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The Market For Cell Therapy Manufacturing - Strategies for Pricing, Cost Control, Reimbursement, Distribution, & More

  • ID: 4316300
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 123 Pages
  • BioInformant
until Dec 31st 2019
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  • Advanced Tissue Sciences
  • Cell Therapies Mentioned:
  • Cynata Therapeutics
  • Gamida Cell Ltd.
  • Molmed S.p.A.
  • Prochymal (Mesoblast)
  • MORE

Traditionally, one of the major issues with commercializing cell therapy products has been manufacturing bottlenecks. The heterogeneous nature of cell therapy products has introduced manufacturing complexity and regulatory concerns, as well as scale-up complexities that are not present within traditional pharmaceutical manufacturing. Furthermore, much of cell therapy manufacturing now involves patient-specific cell therapies, where cells for an individual patient are processed one batch at a time.

While many factors contribute to high pricing associated with cell therapies, a critical factor affecting the pricing of a cell therapy product is the cost of continuously manufacturing the product. To keep a cell therapy product “on market,” manufacturing costs of must be covered and a profit margin achieved. Therefore, great consideration must be given to the variables affecting the costs of goods (COGs) associated with cell therapy manufacturing, as well as strategies for process optimization.

Currently, allogeneic cell therapy manufacturing dominates over autologous cell therapy manufacturing, although clinical data in support of patient-specific therapy is compelling. There are opportunities for the development of both autologous and allogeneic cell therapies, which vary greatly in their manufacturing requirements, routes for patient administration, and cost structures.

Among cell therapy companies, the pressure for manufacturing process innovation can incentivize them to seek third-party partners who possess technical, manufacturing, and regulatory expertise in cell therapy development and manufacturing, such as cell therapy contract and development manufacturing organizations (CDMOs). Currently, there are more than 20 cell therapy CDMO’s specializing in manufacturing and clinical trial support for cell therapy companies, including WuXi PharmaTech (and its subsidiary WuXi AppTec), Lonza Group, PCT (a Caladrius company), MEDINET, Cell and Gene Therapy Catapult, Brammer Bio, KBI Biopharmaceuticals, PharmaCell, Roslin Cell Therapies, apceth Biopharma, and more.

Benefits of partnering with a cell therapy CDMO include scalability, speed to market, access to technical expertise without overhead costs, and cost efficiencies. This report considers the role of cell therapy CDMOs, as well as the importance of in-house manufacturing at cell therapy companies worldwide.

This global strategic report provides detailed analysis of ten leading cell therapy companies worldwide, evaluating the strengths of each company, as well as identifying cell therapy products in development, manufacturing strategies, and partnerships. These companies include:

  • ReNeuron
  • Mesoblast Ltd.
  • Asterias Biotherapeutics
  • TiGenix NV
  • Cellectis
  • Cynata Therapeutics
  • Cytori Therapeutics
  • Astellas Pharma (and Subsidiary Ocata Therapeutics)
  • Gamida Cell Ltd.
  • Pluristem Therapeutics

Additionally, the report identifies cell therapy products that have been reviewed and approved by internationally-recognized regulatory agencies, as well as products brought to market in the U.S. with FDA approval. It also specifies which cell therapies have since been pulled from market, due to factors such as low adoption rates, unsuccessful reimbursement strategies, or high cost of manufacturing.

The report analyzes time frames for cell therapy product development, distribution channels, key trends and technologies impacting cell therapy manufacturing, cost control measures, and challenges and considerations affecting with cell therapy manufacturing.

It provides an overview of the regulatory environment affecting cell therapy manufacturing in key countries worldwide, evaluating the importance of the recent FDA guidelines for Human Cell and Tissue-based Products (HCT/Ps) and the 21st Century Cures Act, as well as accelerated pathways for cell therapy approvals in Japan, including the:

  • Act on the Safety of Regenerative Medicine (Law No. 85/2013)
  • Pharmaceuticals and Medical Device (PMD) Act (Law No. 84/2013)

As a publisher specializing in the stem cell industry, the author compiled this global strategic report using primary interviews with more than 50 participants from across the cell therapy manufacturing industry, including representatives from:

  • Gamida Cell (Dr. Yael Margolin)
  • Pluristem (Yaky Yanay)
  • Cynata Therapeutics (Dr. Paul Wotton)
  • Accellta (Dr. Itzchak Angel and Eran Cohen)
  • Stem Cell Medicine Ltd. (Dr. Frida Grynspan)
  • Minerva Biotechnologies (Dr. Cynthia Bamdad)
  • RoosterBio (Dr. Jon Rowley)
  • Universal Cells (Gregory Block)
  • Many More

It also incorporates secondary findings from SEC filings, company websites, press releases, investor presentations, and government policy documents (FDA / PMDA). Produced for companies involved with cell therapy product development, this global strategic report offers critical insights into strategies for optimizing modern cell therapy manufacturing.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 5


  • Advanced Tissue Sciences
  • Cell Therapies Mentioned:
  • Cynata Therapeutics
  • Gamida Cell Ltd.
  • Molmed S.p.A.
  • Prochymal (Mesoblast)
  • MORE

1. Introduction to Cell Therapy Manufacturing

2. Leading Cell Therapy Companies
2.1. List of Cell Therapy Companies Worldwide
2.2. Leading Cell Therapy Companies
2.1.1. ReNeuron
2.1.2. Mesoblast Ltd.
2.1.3. Asterias Biotherapeutics
2.1.4. TiGenix NV
2.1.5. Cellectis
2.1.6. Cynata Therapeutics
2.1.7. Cytori Therapeutics
2.1.8. Astellas Pharma, and Subsidiary Ocata Therapeutics
2.1.9. Gamida Cell Ltd.
2.1.10. Pluristem Therapeutics

3. Approved Cell Therapy Products
3.1. Apligraf (Organogenesis, Inc. & Novartis AG)
3.2. Carticel (Genzyme)
3.3. Cartistem (MEDIPOST)
3.4. ChrondoCelect (TiGenix NV)
3.5. Cupistem (Anterogen)
3.6. Dermagraft (Advanced Tissue Sciences)
3.7. Epicel (Vericel)
3.8. Hearticellgram-AMI (FCB Pharmicell)
3.9. Holoclar (Chiesi Farmaceutici)
3.10. Osteocel (NuVasive)
3.11. Prochymal (Mesoblast)
3.12. Provenge
3.13. Strimvelis (GSK)
3.14. TEMCELL (JCR Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd., Licensee of Mesoblast Ltd.)

4. Pricing Analysis for Cell Therapy Products
4.1. Pricing of Approved Cell Therapy Products
4.2. Reasons for High Cell Therapy Product Costs
4.2.1. High Cost of Manufacturing
4.2.2. Need to Recoup Developmental Costs
4.2.3. Cash Flow and Quantity of Cash Reserves
4.2.4. Need for Return on Investment (ROI)
4.2.5. High Cost of Delivery
4.2.6. Lack of Comparative Studies as Evidence for Reimbursement Scheme
4.2.7. Lack of Competition
4.2.8. Potential for High Utility Patient Outcomes (Cures)
4.2.9. Small Market Size

5. Cost-Control for Cell Therapy Products
5.1. Cost of Goods (COGs) Components
5.2. Automation as a Cost Control Measure
5.3. Effect of Process Development and Process Change on COGs
5.4. Managing Cash Flow
5.5. Role of Cell Therapy CDMOs

6. Time Frames for Cell Therapy Product Development
6.1. Pre-Market Challenges
6.2. Persevering Through Lengthy Developmental Timelines
6.3. Navigating the Regulatory Environment
6.4. Timeline from Phase I to Commercialization

7. Reimbursement of Cell Therapy Products
7.1. Securing Reasonable Reimbursement
7.2. Encouraging Adoption

8. Distribution Channels for Cell Therapy Products
8.1. Addressing Distribution Logistics
8.2. Allogeneic vs. Autologous Therapies

9. Market Trend Analysis - Key Trends Impacting the Marketplace
9.1. Regulatory Issues
9.1.1. FDA Guidelines for HCT/Ps
9.1.2. 21st Century Cures Act)
9.2. Global Trends
9.2.1. Accelerated Approval Pathway in Japan
9.2.2. Prolific Partnering Between Cell Therapy Companies and Japanese Pharmaceutical Companies
9.2.3. Cell Therapy Products (and Pricing) Resulting from the Japanese Regulatory Framework

10. Technologies Impacting the Cell Therapy Manufacturing Market
10.1. Closed-System Manufacturing
10.2. Automation of Cell Therapy Manufacturing Processes
10.3. Automation of Data Management
10.4. Bioreactor Technologies

11. Market Potential for Autologous vs. Allogeneic Manufacturing

12. Cell Therapy Manufacturing Challenges and Considerations

13. Conclusions

List of Tables:
Table 1 List of Cell Therapy Companies Worldwide by Location and Type
Table 2 Pricing of Approved Cell Therapies
Table 3 Pricing Scale for Approved Cell Therapies, by Type
Table 4 Cost Per Million of Clinical-Grade MSCs Expanded by Different Methods
Table 5 Allogeneic vs. Autologous Product Development Among Leading Cell Therapy

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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  • Advanced Tissue Sciences
  • Anterogen
  • apceth Biopharm
  • Astellas Pharma, and Subsidiary Ocata Therapeutics
  • Asterias Biotherapeutics
  • Brammer Bio (Formed through Merger of Brammer Biopharmaceuticals and Florida Biologix)
  • Cell and Gene Therapy Catapult
  • Cellectis
  • Cellforcure SASU
  • Cellular Therapeutics Ltd. (CTL)
  • Chiesi Farmaceutici
  • Cognate Bioservices, Inc.
  • CTI Clinical Trial and Consulting
  • Cynata Therapeutics
  • Cytori Therapeutics
  • Eufets GmbH
  • FCB Pharmicell
  • Fraunhofer Gesellschaft
  • Gamida Cell Ltd.
  • Genzyme
  • GSK
  • JCR Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd. (Licensee of Mesoblast Ltd.)
  • KBI Biopharma (Acquired Opexa Assets, February 2017)
  • Lonza Group, Cell Therapy Manufacturing Unit
  • MasTHerCell, Acquired by Orgenesis
  • MEDINET Co. Ltd.
  • Mesoblast Ltd.
  • Miltenyi Bioprocess, the Contract Manufacturing Business of Miltenyi Biotec
  • Molmed S.p.A.
  • NuVasive
  • Organogenesis, Inc. & Novartis AG
  • PCT, a Caladrius Company (Previously Neostem)
  • PharmaCell, B.V.
  • Pluristem Therapeutics
  • Praxis Pharmaceutical
  • ReNeuron
  • Roslin Cell Therapies, a Subsidiary of Roslin Cells
  • The Clinical Trial Company (TCTC)
  • TiGenix NV
  • TiGenix NV
  • Vericel
  • WuXi PharmaTech, Including Subsidiary WuXi AppTech, Inc.

Cell Therapies Mentioned:

  • Apligraf (Organogenesis, Inc. & Novartis AG)
  • Carticel (Genzyme)
  • Cartistem (MEDIPOST)
  • ChrondoCelect (TiGenix NV)
  • Cupistem (Anterogen)
  • Dermagraft (Advanced Tissue Sciences)
  • Epicel (Vericel)
  • Hearticellgram-AMI (FCB Pharmicell)
  • Holoclar (Chiesi Farmaceutici)
  • Osteocel (NuVasive)
  • Prochymal (Mesoblast)
  • Provenge
  • Strimvelis (GSK)
  • TEMCELL (JCR Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd., Licensee of Mesoblast Ltd.)
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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The content and statistics contained within the publisher's reports are compiled using a broad range of sources, as described below.

Input Sources

  • Clinical Trial Databases (ClinicalTrials.gov, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, European Union Clinical Trials Register, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, Others)
  • Scientific Publication Databases (PubMed, Highwire Press, Google Scholar)
  • Patent Databases (United States Patent and Trade Office, World Intellectual Property Organization, Google Patent Search)
  • Grant Funding Databases (RePORT Database, CIRM, MRC, Wellcome Trust - UK, Others)
  • Product Launch Announcements (Trade Journals, Google News)
  • Industry Events (Google News, Google Alerts, Press Releases)
  • Company News (SEC Filings, Investor Publications, Historical Performance)
  • Social Analytics (Google Adwords, Google Trends, Twitter, Topsy.com, Hashtagify.me, BuzzSumo.com)
  • Interviews with Stem Cell Industry Leaders

Research & Analysis Methodologies

The publisher employs the following techniques for deriving its market research:

  • Historical Databases: As the first and only market research firm to specialize in the stem cell industry, the publisher has 13+ years of historical data on each segment of the stem cell the industry. This provides an extremely rare and robust database for establishing market size determinations, as well as making future market predictions.
  • Prolific Interviews with Industry Leaders: As the global leader in stem cell industry data, the publisher has interviewed hundreds of leaders from across the stem cell industry, including the CEO of FUJIFILM CDI, FUJIFILM Irvine Scientific, Pluristem Therapies, Celularity, and many others.
  • Industry Relationships: The research team and its President/Founder, Cade Hildreth, Chair and present at a wide range of stem cell industry events, including Phacilitate's Advanced Therapies Week, World Stem Cell Summit (WSCS), Perinatal Stem Cell Society Congress, AABB's International Cord Blood Symposium (ICBS), and other events hosted within the U.S. and worldwide.
  • Global Integrated Feedback: Because the publisher maintains the world's largest stem cell industry news site that is read by nearly a million unique readers per year and the company has large social media audiences (25.7K+ followers on Linked, 21.2K+ followers on Twitter, and 4.3K+ followers on Facebook), the publisher is able to publish content relevant to the industry and receive immediate feedback/input from a global community of readers. In short, the publisher's data is crowd-sourced from market participants worldwide, including those in diverse geographic regions.
  • Preliminary Research: In addition to the interviews described above, the publisher conducts market surveys, executes social media polls, and aggregates market data from stem cell industry announcements, press releases, and corporate filings/presentations.
  • Secondary Research: The publisher summarizes, collects and synthesizes existing market research that is relevant to the market area of interest.
  • Future Projections: Using the resources described above, the publisher is uniquely positioned to make future projections about market size, market growth by segment, market trends, technology evolution, funding activities (financing rounds, M&A, and IPOs), and importantly, market leadership (market share by company).