Ground Rules in Humanitarian Design. AD Reader - Product Image

Ground Rules in Humanitarian Design. AD Reader

  • ID: 4290659
  • Book
  • 264 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Today, the ambition to provide humanitarian architecture for areas in acute need whether afflicted by disease, poverty, conflict or ecological disaster is driving design innovation worldwide among practitioners and educators. While still at college, many North American and European students are being given the opportunity to participate directly in programmes that provide vital facilities for communities abroad. Ground Rules for Humanitarian Design seeks to provide parameters for engagement at a time when these international initiatives remain largely ad hoc. Through the publication of technical and theoretical writings on the subject, this anthology establishes foundations for thinking about design and its role in development for global change. Ground Rules for Humanitarian Design provides an indispensable resource for designers, academics, and humanitarian organisations faced with building after disaster and engaged in the search for the sustainable inclusion of cultural code and compassion as a technology for design innovation.

The integration of culture, art, architecture, economy, ecology, health and education, are absolute necessities for design and architecture. The book is organised into distinct sections, with contributions from experts on the topics of land, health, water, ecology, local materials and skills, housing, education and planning. Richly illustrated, this publication combines graphic documentation of projects, maps and data–tracking developments in the Americas, Asia and Africa. The content is underpinned by an opening section that defines humanitarian design even as this term evolves in practice.

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8 Introduction

Ground Rules for Humanitarian Design

18 Part 1 Histories of Humanitarian Design and Aid

20 Humanitarian Design
Notes for a DefinitionChristian Hubert and Ioanna Theocharopoulou

36 Fifty Years of the Community–Led Incremental Development
Paradigm for Urban Housing and Place–MakingJohn FC Turner and Patrick Wakely

56 Part 2 Land

58 Real Estate and Property Rights in Humanitarian DesignJesse M Keenan

70 Remediating EcocideAlice Min Soo Chun

86 Part 3 Crisis in Health and Culture

88 Crisis Architecture
Conflict, Cultures of Displacement and Crisis–formsJ Yolande Daniels

98 Emergency Medical StructuresSabrina Plum

110 Part 4 Water and Sanitation

112 Fluid Matters
On Water and DesignElizabeth Parker

124 Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions
Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage to Reduce the Burden of Diarrhoeal Disease in Developing CountriesDaniele Lantagne

134 Part 5 Ecology and Humanitarian Design

136 Architectures of Eco–LiteracyEric Höweler and J Meejin Yoon

142 Circling Research with Design
NLÉ s African Water Cities Project and Prototype Floating School for MakokoKunlé Adeyemi

148 Part 6 Local Materials and Local Skills

150 Intelligent Materials and TechnologyAlice Min Soo Chun

168 One CityMerritt Bulcholz

176 Part 7 Shelter and Housing

178 Missing ScalesDeborah Gans

192 reCOVER
Emergency Shelter InterventionsAnselmo G Canfora

210 Part 8 Education and Practice

212 Humanitarian Architecture Is Hip. Now What?Eric Cesal

218 Reading Codes Is a Whole New WorldGrainne Hassett

238 Part 9 Architecture, Planning and Politics

240 Delmas 32
A Post–Disaster Planning Experience in HaitiSabine Malebranche

250 Building On, Over, With
Postcolonialism and Humanitarian DesignIrene E Brisson

258 Select Bibliography

259 Index

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Alice Min Soo Chun is assistant professor of design and material culture at Parsons The New School for Design, with a focus on material technology and renewable energy. She is CEO and president of FAARM, a non–profit organisation, dedicated to humanitarian design efforts worldwide and co–founder of Solight Design, a design startup in New York City. She has taught architecture at Columbia University, the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Arizona, and has been building award–winning community outreach projects. Her work has been published in the New York Times, Architectural Record, Dwell and the Journal of Architectural Education, the Herald Tribune and the New York Observer.

Irene Brisson is a designer and educator interested in the development and implementation of equitable design processes. As vice–president of FAARM she has led design and research projects in southern Haiti since 2010. An alumna of Columbia University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, she has taught at Parsons the New School for Design and Bowling Green State University and is a doctoral student in the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Michigan.

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