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Materials Engineering. Bonding, Structure, and Structure-Property Relationships

  • ID: 4328044
  • Book
  • December 2017
  • 630 Pages
  • Cambridge University Press
Designed for both one- and two-semester courses, this textbook provides a succinct and easy-to-read introduction to crystal structures and structure-property relations. By linking together the fundamentals of bond strength and the arrangement of atoms in space with the mechanical, optical, magnetic and electrical properties that they control, students will gain an intuitive understanding of how different materials are suited to particular applications. The systematics of crystal structures are described for both organic and inorganic materials, with coverage including small molecular crystals, polymers, metals, ceramics and semiconductors. Hundreds of figures and practice problems help students gain an advanced, 3D understanding of how structure governs behavior, and a wealth of examples throughout show how the underlying theory is translated into practical devices. With solutions, video lectures and overheads available online for instructors, this is an excellent resource for graduates and senior undergraduates studying materials science and engineering.
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1. Introduction to bonding, structure, and structure-property relations;
2. Raw materials;
3. Chemical bonding and electronegativity;
4. Hardness, melting points and boiling points;
5. Planes, directions, and morphology;
6. Crystal systems and theoretical density;
7. Symmetry, point groups, and stereographic projections;
8. Covalent crystals;
9. Ionic crystals;
10. Metallic crystals;
11. Molecular crystals;
12. Polymers;
13. Pauling's rules, bond valence, and structure-field maps;
14. Crystal field theory;
15. Solid solutions and phase diagrams;
16. Defects;
17. Gases and liquids;
18. Glasses;
19. Silica and silicates;
20. Phase transformations;
21. Cement;
22. Surface properties;
23. Neumann's law and tensor properties;
24. Thermal properties;
25. Diffusion and ionic conductivity;
26. Electrical conductivity;
27. Optical properties;
28. Dielectrics and ferroelectrics;
29. Magnetism;
30. Mechanical properties; Appendix A. Crystallographic symbols; Appendix B. Shannon–Prewitt ionic radii.
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Susan Trolier-McKinstry Pennsylvania State University.

Susan Trolier-McKinstry is the Steward S. Flaschen Professor of Ceramic Science and Engineering, Professor of Electrical Engineering, and Director of the Nanofabrication Facility at Pennsylvania State University. She is also the President of the Materials Research Society, and a Fellow of the IEEE and the American Ceramic Society.
Robert E. Newnham Pennsylvania State University.

Robert E. Newnham was a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Pennsylvania State University and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He was the recipient of numerous awards, including the John Jeppson Medal from the American Ceramic Society and the Turnbull Lecturer Award from the Materials Research Society.
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