The Dentistry Essentials are an international series of textbooks, designed to support lecture series or themes on core topics within dentistry.
Essential Orthodontics is a comprehensive introduction to the biological principles of orthodontics. This book covers the why, when and how of orthodontics, enabling readers to identify which individuals need to be treated, to diagnose based on individual dentofacial development, and to understand the mechanical principles and tissue responses involved.
Divided into three parts, this authoritative resource covers pretreatment considerations, treatment principles of skeletal and dentoalveolar anomalies, and tissue response to orthodontic and orthopaedic forces. Classification of malocclusions and craniofacial growth and development are discussed, and the text explores how to distinguish between normal occlusion and malocclusions. Essential Orthodontics outlines how to perform a comprehensive orthodontic examination leading to an orthodontic diagnosis, and the formation of a treatment plan.
Following a student–friendly layout with key topics and learning objectives, Essential Orthodontics is an accessible yet comprehensive resource for both undergraduate and postgraduate dental students.
List of Abbreviations vii
Part 1 Pretreatment Considerations 1
1 Orthodontic panorama 3Birgit Linnea Thilander, Erik Krister Bjerklin and Lars Johan Bondemark
2 Classification of malocclusions 7Lars Johan Bondemark
3 Craniofacial growth and development 21Birgit Linnea Thilander
4 Diagnostic examinations 45Erik Krister Bjerklin and Lars Johan Bondemark
Part 2 Treatment Principles of Skeletal and Dentoalveolar Anomalies 57
5 Sagittal, vertical and transversal discrepancies between the jaws 59Lars Johan Bondemark
6 Crowding of teeth 81Erik Krister Bjerklin and Lars Johan Bondemark
7 Spacing of teeth 93Birgit Linnea Thilander and Erik Krister Bjerklin
8 Malposition of single teeth 101Erik Krister Bjerklin
Part 3 Tissue Response to Orthodontic and Orthopaedic Forces 113
9 Tissue response to orthodontic forces 115Brigit Linnea Thilander
10 Tissue response to orthopaedic forces 129Birgit Linnea Thilander
11 Possible adverse tissue reactions 137Birgit Linnea Thilander and Lars Johan Bondemark
12 Retention and post–retention outcome 149Birgit Linnea Thilander, Erik Krister Bjerklin and Lars Johan Bondemark