In landscape architecture, representation has become the subject of contention and much discussion. While computer techniques have been a catalyst for change across the field of design as a whole, nowhere have the conventions of representation been called into question more than in landscape architecture which in itself is undergoing a process of reinvention. With the onset of rapid urbanisation and our shifting relationship with nature, landscape architecture has proved a potent lens for expressing a wider dialogue taking place in the world. It is, however, only through the introduction of innovative forms of representation whether digital, analogue or hybrid that one most vividly sees the emergence of the new.
In this book, Diana Balmori explores notions of representation in the discipline at large and across time. She takes us back to landscape design s roots in the seventeenth century in France and the eighteenth century in England, when it first grappled with questions of imagined exterior space. She explores the discipline s relationship to painting and the influence of cartography with its bird′s–eye views, topographic sections and perspectives. She highlights how new attempts at representation by modern landscape artists such as Patricia Johanson, Ian Hamilton Finlay and David Hockney continue to wrestle with the depiction of landscape. More specifically, she looks at the work of Bernard Lassus, Richard Haag, Stig L Andersson, Lawrence Halprin and Patricia Johanson, as well as that of some of the most influential landscape urbanists.
The narrative and rich selection of images illustrated here convey Balmori s deep knowledge and ensuing pleasure and delight in the act of drawing. An inspiring and informative investigation of beauty in all of its forms, this volume provides landscape design students and professionals with creative perspectives on a crucial aspect of the design process.
Foreword by Michel Conan 010
Chapter 1: The Contemporary Reinvention of Landscape Architecture and its Representation 019
Chapter 2: The Pleasure of Drawing 032
Chapter 3: Notebooks, Early Sketches and Late Drawings 041
Chapter 4: Contemporary Landscape Architects and Landscape Artists 076
Landscape Urbanism 078
Bernard Lassus 087
Patricia Johanson 094
Richard Haag (Rich Haag Associates) 100
Stig L Andersson (SLA) 103
Diana Balmori 009 Contents Diana Balmori (Balmori Associates) 114
Lawrence Halprin (Lawrence Halprin and Associates) 107Summary 140
Chapter 5: Historical Issues in Landscape Architecture Representation 146
Drawing and Painting 147
Representation of Representation 152
Representation of Space 159
Integrated Drawings 168
Representation of Time 173
Chapter 6: Contemporary Issues Deriving from Change 181
Computing and Hybridising 181
From a Fixed to a Changing Arcadia 183
Project Team Credits 189
Picture Credits 199
Diana Balmori, FASLA is the founding principal of Balmori Associates Landscape and Urban Design, a New York based experimental design office that explores the line between landscape and architecture and between nature and culture. Her practice seeks also to re–enter landscape into the family of the arts with new formal aims. She teaches at Yale School of Architecture.