Aristotelian Philosophy. Ethics and Politics from Aristotle to MacIntyre

  • ID: 4335963
  • Book
  • 256 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Aristotle is the most influential philosopher of practice, and Knight′s new book explores the continuing importance of Aristotelian philosophy. First, it examines the theoretical bases of what Aristotle said about ethical, political and productive activity. It then traces ideas of practice through such figures as St Paul, Luther, Hegel, Heidegger and recent Aristotelian philosophers, and evaluates Alasdair MacIntyre′s contribution. Knight argues that, whereas Aristotle′s own thought legitimated oppression, MacIntyre′s revision of Aristotelianism separates ethical excellence from social elitism and justifies resistance.

With MacIntyre, Aristotelianism becomes revolutionary. MacIntyre′s case for the Thomistic Aristotelian tradition originates in his attempt to elaborate a Marxist ethics informed by analytic philosophy. He analyses social practices in teleological terms, opposing them to capitalist institutions and arguing for the cooperative defence of our moral agency. In condensing these ideas, Knight advances a theoretical argument for the reformation of Aristotelianism and an ethical argument for social change.

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Acknowledgements vi

Introduction 1

1 Aristotle s Theoretical and Practical Philosophy 4

2 Christian Practice and Medieval Philosophy 41

3 Aristotle in Germany 64

4 A Revolutionary Aristotelianism 102

MacIntyre s Marxism 104

Aristotelianism 124

Social Ethics 144

Politics 167

Aristotelianism s Reformation 189

Conclusion 222

References 226

Index 244

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Kelvin Knight
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