Democratization

  • ID: 4290582
  • Book
  • 560 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This is the first textbook comprehensively to explore and explain the story of democratization in the modern world.

In Part I, democratization is defined and the theorical approaches, explanatory factors and comparative methods used throughout the book are introduced. Each of the subsequent twenty chapters can stand on its own, but all have been framed by the explanatory framework set out here.

Part II surveys the course of democratization in Europe and the USA from 1760 to 1989. It examines the early breakthrough of the French and American revolutions, the inter–war crises of European democracy, the impact of the Second World War on European polities and the struggle of the Civil Rights Movement in the USA.

Latin America and Asia are considered in Part III. Two chapters address the distinctive story of democratization in Latin America generally from the 1930s to the 1990s. The Asia chapters explain the political trajectories of India, China, South Korea, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.

The relative weakness of democratization in sub–Saharan Africa and the Middle East is interrogated in Part IV. Explanations of the general patterns of democratization in the two regions are complemented by individual case studies of South Africa and Israel. There is also a synoptic consideration of the relationship between Islam and democracy.

Part V tackles the democratic revolutions of 1989 and their aftermath in Eastern Europe, Russia and other states. The enmeshment of these processes of democratization with nationalist struggles is highligted in a study of Czechoslovkia and Yugoslavia, while the particular course of the remaining socialist states is examined in a chapter on Vietnam.

Finally, the conclusion both reviews the regional variations of democratization and considers the pressing question of how democracies onece created can be sustained.

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Preface.

Part I: Framework for Analysis: .

1. Explaining Democratization: David Potter.

Part II: Europe and the USA: .

Introduction.

2. Democracy in the ′long nineteenth century′: 1760–1919: David Goldblatt.

3. The Crisis of Modern Democracy, 1919–45: Richard Bessel.

4. Democracy in Europe: 1939–89: David Goldblatt.

5. Democracy in the USA Since 1945: Richard Maidment.

Afterword.

Part III: Latin America and Asia:.

Introduction.

6. Democracy and Dictatorship in Latin America, 1930–80: Paul Cammack.

7. Democratization in Latin America, 1980–95: Walter Little.

8. Why have the Political Trajectories of Inda and China been Different?: Vicky Randall.

9. Democratization at the Same Time in South Korea and Taiwan.

10. Why has Democratization been a Weaker Impulse in Indonesia and Malaysia than in the Philippines?: James Putzel.

Afterword.

Part IV: Africa and the Middle East: .

Introduction.

11. The Rise and Fall and Rise (and Fall?) of Democracy in Sub–Saharan Africa: John A. Wiseman.

12. South Africa: Democracy Delayed: Margaret Kiloh.

13. Middle East Exceptionalism – Myth or Reality?: Simon Bromley.

14. Islam and Democracy: Nazih N. Ayubi.

15. Israel: Constraints on Consolidation: Michael Dumper.

Afterword.

Part V: Communist and Post–Communist Countries: .

Introduction.

16. Democratization in Eastern Europe.

17. Asia′s Troubled Transition: Stephen White.

18. Political Participation in Post–Communist Democracies: Paul Lewis.

19. Nationalism, Community and Democratic Transition in Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

20. Political Change in Vietnam: Martin Gainsborough.

Afterword.

Part VI: Conclusion: .

21. From Democratization to Democratic Consolidation: Adrian Leftwich.

Acknowledgements.

Index.

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"The first comprehensive textbook to address this central political phenomenon."The Times Higher Education Supplement

"A fine array of specialist contributors ... especially welcome to see these issues presented clearly and without jargon." Commonwealth and Comparative Politics

"A significant contribution to the academic study of the causes and process of democratization ... the contributing authors achieve a high degree of clarity without sacrificing theoretical and analytical depth." Democratization

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