Smart Grid - A Vision and Road Map for Indian Power Sector

  • ID: 4311380
  • Report
  • Region: India
  • 250 Pages
  • SNP Infra Research Solutions Private Limited
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The Indian power sector consists of diverse participants including generation, transmission, and distribution utilities, and system and market operators. For efficient functioning of the sector, effective communication between these entities is of vital importance.

In context of increasing demand-supply gap of electricity and the need to optimize electricity usage, it has become imperative for India to focus on smart grids. The idea behind India’s smart grid vision is to transform India’s power sector to develop a secure, adaptive, efficient, and sustainable system within a stipulated time-frame that provides reliable and competitive energy to meet the needs and aspirations of all citizens through active participation of all stakeholders and innovative technologies and policies.

India has also recently launched the National Mission on Electric Mobility (NMEM), with a target of 6 million electric vehicles - 4 million two-wheelers and 2 million four-wheelers - by 2020. For an efficient rollout of the Electric Vehicle (EV) programme, there is a need for upgrades in electrical distribution infrastructure and smarter systems which will control/limit simultaneous charging of hundreds of EVs from the same feeder.

The power sector can be seen as a logical information network where nodes, representing information sources and sinks, are interconnected with information links. Information travels from source nodes to destination nodes over information links across devices belonging to different systems, organizations, people, information representation formats, and communication protocols. To facilitate seamless communication between these nodes, a set of Interoperability Standards are required.

This report compiles, analyses, and refines the different approaches to interoperability and standardization in the field of power distribution networks. It defines an analysis framework or “Interoperability Matrix”, and uses this to categorize and compare the different existing approaches. The interoperability matrix has been developed for various application domains such as automated meter reading (AMR)/automated metering infrastructure (AMI), demand response (DR), data management system (DMS), network communication, wide area measurement systems (WAMS), electric transport and cyber security. Additionally, the report details national initiatives and international experience (U.S., Japan, Ireland, Germany, China, Denmark, Canada and Australia) with respect to interoperability. A gap analysis is also carried out to bring out best practices suited to the Indian scenario.

The report concludes by providing a road map for achieving a high degree of interoperability between communication entities and applications.

Key points that emerged from the analysis are as follows:

  • Need for enterprise layer standards
  • Communication between HES and data concentrator unit (DCU)
  • Developments required to be undertaken for localized communication networks i.e. from DCU to all meters.

In addition to the above, the report also proposes institutional capacity development, and regulatory and training measures that need to be undertaken to promote communication and application Interoperability.

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1. Executive Summary

2. Overview & Background

  • Smart Grid Definition - U.S. Department of Energy (DoE)
  • Why Smart Grid
  • Concept of Smart Grids & Key Characteristics
  • Background: Smart Grids
  • Relevance of Smart Grids to The Indian Power Sector
  • Potential Benefits of The Smart Grid

3. Key Drivers for Smart Grid in India

  • Drivers in India
    • Utilities
    • Customers
    • Government and Regulators
  • Global Drivers
  • Drivers in oECD Countries
  • Smart Grid Focus Areas in India

4. Smart Grid Framework

  • Participants of The Smart Grid Network
    • Generation Utilities
    • Transmission Utilities
    • System operators
    • Market operators
    • Distribution Utilities
  • Participants of The information Network
    • Data Flow Network
    • Scheduling of Energy
    • operational Flow
    • Commercial Flow
  • Smart Grid: A Hierarchical Network
  • Cyber Security

5. Smart Grid Interoperability and Its Framework

  • Interoperability Matrix - Entities and Communication
  • Interoperability Matrix - Applications and Communications
  • Interoperability Matrix - Mapping Between Entities and
  • Application Domains

6. Economics and Financing

  • Engineering Economic
  • Traditional Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • Cost Analysis
    • Benefits Analysis
  • Calculating Project Costs and Benefits
  • Technology Costs for A First Time Implementation

7. Regulatory Framework

  • Smart Grid Vision for India
  • Smart Grid Milestones and Activities
    • During 12th Plan
    • During 13th Plan
    • During 14th Plan
  • Policy Support to Promote Smart Grid Technologies

8. Business Case for Smart Grid Implementation in India

  • RAPDRP Implementation in India
  • Smart Green Complex
  • Hybrid Electric Vehicles
  • Replacement of Gensets with Renewable Energy
  • Irrigation Pumping
  • Wastewater Treatment Plant
  • Distributed Generation and Integration of Renewable Energy
  • Time-of-Use (ToU) Rate

9. Current Status: Smart Grid Initiatives

  • Initiatives Abroad - Goals, Resources and Current Status
    • United States
    • United Kingdom
    • Ireland
    • Japan
    • Germany
    • China
    • Denmark
    • Canada
    • Australia
  • Initiatives in India - Goals, Resources and Current Status
    • India Smart Grid Vision
    • National Smart Grid Mission
    • India Smart Grid Task force
    • India Smart Grid Forum
    • Restructured Accelerated Power Development and
    • Reforms Programme
    • Progress of Smart Grid Pilot Project in Indian State
  • Smart Grid Technology Development in India
  • Gap Analysis - Goals, Resources, Methods and Status

10. Barriers & Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation in India

  • Risks Associated with Smart Grid Projects
  • Challenges for The Smart Grid
  • Cyber Threats
  • Funding Issues for India
  • Regulatory Issues
  • Suggestion & Recommendation

11. Road Map Ahead

  • Vision for Smart Grid Deployment to 2050
  • Electric Vehicles Infrastructure and Program in India
  • Smart Grid Elements and Components for India (2010-2020)
  • opportunities: US-India Collaboration

12.  Glossary

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