Technology Forecast for Wind Power to 2026

  • ID: 4313398
  • Report
  • 170 Pages
  • Wind Power Monthly: Intelligence Division
1 of 5
An Emerging Trend Is the Development and Introduction of Next Generation, Large Onshore Turbines in the Range 3.6–5MW

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • 2-B Energy
  • Butzkies
  • Fuhrländer
  • Mecal
  • Prysmian Group
  • Sway
  • MORE

The most topical technology question facing the wind power industry today is: how much bigger will turbines become? Generally, bigger power ratings tend to be accompanied by larger rotors but configuration choices also depend upon wind class, which in turn calls for stronger gears and bearings, reinforced structural designs, larger foundations and so on.

This report addresses these questions and more; going through the technological challenges facing the industry and gives an insightful perspective into the most likely ways forward.

Since the last version of this report was issued in 2015, the two major developments in the sector have been the significant growth in offshore wind, plus an unexpectedly fast drop in generating costs, and the rapid development of low-wind turbines onshore. Both areas have presented new technological challenges and opened up avenues for further industrial development. An emerging trend is the development and introduction of next generation, large onshore turbines in the range 3.6–5MW, with matching rotor diameters for different wind classes. These issues are explored in some detail in the following chapters.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 5

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • 2-B Energy
  • Butzkies
  • Fuhrländer
  • Mecal
  • Prysmian Group
  • Sway
  • MORE

1. Global wind energy market

  • Overview
    • Cumulative installed capacity, 2015
    • Annual installed capacity forecast
  • Offshore wind status

2. The next ten years: main trends in R&D

  • Scaling and its effects
    • Large onshore turbines
  • Beyond 8MW
    • Product life cycles - environmental facts
    • Evolutionary versus revolutionary product development
    • The ultimate wind turbine: future directions

3. Wind turbines   

  • Overview
  • Main operating principles
  • Turbineoutput control
    • Fixed-speed operation
    • Active stall
    • Pitch control
    • Yaw control
    • Smart blades
  • Horizontal-axis turbines
    • Upwind and downwind
    • Number of blades
    • Cost and weight
    • Other innovative two- and four-bladed developments
    • Diffuser augmented wind turbines
  • Multi-rotorsystems
  • Vertical-axis turbines
    • The Darrieus principle
    • Classic and H-type
    • Coupled vortex system
    • V-shaped rotor
  • Analysis and forecasts

4. Power conversion

  • Overview
  • Introduction to drive systems
  • Main design configurationsfor horizontal-axis turbines
    • Non-integrated, high-speed geared turbines
    • Semi-integrated, high-speed geared turbines
    • Semi-integrated, distributed high-speed geared turbines
      • Multi Duored distributed gearbox design
    • Direct-drive turbines
    • Two-stage, medium speed
    • Three-stage, medium speed
  • Other hydraulic and mechanical drive solutions
  • Generator solutions
    • Asynchronous: squirrel cage or induction type
    • Classic synchronous with electrical field excitation (EESG)
    • EESG versus PMG - availability, operation and turbine control
    • Axial and radial flux - types and cooling
    • Modular FSPM-generator
    • Doubly fed induction generators
    • High-temperature superconducting
  • Power convertersand transformers
    • Full and partial converter
    • Rotor current control
  • System efficiencies
  • Capacity factor and energy yield
    • Yield-boosting options
      • Increasing the size of the rotor for a given power rating
      • Optimising measures
      • Increasing the height of the tower
    • Enercon Storm Control
    • Reliability and availability aspects
  • Individual rotor blade pitch control
  • Predicting the approaching wind
    • Laser-basedsystems
    • lidor system integration and positioning options
    • Full swept rotor wind and performance analysis
      • Sensors
  • Gearbox size limitations
  • Safety
    • Independent aerodynamic braking
    • Mechanical rotor holding brake
  • Analysis and forecasts

5. Main components       

  • Overview
  • New developments in hub height
  • Steel towers: tubular, bolted-steel segm
  • Concrete and concrete-steel hybrid towers
    • Bolted steel she I I technology
    • Economic viability
    • New high tower designs
  • Analysis and forecasts
  • Blades overview
  • Blade design
    • Improved aerodynamics
  • Automation: observations from an Enercon factory visit
  • Composite materials
  • Manufacturing options
  • Segmented blades: technology, experience and outlook
  • Modular blade development strategies
  • Trends to enhance rotor efficiency
    • New aerofoil
    • Spoiler and barrier
    • Slender rotor blades
    • Limitations to rotor size
    • Thermoplastic materials
  • Analysis and forecasts

6. Generator types and grid integration

  • Overview
  • Doubly fed induction generators
    • Manufacturer close-ups
  • Analysis and forecasts

7. Power transmission

  • Overview
  • Absorption of wind capacity into the grid
  • Land-based wind power transmission
  • Cross-border power transmission
  • Distributed power
  • Island grid systems
    • Gamesa case study: Gamesa's offgrid solution
  • Analysis and forecasts

8. Power storage

  • Overview
    • System efficiency
  • Batteries, flywheels
  • Supercapacitors
  • Power-to-gas
    • Power to ammonia
  • Temporary energy storage
  • Analysis and forecast

9. Special wind conditions

  • Overview
    • Low wind
    • High wind
    • Cold climate operation
  • Economics: the debate
    • Impact on energy yield
    • Impact on returns
  • Specific power rating
  • Wind speed and rotor swept-area
  • Blade length and construction
    • Height limits (onshore)

10. Offshore wind conditions

  • Overview
  • Main operational challenges
  • Dedicatedturbine design
    • Specific power rating optimisation strategies
  • Increasein turbine size to 10-12MW
    • Impact of height restrictions
  • Floating to fixed
  • Floating foundations
  • Other foundation types
  • Cables
  • Overview and technology outlook
  • Main vessel types and installation methods
  • Analysis and forecast
  • Offshore wind power transmission
  • Long-distance transmission with HVDC
  • Interconnectionissues
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 5

Loading
LOADING...

4 of 5
  • 2-B Energy
  • ABB
  • Acciona
  • ADES
  • Advanced Tower Solutions (ATS)
  • Adwen
  • Aerodyn Energiesysteme
  • AES Corporation
  • Air Liquide
  • Airtricity
  • Akzo Nobel
  • Alevo
  • Alstom
  • AMSC Windtec
  • Aquion Energy
  • Areva
  • Azimut
  • Ballast Nedam
  • BAM International
  • BARD Engineering
  • Blade Dynamics
  • Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF)
  • Bonus
  • British Royal Yachting Association
  • Butzkies
  • CG
  • Clipper
  • Condor Wind Energy
  • CSIC
  • Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME)
  • Danish Technical University (DTU)
  • DeWind
  • Drössler Umwelttechnik
  • Duke Energy
  • E.on
  • EA Technology and Community Energy Scotland (CES)
  • East Penn Manufacturing
  • ECN
  • EcoSwing
  • Ecoult
  • EDF Renewable Energy
  • Enel Green Power
  • Enercon
  • Energiequelle
  • Envision
  • Euros
  • Eversheds
  • Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
  • Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy
  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
  • Freqcon
  • Fuhrländer
  • Gamesa
  • GE Offshore Wind
  • General Electric
  • Germany Trade & Invest
  • Gigha Green Power
  • Goldwind
  • GreenSpur Renewables Ltd
  • GWEC
  • Hyundai
  • IKEA
  • INNWIND
  • International Energy Agency (IEA)
  • Invenergy
  • Kenetech
  • Lagerwey
  • Leitwind
  • LG Chem
  • Lichtblick
  • LM Wind Power
  • Max Bögl Group
  • Maxwell Technologies
  • Mecal
  • MHI Vestas
  • Micon
  • Ming Yang
  • Mita Technik
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI)
  • Moventas
  • Multiwind
  • Nafin
  • National Grid
  • Navigant (formerly BTM Consult)
  • Nedwind
  • NEG Micon
  • Nordex
  • Nordic Windpower
  • Norsetek AS
  • NUON
  • Ogin
  • Pacific Gas & Electric
  • Parker Hannifin
  • Pfleiderer
  • PJM Interconnection
  • Postensa Wind Structures
  • Prysmian Group
  • REDT
  • REpower
  • RES
  • Research Center for Energy Economics
  • Risø-DTU
  • Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI)
  • Romax Technology
  • Royal BAM Group
  • RWE
  • Saft
  • Samsung
  • San Diego Gas & Electric
  • Scottish and Southern Energy (SSE)
  • Seatower
  • Seawind Ocean Technology
  • Senvion
  • Siemens
  • SkyWind
  • Sonnen
  • Southern California Edison
  • SSB Wind Systems
  • SSP Technology
  • Super Compact Drive (SCD)
  • Suzlon
  • Sway
  • Tacke Windtechnik
  • Tallaght Smart Grid Testbed
  • Tennet
  • Terna
  • Tesla
  • The Switch
  • Totaro & Associates
  • TSO Energinet
  • TU Delft
  • UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC)
  • University of New South Wales
  • Vattenfall
  • Venpower
  • Vensys
  • Vergnet
  • Vertiwind
  • Vestas
  • Vortec
  • Weier Antriebe und Energietechnik GmbH
  • Win Inertia
  • Wind Energy Solutions (WES)
  • Wind Harvest International (WHI)
  • Wind Power Ltd
  • Wind Power Monthly
  • Wind To Energy
  • Wind-Direct
  • WindMaster
  • Winergy
  • WinWind
  • XEMC Darwind
  • Younicos
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
5 of 5
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Adroll
adroll