According to the researcher, LNG production volume of China was about 136.9 billion cubic meters in 2016, up by 1.7% YOY. China’s conventional natural gas reserves and production volume are not abundant which cannot meet the growing demands. Due to the limited growth potential of domestic natural gas production volume, it is inevitable to import natural gas. China’s dependence on imported petroleum and gas keeps growing. In 2016, China's LNG import volume was 26.15 million tons, up by 32.97% compared to 2015. In 2016, there were 17 LNG countries of origin for China, yet over 90% of imported LNG was imported from 5 LNG countries of origin which had long-term contracts with China.
On May 12th, 2017, initial results of the 100-Day Action Plan of the Sino-US Economic Cooperation was published, and the two countries reached consensus on fields including agricultural product trade, finance service, investment and energy. As for natural gas, the U.S. welcomes China and other trade partners to import LNG from America. The U.S. promised to give China better preferential treatment than that to other trade partners out of Free Trade Agreement in terms of licensing of export. Chinese companies can negotiate with LNG exporters about all types of contracts including long-term contracts anytime.
According to the report, from Jan to May in 2017, China imported around 400,000 tons of LNG worth USD 166 million from the U.S., and the average import price was USD 401 per ton. Although there were large gaps in the import volume of LNG between U.S. and the top two import resources: 5.46 million tons from Australia and 3.11 million tons from Qatar, the U.S. is still expected to become one of the major import resources with further implementation of "Sino-US 100-Day Action Plan".
China's major LNG import resources include Australia, Qatar, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and so on. Australia is lower than America and America is lower than Qatar in terms of average import price, therefore, American LNG has an obvious advantage in price. From the perspective of transportation distance, it takes 10-12 days for Australian LNG while 15-20 days for Qatar to reach China. Australian and Qatar have large advantages over America. Therefore, in short term, Australian LNG still possesses a leading position in China's LNG import market even with the openness of American LNG import. However, market share of Qatar LNG export in China may be gradually replaced by that of America for its disadvantage in price. With the progress and innovation of American shale gas technique, the cost of American LNG is expected to drop and bring impact to current international LNG supply structure.
Non state-owned capital has many restrictions in natural gas exploitation field. However, private and foreign-funded enterprises can invest in fields such as shale gas, coal bed gas and LNG as well as terminal gas supply, which enjoy preferential policies and are encouraged by the Chinese government. The three state-owned petrochemical enterprises, namely, CNPC, Sinopec Group and CNOOC are the only LNG import enterprises in China for a long time. With fewer restrictions in LNG import policies, some non state-owned enterprises are gradually allowed to import LNG and build LNG receiving stations.
According to the report, coals continue to be replaced by natural gas and LNG with the development of China economy and industry, urbanization and stricter environmental protection policies in China. Demand for natural gas and LNG is expected to keep growing in the next few years. Up to now, there are still more than half of families using firewood and coals as their main fuels in China, therefore natural gas and LNG have a large market potential. Due to limited growth potential of production volume of domestic natural gas, LNG import volume is expected to be growing in 2017-2021.
Through this report, the readers can acquire the following information:
- Government Policy of China LNG Industry
- Supply and Consumption Status of Natural Gas and LNG in China
- LNG Price Trend in China Market, 2014-2017
- Analysis on LNG Import in China
- Major LNG Countries of Origin in China, 2015-2017
- Analysis on LNG Import Price in China, 2015-2017
- Forecast on LNG Import in China, 2017-2021
1. Overview of China LNG Industry
1.1 Definition and Classification of LNG
1.2 Downstream Application of LNG in China
1.3 Research Methods of the Report
1.3.1 Parameters and Assumptions
1.3.2 Data Sources
1.3.3 About the Author
2 Development Environment of China LNG Industry, 2015-2017
2.1 Economic Environment
2.1.1 Chinese Economy
2.1.2 Global Economy
2.2 Chinese government Policy to LNG Import
2.2.1 Policy Overview
2.2.2 Policy Trend
2.3 Analysis on LNG Demand in China
2.3.1 Total Demand Volume
2.3.2 Major Demand Fields
2.3.3 Price Trend of LNG in China Market
3 Analysis on LNG Import in China, 2015-2017
3.1 Import Volume of LNG in China, 2015-2017
3.1.1 China's LNG Import Volume
3.1.2 China's LNG Import Value
3.1.3 Analysis on China's LNG Import Price
3.2 Major Import Sources of LNG in China
3.2.1 Major Import Sources of LNG in China, 2017
3.2.2 Major Import Sources of LNG in China, 2016
3.2.3 Major Import Sources of LNG in China, 2015
3.3 Major Factors Influencing China's LNG Import
3.3.1 Favorable Factors
3.3.2 Unfavorable Factors
4 Analysis on Major Countries Of Origin of China's LNG Import
4.1.1 Overview of Australia LNG Industry
4.1.2 Status of Australian LNG Export to China
4.2 Qatar Petroleum
4.1.1 Overview of LNG Industry of Qatar Petroleum
4.1.2 Status of Qatar Petroleum LNG Export to China
(The structures of 4.3-4.10 are similar to that of 4.1-4.2)
4.5 Papua New Guinea
4.9 The U.S.A.
5 Major Chinese Import Enterprises of LNG
5.1 China National Petroleum Corporation
5.1.1 Enterprise Profile
5.1.2 Analysis on LNG Receiving Station of China National Petroleum Corporation
5.2 Sinopec Group
5.2.1 Enterprise Profile
5.2.2 Analysis on LNG Receiving Station of Sinopec Group
5.3 China National Offshore Oil Co., Ltd.
5.3.1 Enterprise Profile
5.3.2 Analysis on LNG Receiving Station of China National Offshore Oil Co., Ltd.
5.4 Dongguan Jiufengtian Natural Gas Reservation and Transportation Co., Ltd.
5.4.1 Enterprise Profile
5.4.2 Analysis on LNG Receiving Station of Dongguan Jiufengtian Natural Gas Reservation and Transportation Co., Ltd.
5.5 ENN Group
5.5.1 Enterprise Profile
5.5.2 Analysis on LNG Receiving Station of ENN Group
5.6 Xinjiang Guanghui Industry Investment Group Co., Ltd.
5.6.1 Enterprise Profile
5.6.2 Analysis on LNG Receiving Station of Xinjiang Guanghui Industry Investment Group Co., Ltd.
6 Forecast on LNG Import Volume in China, 2017-2021
6.1 Forecast on Major Factors to China's LNG Import
6.1.1 Domestic LNG Demand in China
6.1.2 Government Policy to LNG Import
6.2 Forecast on LNG Import Volume in China, 2017-2021
6.2.1 Forecast on Overall Import Volume
6.2.2 Forecast on Import Volume of Different Countries
Chart Chinese Government LNG Import Policy, 2011-2017
Chart Output Volume of Natural Gas in China, 2006-2016
Chart Quantity Demanded of LNG in China, 2006-2016
Chart Demand Structure of Natural Gas in China, 2016
Chart China's LNG Import Volume, 2006-2016
Chart Price Trend of LNG in China's Market
Chart Major Import Sources of LNG in China, 2016
Chart Major Import Sources of LNG in China, 2017
Chart Major LNG Import Enterprises in China Market, 2015-2017
Chart Forecast on LNG consumption in China, 2017-2021
Chart Forecast on LNG Import Volume in China, 2017-2021
- China National Offshore Oil Co., Ltd.
- China National Petroleum Corporation
- Dongguan Jiufengtian Natural Gas Reservation and Transportation Co., Ltd.
- ENN Group
- Sinopec Group
- Xinjiang Guanghui Industry Investment Group Co., Ltd.