5G Communications Era: Current and Planned Developments - Technologies, Applications and Markets Assessment

  • ID: 4327957
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 248 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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  • Aeronix (SDR Components)
  • BTI Wireless
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  • Lattice
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  • Supreme Architecture
  • MORE

The 5G wireless communication system will be a converged system with multiple radio access technologies integrated together. It will be able to support a wide range of applications and services to comprehensively satisfy the requirements of the information society by the year 2020 and beyond. From the technology perspective, 5G will be the continuous enhancement and evolution of the present radio access technologies, and also the development of novel radio access technologies to meet the increasing demand of future. 5G can be characterized as data, connectivity and user experience.

There are two main views on 5G that exist today, which are frequently mixed together to form the basis of the 5G definition:

View 1 - The hyper-connected vision: In this view, 5G is seen as a blend of existing technologies (2G, 3G, 4G, Wi-Fi and others) that can deliver greater coverage and availability, higher network density in terms of cells and devices, and the ability to provide the connectivity that enables machine-to-machine (M2M) services and the Internet of Things (IoT).

View 2 - Next-generation radio access technology: This perspective outlines 5G in ‘generational’ terms, setting specific targets that new radio interfaces must meet in terms of data rates (faster than 1Gbps downlink) and latency (less than 1ms delay).

The first view is connected with a gradual transition of 3G/4G (and other) technologies to the 5G era with appropriate enhancements and extensions. Some of such technologies are the subject of this report analysis. Particular, the following technologies, their markets, industries and applications are addressed in connection with their transition to 5G (they are being bundled under the title of 5G despite the fact that they are already being brought to market by vendors and deployed by operators):

  • CR/SDR - Cognitive Radio/Software Defined Radio
  • Small Cells
  • mmWave Radio
  • MIMO
  • Visible Light Communications.

The report also addresses general requirements to 5G networking and surveys current 5G standardization activities.

The report intends to a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the development of advanced wireless communications.

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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Aeronix (SDR Components)
  • BTI Wireless
  • Firefly
  • Lattice
  • Outstanding Technology
  • Supreme Architecture
  • MORE

1.0 Introduction   
1.1 General   
1.2 Planning Wireless Technologies: Generations   
1.3 Goal   
1.4 Structure   
1.5 Research Methodology   
1.6 Target Audience   

2.0 Efforts   
2.1 Organizations   
2.2 5G Timetable (3GPP-ITU)   
2.2.1 RAN study   
2.2.2 Leaders: 5G Activity   
2.3 Activity Survey   
2.3.1 EU   
2.3.1.1 METIS 2020   
2.3.1.2 5G PPP   
2.3.2 Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) Ltd   
2.3.2.1 5G White Paper   
2.3.3 5G Americas   
2.3.4 GSMA   
2.3.5 ITU   

3.0 Current Developments: 5G Technologies   
3.1 Characteristics   
3.2 Promising Directions   
3.2.1 Requirements   
3.2.2 Common Views   
3.2.2.1 Spectrum   
3.2.3 Future - Starts Today   
3.3 Issues   
3.4 Use Cases   
3.4.1 General -Characteristics   
3.4.2 Mobile Broadband   
3.4.3 Automotive   
3.4.4 Smart Society   

4.0 Software Defined and Cognitive Radios -5G   
4.1 Spectrum Utilization   
4.2 Common Goal   
4.3 Needs   
4.4 Role   
4.5 Purpose   
4.6 Definition (WIF, FCC, ITU)   
4.6.1 CR Types   
4.7 Versatility   
4.8 Organizations and Regulations   
4.8.1 Wireless Innovation Forum Position   
4.8.2 FCC   
4.8.2.1 Equipment Type   
4.8.2.2    Process   
4.8.2.3 Clarifications   
4.8.2.4 Application Guide   
4.8.3 Object Management Group - OMG   
4.8.4 ETSI   
4.9 Decisions   
4.10 CR/SDR Features   
4.11 Elements   
4.12 Applications   
4.12.1 Commercial   
4.12.2 SDR in Military   
4.12.2.1 SCA   
4.13 STRS   
4.14 CR/SDR: Applications Benefits   
4.15 Impact   
4.16 Differences   
4.17 Market   
4.17.1 Landscape   
4.17.2 Components   
4.17.3 Trends   
4.17.4 Cost   
4.17.5 Different Perspective   
4.17.6 Drivers   
4.17.7 Market Forecast   
4.17.7.1 Model Assumptions   
4.17.7.2 Estimate   
4.18 Industry   
Aeronix (SDR Components)   
AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations)   
Analog Devices (Chipsets)   
Cambridge Consultants (PHY, Base Station)   
Carlson Wireless (Platform)   
Cisco (802.11a)   
CRT (CR SW)   
DataSoft (SDR Design, SW)   
Etherstack (Software)   
Green Hills (Software)   
Harris (SDR)   
Huawei (Platform)   
Mercury Systems (Toolsets)   
NI (mmWave CR/SDR)   
Nokia (Base Station)   
Nutaq   
PrismTech (SDR Development Environment)   
Rockwell Collins (Radios)   
SELEX ES (Radio)   
Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms)   
Thales (Radio)   
TI (Chips)   
Wind River (Software)   
xG Technology (Radio)   
ZTE (Platforms)   
4.19 5G Needs CR/SDR   

5.0 MIMO and 5G   
5.1 History   
5.2 Concept: MIMO in Wireless Communications   
5.2.1 Major Techniques   
5.3 Types of MIMO   
5.4 5G - MIMO Specifics   
5.4.1 MMIMO Definition   
5.4.2 MMIMO Properties   
5.5 MIMO Benefits   
5.6 Industry   
Blue Danube   
Beecube   
Nutaq   
ZTE   

6.0 mmWAVE Wi-Fi   
6.1 IEEE 802.11ad   
6.1.1 5G and 802.11ad   
6.1.1.1 5G Spectrum Extension   
6.1.1.2 5G - Densification   
6.1.2 Goal   
6.2 General   
6.3 60 GHz Band Spectrum Specifics   
6.3.1 Frequencies Allocation   
6.3.1.1 FCC 60 GHz Band Extension   
6.3.2 Oxygen Absorption   
6.4 Antenna   
6.5 Radiation Limiting at 60 GHz   
6.6 Combined Effect   
6.7 Progress in the Chip Technology   
6.7.1 Challenges and Efforts   
6.7.2 Modulation   
6.7.3 Specifics   
6.7.3.1 Indoor Behavior   
6.8 Summary   
6.9 Prospectus: 60 GHz Wi-Fi   
6.9.1 Benefits and Issues   
6.9.2 WiGig Alliance   
6.9.2.1 Use Cases   
6.9.2.2 Union   
6.9.3 IEEE 802.11ad - 60 GHz Wi-Fi   
6.9.3.1 Status   
6.9.3.2 Coexistence   
6.9.3.3 Scope   
6.9.3.4 Channelization   
6.9.3.5 PHY   
6.9.3.6 MAC   
6.9.3.7 Specification Features   
6.9.3.8 Summary   
6.10 Industry   
Blu Wireless   
Intel   
Lattice   
Nitero   
Peraso   
Qualcomm   
Samsung   
Tensorcom   
TP-Link   
6.11 Market Considerations   
6.11.1 Market Drivers   
6.11.2 Usage Models   
6.11.3 Preliminary Market Estimate   
6.12 Wi-Fi: 802.11ay   

7.0 Visible Light Communications - 5G Technology   
7.1 General   
7.1.1 Drivers   
7.1.2 Industry Activity   
7.1.2.1 UC-Light Center   
7.1.2.2 Europe   
7.2 VLC Standards Development   
7.2.1 The IEEE 802.15.7 Standard   
7.2.1.1 Considerations   
7.2.1.2 Project   
7.2.1.2.1 Coexistence   
7.2.1.2.2 Essence   
7.2.1.2.3 Base   
7.2.1.2.4 Use Cases   
7.2.1.2.5 Physical Layer   
7.2.1.2.5.1 General   
7.2.1.2.5.2 Responsibilities   
7.2.1.2.5.3 Types   
7.2.1.2.5.4 Error Protection   
7.2.1.2.5.5 Rates   
7.2.1.2.5.6 Frequency Plan   
7.2.1.2.5.7 PHY Services   
7.2.1.2.5.8. Regulations   
7.2.1.2.6 MAC Layer   
7.2.1.2.6.1 Responsibilities   
7.2.1.2.6.2 Functionalities   
7.2.1.2.6.3 Channel Access   
7.2.1.2.7 Security   
7.2.2 Jeita   
7.2.2.1 JEITA CP-1221   
7.2.2.2 JEITA CP-1222   
7.2.2.3 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)   
7.2.3 Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC)   
7.2.3.1 General   
7.2.3.2 Membership   
7.2.4 Li-Fi Consortium   
7.2.4.1 Optical Mobility Technology   
7.2.4.2 Li-Fi Network   
7.3 VLC Channel Specifics   
7.3.1 General   
7.3.2 Communications Channel Structure   
7.3.3 Transmitter   
7.3.4 Receiver   
7.3.4.1 Image Sensors   
7.3.4.2 LED as Receiver   
7.3.5 Major Characteristics   
7.3.5.1 General   
7.3.5.2 Modulation   
7.3.5.3 VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary   
7.3.5.4 Emerging Areas   
7.3.5.5 Limiting Factors   
7.3.6 Major Challenges   
7.4 Companies and Organizations   
Axrtek   
Casio   
Firefly   
Fraunhofer IPMS   
LVX   
Lightbee   
Nakagawa Laboratories   
NEC   
Oledcomm   
Outstanding Technology   
PureVLC-PureLi-Fi   
Qualcomm   
SmartSignals   
Supreme Architecture   
TCL/Sunpartner   
Tamura   
7.5 Market   
7.6 5G View   
7.6.1 Attocell   
7.6.2 Cell Structures   
7.7 Major Applications   
7.7.1 ITS   
7.7.1.1 Abilities   
7.7.1.2 Major Areas   
7.7.2 Optical Wireless LAN   
7.7.3 Healthcare   
7.7.4 Localization   
7.7.5 City Wide Wireless Network   
7.7.6 Summary   

8.0 5G and Small Cells Development   
8.1 Rational   
8.2 Nomenclature   
8.2.1 Group   
8.3 Background   
8.4 Applications   
8.4.1 Indoor Use Cases   
8.4.2 Outdoor Use Cases   
8.4.3 Public Safety Communications   
8.4.4 Summary   
8.5 Benefits and Issues   
8.6 Small Cell Market   
8.6.1 Market Geography   
8.6.2 Estimate   
8.7 Standardization   
8.7.1 Organizations   
8.7.2 Interfaces - 3GPP   
8.7.3 First Standard   
8.7.4 3GPP Rel.12 and SCs   
8.8 Small Cell Industry   
Airspan   
AirHop Communications   
Alpha Networks   
Argela   
Broadcom (acquired by Avago in 2015)   
BTI Wireless   
Cavium   
Cisco   
CommScope   
Contela   
Ericsson   
Fujitsu   
Huawei   
ip.access   
Intel   
Gilat   
Juni   
NEC   
Nokia   
Qualcomm   
Radisys   
Samsung   
Spider Cloud   
Tektelic   
TI   
Xilinx   
ZTE   

9.0 Conclusions   

List of Figures:
Figure 1: Mobile Technologies Generations   
Figure 2: Time - Mobile Generations/Rate   
Figure 3: OSI Layers - 4G and 5G   
Figure 4: Global Mobile Data Traffic   
Figure 5: ITU-R Schedule for IMT-2020   
Figure 6: 3GPP - Tentative Timeline - 5G Standardization   
Figure 7: Current View: Transition   
Figure 8: 5G Spectrum   
Figure 9: 5G Technologies Directions   
Figure 11: 5G Use Cases-General Illustration   
Figure 12: Use Cases - Rate of Transmission and Latency   
Figure 13: SDR and OSI Reference Model   
Figure 14: SDR - Structure   
Figure 15: Estimate: Global Sales - SDR-based Equipment ($B)   
Figure 16: SDR Market Geography (2017)   
Figure 17: Major Antennas Configurations   
Figure 18: MIMO Concept (2x2)   
Figure 19: Illustration - Beamforming   
Figure 20: MU-MIMO - Downlink   
Figure 21: SU-MIMO and MU-MIMO   
Figure 22: MMIMO   
Figure 23: Exploring IMT Spectrum   
Figure 24: 60 GHz Network Scenarios   
Figure 25: 60 GHz Frequencies Plan   
Figure 26: 60 GHz Spectrum Details   
Figure 27: Signal Attenuation in 60 GHz Band   
Figure 28: Absorption Details - 60 GHz Signal   
Figure 29: Bands Features Comparison   
Figure 30: Wi/Gig Protocols/Planes   
Figure 31: Use Cases - WiGig Alliance   
Figure 32: 802.11ad MAC Structure   
Figure 33: Summary: 802.11ad Properties   
Figure 34: Estimate: 802.11ad Chipsets Sales - Global (Bil. Units)   
Figure 35: Estimate: 802.11ad Chipsets Global Sales ($B)   
Figure 36: VLC - Comparison   
Figure 37: Illustration-VLC Channel   
Figure 38: VLC Market Categories   
Figure 39: Estimate: VLC Market - Global ($B)   
Figure 40: VLC Market Geography (2017)   
Figure 41: mmWave Advantages   
Figure 42: Macro vs Small BS - Shipped (Ratio)   
Figure 43: BS: Characteristics and Classification   
Figure 44: BS Parameters   
Figure 45: Summary: SC Use Cases   
Figure 46: Estimate: SC Global Shipments (Mil. Units)   
Figure 47: Estimate: Global SC Shipments ($B)   
Figure 48: 3GPP Rel. 12 SC Enhancements   
Figure 49: Scenario 1   
Figure 50: Scenario 2   

List of Tables:
Table 1: Major Characteristics - 5G Networks   
Table 2: 5G Use Case Families   
Table 3: SDR Tiers   
Table 4: CR Features   
Table 5: ETSI Documents   
Table 6: SDR Market Drivers   
Table 7: SDR Market Segments (Military vs. Commercial)   
Table 8: MIMO - 3GPP Releases   
Table 9: MIMO Benefits   
Table 10: 60 GHz Radio Standardization   
Table 11: Antenna Directivity   
Table 12: 60 GHz Links Characteristics   
Table 13: 802.11ad Major Features   
Table 14: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Usage Cases   
Table 15: Use Cases - 802.15.7   
Table 16: Devices and Characteristics - 802.15.7   
Table 17: Frequency Plan - 802.15.7   
Table 18: VLC Properties   
Table 19: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison   
Table 20: Locations Technologies-VLC Place   

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  • Aeronix (SDR Components)
  • AirHop Communications
  • Airspan
  • Alpha Networks
  • Analog Devices (Chipsets)
  • Argela
  • Axrtek
  • Beecube
  • Blu Wireless
  • Blue Danube
  • Broadcom (acquired by Avago in 2015)
  • BTI Wireless
  • Cambridge Consultants (PHY, Base Station)
  • Carlson Wireless (Platform)
  • Casio
  • Cavium
  • Cisco
  • CommScope
  • Contela
  • CRT (CR SW)
  • DataSoft (SDR Design, SW)
  • Ericsson
  • Etherstack (Software)
  • Firefly
  • Fraunhofer IPMS
  • Fujitsu
  • Gilat
  • Green Hills (Software)
  • Harris (SDR)
  • Huawei
  • Intel
  • ip.access
  • Juni
  • Lattice
  • Lightbee
  • LVX
  • Mercury Systems (Toolsets)
  • Nakagawa Laboratories
  • NEC
  • NI (mmWave CR/SDR)
  • Nitero
  • Nokia
  • Nutaq
  • Oledcomm
  • Outstanding Technology
  • Peraso
  • PrismTech (SDR Development Environment)
  • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
  • Qualcomm
  • Radisys
  • Rockwell Collins (Radios)
  • Samsung
  • SELEX ES (Radio)
  • SmartSignals
  • Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms)
  • Spider Cloud
  • Supreme Architecture
  • Tamura
  • TCL/Sunpartner
  • Tektelic
  • Tensorcom
  • Thales (Radio)
  • TI
  • TI (Chips)
  • TP-Link
  • Wind River (Software)
  • xG Technology (Radio)
  • Xilinx
  • ZTE
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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