Contemporary Politics in the Middle East. 4th Edition

  • ID: 4340595
  • Book
  • Region: Middle East
  • 388 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The fourth edition of this dynamic and popular text provides a comprehensive introduction to contemporary politics in the Middle East. Fully revised and updated throughout, it features a new chapter on the Arab Spring and its aftermath, plus a wide range of vibrant case studies, data, questions for class discussion and suggestions for further reading.

Purposefully employing a clear thematic structure, the book begins by introducing key concepts and contentious debates before outlining the impact of colonialism, and the rise and relevance of Arab nationalism in the region. Major political issues affecting the Middle East are then explored in full. These include political economy, conflict, political Islam, gender, the regional democracy deficit, and ethnicity and minorities. The book also examines the role of key foreign actors, such as the USA, Russia and the EU, and concludes with an in–depth analysis of the Arab uprisings and their impact in an era of uncertainty.
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Preface to the Fourth Edition

INTRODUCTION

The Muddle East?

Who invented the Middle East?

Orientalism – the enduring debate

State–types: making sense of multiplicity

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

1. COLONIAL RULE: SHAPING THE DESTINY OF A REGION

Introduction

Merchants and Missionaries

World War 1 and the death of the Ottoman Empire

1918 and after: mandates, protectorates and colonial power

Inter–war European decline

Sunset Empire

Case Study: Egypt – Gateway to riches

Case Study: The Palestine Debacle

Case Study: Algeria – a colony or province outré mer?

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

2. NATIONALISM: THE QUEST FOR IDENTITY AND POWER

Introduction

Nationalism as theory turned into practice

The birth pangs of Arab nationalism

New Identities and hopes

The first Arab revolt: the Arab princes at the helm of British imperial ambition

Taking state power

Unification nationalism: the United Arab Republic and beyond

Case Study: Nationalism defined by a man: Nasserism

Case Study: Ba’thism – the Arab Socialist future unveiled

Case Study: Stateless nation: The Kurds

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

3. A VERY POLITICAL ECONOMY

Introduction

Regional wealth and extremes of inequality

Evolution of oil–based economies

Sheikhdoms and petro–power

Rentier futures, profit in decline?

Labour mobility and employment

Case Study: Saudi Arabia: Visio 2030 or bust

Case Study: Egypt: Too big to fail or succeed

Case Study: Collapsing globalization and its regional consequences

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

4. CONFLICT AND LACK OF PEACE

Introduction

The bigger battle: Arab–Israeli hostility

Killing dreams: the Israeli–Palestinian dimension

East against West in the Suez crisis

Arab versus Arab

The Lion and the Peacock: Arab–Iranian relations

Sectarian Politics

Case Study: Egypt and Israel: This is what peace looks like

Case Study: Iraq: Enduring Conflict

Case Study: Al Qaeda the recurrent threat

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

5. PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE POLITICS: ISLAM

Introduction

Islam and Politics

Thoroughly modern Muslims

Muslim Brotherhood

Fervour

Arab Spring and Islamist Autumn

Case Study: The Islamic Republic of Iran

Case Study: ISIS – the case of the ‘so–called Islamic state’

Case Study: Palestinian Islamists – Hamas

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

6. THE EPHEMERALS OF DEMOCRACY IN THE MIDDLE EAST

Introduction

Clash of civilizations

Democracy or liberalization?

Socio–economic indicators

Democracy and civil society

Islamism and democracy – an oxymoron?

The Arab Spring and democracy

Case Study: Jordan – a façade democracy

Case Study: Moroccan parse

Case Study: All Hopes in Tunisia

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

7. Women: The invisible population

Introduction

The role of women in nationalist movements

Identity and Independence

Women and Islam

Subjugation

Feminism and gender discourses

Case Study: Palestinian women in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip

Case Study: From beyond the veil – Iran since the revolution

Case Study: Turkey, the state of women

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

8. ENDANGERED SPECIES: ETHNICITY AND MINORITIES

Introduction

Defining ethnicity

Minority status

The state and ethnicity

Modernity in the post–modern age

Ethno–national and religious battles

Conflict management and regulation

Case Study: Lost within the Jewish state: Israel’s Arabs.

Case Study: All the President’s Men The Alawites of Syria

Case Study: Fear on a Mountain: Yazidis

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

9. THEM AND US: THE UNITED STATES, EU AND RUSSIA IN THE MIDDLE EAST

Introduction

National Interest

Relations and rivalries

Europe, the EU and the Middle East

The Bear awakens Russia and the Middle East

Case Study: America and Israel: the really special relationship

Case Study: America and Saudi Arabia: oil on troubled waters

Case Study: Russia and Syria: the embrace

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

10. THE ARAB SPRING AND THE NEW ERA OF UNCERTAINTY

Introduction

Underlying factors

Winds of Change

Teenage Kicks: Youth and the Arab Spring

Unfolding spectacle of political change

Authoritarian resilience

Uncertain Future

Case Study: Libya fracturing

Case Study: Egypt’s children of the revolution

Case Study: Yemen from Hope to War

Recommended Reading

Questions for Discussion

References

Index
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Beverley Milton–Edwards
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