Analyst Version) - Sites, Competition and Investment Potentials in Europe

  • ID: 4290312
  • Report
  • Region: Global, Europe
  • 182 Pages
  • Ecoprog
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By 2020, About 14 Billion Eur Will Be Invested in the European Glass Industry - an Annual Increase of Up to 45 Per Cent in Comparison to the Past Years’ Average

The market for modernisation measures at European glass factories will increase considerably in the years to come: By 2020, about 14 billion EUR will be invested in the European glass industry - an annual increase of up to 45 per cent in comparison to the past years’ average.

The main reason for this growth is the coming into force of the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), which defines EU-wide limit values for air and water emissions for different industrial sectors, from 2016 on. The specific limit values are determined in the BAT reference documents (BAT stands for Best Available Techniques) and the BAT conclusions. The glass industry is one of the first industries BAT conclusions have already been published for. The content of these conclusions and the way the affected glass factories will handle them thus also give a signal to other industries.

More than 420 European glass factories have to comply with the limit values from 2016 on. The limit values for nitrogen oxides and sulphur oxides will be particularly challenging for many glass factory operators, both in technical and financial terms - and especially in countries with so far less strict legal frameworks, as is the case in many Eastern European states. However, there are also many glass factories lacking state-of-the-art technology in countries such as France and Spain.

This means that most glass manufacturers have to invest in modernising their factories. Funds will go to optimising individual production processes or to new technical components for flue gas cleaning, furnace technology or sealing the melter.

In the light of this development, ecoprog has collected information on the affected glass factories and calculated the investment potentials by country.

The analyst version of the study “Glass Factories under the Industrial Emissions Directive” includes:

  • A detailed analysis of the IED, the BAT conclusions and other important legal frameworks as well as the assessment of their importance for the glass industry
  • Geographical presentation of the largest national markets in Europe
  • A reliable estimation of future investment volumes by country
  • A competitive analysis of the most important glass manufacturers in the European market
  • An overview of the most important plant technology and cost structures in the glass industry
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Preface to the Analyst Version

Preface

Management summary

1 Background
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Differentiation
1.3 Definitions

2 Plant technology
2.1 Glass batch preparation
2.2 Glass melting and refining
2.3 Cooling and forming
2.4 Flue gas cleaning

3 Costs
3.1 Investment costs
3.2 Current costs
3.3 Costs for reducing emissions

4 Current legal framework and market factors
4.1 Industrial Emissions Directive (IED)
4.2 BAT conclusions for the glass manufacturing industry
4.3 European Union Emissions Trading Scheme
4.4 Concentration processes in Europe
4.5 Transport and dependencies

5 Glass factories and market
5.1 Glass factories
5.2 Market

6 Competition
6.1 Glass manufacturers
6.2 Technology providers

7 National markets and sites
7.1 Austria
7.2 Belgium
7.3 Bulgaria
7.4 Croatia
7.5 Czech Republic
7.6 Denmark
7.7 Estonia
7.8 Finland
7.9 France
7.10 Germany
7.11 Greece
7.12 Hungary
7.13 Italy
7.14 Latvia
7.15 Lithuania
7.16 Luxembourg
7.17 Netherlands
7.18 Norway
7.19 Poland
7.20 Portugal
7.21 Romania
7.22 Slovakia
7.23 Slovenia
7.24 Spain
7.25 Sweden
7.26 United Kingdom

Data origin and methodology

Glossary

List of Figures
Figure 1: Analysed area
Figure 2: Schematic illustration of a glass factory
Figure 3: Types of glass furnaces in European glass factories
Figure 4: Model of a regenerative glass furnace, end-port
Figure 5: Model of a (recuperative) glass furnace, side-port
Figure 6: Melting capacities of different type of furnaces
Figure 7: Melting phases in glass manufacturing
Figure 8: Overview investment costs
Figure 9: Breakdown of investment costs in glass factories
Figure 10: Current costs of glass manufacturing
Figure 11: Investment costs for emission reduction measures
Figure 12: BAT emission limit value ranges or air emissions
Figure 13: BAT emission limit values for sewages
Figure 14: Kyoto targets and status of implementation
Figure 15: Price development of EU certificate trading
Figure 16: Glass production development in Europe 2002-2012
Figure 17: Production and balance of foreign trade in Europe 2012
Figure 18: Overview on associated Industries
Figure 19: Glass factories in Europe according to the IED
Figure 20: IED glass production sites in Europe
Figure 21: IED production capacities in Europe
Figure 22: Production capacity per region and glass type at IED sites in Europe
Figure 23: Annual glass production in Europe
Figure 24: Data on the glass industry per country
Figure 25: Market forecast Europe
Figure 26: Investment potential by industrial sector in Europe 2014-2020
Figure 27: Emission reduction measures
Figure 28: Investment evaluation per region and adaption technology
Figure 29: Market volume in Europe 2014-2020
Figure 30: Temporal distribution of investments in Europe 2014-2020
Figure 31: Investment potential in European countries
Figure 32: Market volume investments in glass factories 2014-2020 (in million €)
Figure 33: The most important European glass manufactures
Figure 34: The ten largest glass factory operators in Europe
[…]
Figure 180: Structure of the glass industry in the United Kingdom
Figure 181: Analysed sites by industrial sector in the United Kingdom
Figure 182: Glass production in the United Kingdom
Figure 183: Glass industry’s energy purchase in the United Kingdom
Figure 184: Glass factories in the United Kingdom
Figure 185: Investment potential by industrial sector in the United Kingdom 2014-2020
Figure 186: Market forecast United Kingdom
Figure 187: Differentiation of market regions

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